Renal System - Carnegie Stage 22
|Movies - Embryo Carnegie stage 22 - This embryo animation rotates and show the relative position of internal renal system structures at the end of embryonic development. Compare these with the earlier stage 13 embryo.
The movies are based upon reconstruction of serial slice images.
Stage 22 Renal Annotated
|E6: R,L adrenal glands under diaphragm.|
|Fl: Adrenal glands. R. Kidney. Autonomic ganglia (partly the adrenal medulla precursors).||F2: Kidneys (note retroperitoneal location). Cortex. Medulla. L. Adrenal gland. Superior mesenteric artery. Inferior vena cava.||F3: R testis (note its location relative to the R adrenal). L adrenal. R renal hilus. large channels are branches of ureteric tree.|
|F4: R kidney and R ureter. Inferior vena cava. L. kidney, L renal hilus and L ureter. R testis with R mesonephric duct (precursor of vas deferens). L testis. Umbilical arteries passing into umbilical cord allantois between them.||F5: Kidneys. Ureters. Note umbilical arteries and allantois. Also note how R testis and mesonephric structures are attached to parietal peritoneum by a mesogonad.||F6: Kidneys. Ureters. Note umbilical arteries and allantois. Also note how R testis and mesonephric structures are attached to parietal peritoneum by a mesogonad.||F7: In F7, (dorsal to R testis and liver) note with the distinct lumen of the mesonephric duct, almost solid column of paramesonephric cells and remnants of mesonephric tubules. "mesogonad". Ureters. Bladder with submucosa and detrusor muscle. Umbilical arteries. Division of aorta.|
|G1: Ureters, Bladder. Umbilical arteries. Testis with remains of mesonephros (dorsal), mesonephric duct and paramesonephric cells. Sigmoid colon and mesocolon.||G2: Ureters being displaced ventrally, crossing common iliac arteries. Sigmoid colon. Bladder. Mesonephric ducts (lateral) and paramesonephric ducts (smaller, medial) located dorsal to bladder.||G3: Ureters (cut twice): descending dorsal to bladder and ascending ventrally to enter the bladder at trigone, through the submucosa). Fusion of paramesonephric ducts. Paired mesonephric ducts. Umbilical arteries looping off common iliac arteries. Pubic symphysis. Colon.||G4: Most caudal part of loop of ureters. Urethra emerging from bladder. Mesonephric ducts. Rectocolic junction.|
|G5: Urethra (in region of future prostate gland - note crescentic shape). Rectum. Rectovesical pouch. Between G4 and G5, each mesonephric duct (vas deferens) has joined the prostatic urethra (caudal to the ureters), thereby increasing the caliber of the latter.||G6: Penile urethra, emerging inferiorly to the glans penis. Scrotal swellings (appear before testis descends).||G7: Penile urethra, emerging inferiorly to the glans penis. Scrotal swellings (appear before testis descends).||Note F7 MS term: "inebriated Puffin" (dorsal to R testis and liver) lumen of the mesonephric duct (eye), almost solid column of paramesonephric cells (beak) and remnants of mesonephric tubules (body).|
Stage 22 Selected
|F4 kidney||F5 renal pelvis||F6 nephron||F7 gonad|
|G1 ureter||G2 mesonephros||G3 testis||G4 rete tesits||G5 urogenital||G6 urogenital||G7 urogenital|
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Cite this page: Hill, M.A. (2019, July 24) Embryology Renal System - Carnegie Stage 22. Retrieved from https://embryology.med.unsw.edu.au/embryology/index.php/Renal_System_-_Carnegie_Stage_22
- © Dr Mark Hill 2019, UNSW Embryology ISBN: 978 0 7334 2609 4 - UNSW CRICOS Provider Code No. 00098G