Difference between revisions of "Renal Quiz"

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{The sequential development of the renal structures within intermediate mesoderm can best be described as:
 
{The sequential development of the renal structures within intermediate mesoderm can best be described as:
 
|type="()"}
 
|type="()"}
+ pronephros, mesonephros, metanephros
+
+   pronephros, mesonephros, metanephros
- pronephros, metanephros, mesonephros
+
-   pronephros, metanephros, mesonephros
- mesonephric duct, metanephros, mesonephros
+
-   mesonephric duct, metanephros, mesonephros
- mesonephric duct, paramesonephric duct, metanephros
+
-   mesonephric duct, paramesonephric duct, metanephros
- uteric bud, ureter, urinary bladder
+
-   ureteric  bud, ureter, urinary bladder
  
 
||The rostro-caudal paired strips of intermediate mesoderm form in a downward sequence: pronephros (in the neck region),  mesonephros (along the length of the trunk) and metanephros (at the level of the hindlimbs). The metanephros being the developing adult kidney.
 
||The rostro-caudal paired strips of intermediate mesoderm form in a downward sequence: pronephros (in the neck region),  mesonephros (along the length of the trunk) and metanephros (at the level of the hindlimbs). The metanephros being the developing adult kidney.
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{The lower end of the mesonephric duct branches to form the:
 
{The lower end of the mesonephric duct branches to form the:
 
|type="()"}
 
|type="()"}
+ ureteric bud
+
+   ureteric bud
- uterus bud
+
-   uterus bud
- urethral bud
+
-   urethral bud
- gonadal bud
+
-   gonadal bud
- none of the above
+
-   none of the above
||The [[ureteric bud|BGDB_Sexual_Differentiation_-_Early_Embryo#Kidney_and_Mesonephric_Duct]] is a single epithelial branch forming from each mesonephric duct, that extends laterally into intermediate mesoderm as part of early metanephric formation. Mesonephric duct does not form uterus or urethra. As far as I know I made up the term "gonadal bud".
+
||The [[BGDB_Sexual_Differentiation_-_Early_Embryo#Kidney_and_Mesonephric_Duct|ureteric  bud]] is a single epithelial branch forming from each mesonephric duct, that extends laterally into intermediate mesoderm as part of early metanephric formation. Mesonephric duct does not form uterus or urethra. As far as I know I made up the term "gonadal bud".
  
 
{The allantois, cloaca, urinary bladder, hindgut and yolk sac are all lined with endoderm  
 
{The allantois, cloaca, urinary bladder, hindgut and yolk sac are all lined with endoderm  
 
|type="()"}
 
|type="()"}
+ true
+
+   true
- false
+
-   false
 
|| During week 3 gastrulation generates the endoderm layer that forms an epithelial layer that with later embryonic disc folding lines all of the above structures.
 
|| During week 3 gastrulation generates the endoderm layer that forms an epithelial layer that with later embryonic disc folding lines all of the above structures.
  
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{The relative movement of organs with the peritoneal cavity can best be described as:
 
{The relative movement of organs with the peritoneal cavity can best be described as:
 
|type="()"}
 
|type="()"}
- descent of the adrenal glands and gonads
+
-   descent of the adrenal glands and gonads
- ascent of the adrenal glands and genital tubercle
+
-   ascent of the adrenal glands and genital tubercle
+ ascent of the kidneys and descent of the gonads
+
+   ascent of the kidneys and descent of the gonads
- descent of the kidneys and adrenal glands
+
-   descent of the kidneys and adrenal glands
- none of the above
+
-   none of the above
  
 
||The adrenals, kidneys and gonads are initially closely related. Both the adrenals and kidneys are described as moving relatively as ascending, while the gonads (both ovary and testis) move away in relative descent.
 
||The adrenals, kidneys and gonads are initially closely related. Both the adrenals and kidneys are described as moving relatively as ascending, while the gonads (both ovary and testis) move away in relative descent.
  
 +
{Which of the following statements about the cloaca is/are correct:
 +
|type="[]"}
  
 +
+   The cloaca is an early embryonic structure lined by endoderm.
 +
 +
-   The cloaca extends into the connecting stalk.
 +
 +
+   The cloaca is divided in development by the urogenital septum.
 +
 +
-   The mesonephric ducts fuse to the anterior wall of the cloaca.
 +
 +
-   The cloacal membrane degenerates at the same time as the buccopharyngeal membrane.
 +
 +
||<br>The cloaca forms in week 3 to 4 and is a transient structure later dividing into developing into the urogenital sinus and hindgut rectum.The cloaca does not extend into the connecting stalk, this is the allantois. The [[Urogenital Septum Movie|urogenital septum]] divides the cloaca into 2 separate compartments urogenital sinus (ventral) and hindgut rectum (dorsal). The mesonephric ducts fuse to the posterior wall of the urogenital sinus. The cloacal membrane degenerates after the buccopharyngeal membrane.
  
 
</quiz>
 
</quiz>
  
 +
{{Quizzes}}
  
 +
{{Glossary}}
 +
{{Footer}}
  
[[Category:Quiz]]
+
[[Category:Genital]] [[Category:Quiz]]

Latest revision as of 15:45, 22 September 2016

Here are a few simple questions that relate to renal development.

Take the Quiz







  

1

The sequential development of the renal structures within intermediate mesoderm can best be described as:

  pronephros, mesonephros, metanephros
  pronephros, metanephros, mesonephros
  mesonephric duct, metanephros, mesonephros
  mesonephric duct, paramesonephric duct, metanephros
  ureteric bud, ureter, urinary bladder

2

The lower end of the mesonephric duct branches to form the:

  ureteric bud
  uterus bud
  urethral bud
  gonadal bud
  none of the above

3

The allantois, cloaca, urinary bladder, hindgut and yolk sac are all lined with endoderm

  true
  false

4

The relative movement of organs with the peritoneal cavity can best be described as:

  descent of the adrenal glands and gonads
  ascent of the adrenal glands and genital tubercle
  ascent of the kidneys and descent of the gonads
  descent of the kidneys and adrenal glands
  none of the above

5

Which of the following statements about the cloaca is/are correct:

  The cloaca is an early embryonic structure lined by endoderm.
  The cloaca extends into the connecting stalk.
  The cloaca is divided in development by the urogenital septum.
  The mesonephric ducts fuse to the anterior wall of the cloaca.
  The cloacal membrane degenerates at the same time as the buccopharyngeal membrane.


Quizzes

Medicine Practicals: Foundations Embryology - BGDA Fertilization to Implantation | Embryo | Fetal | Placenta - BGDB Gastrointestinal | Face and Ear | Sexual Differentiation

General Embryology: Ectoderm Quiz | Mesoderm Quiz | Early Heart Quiz | Placenta Quiz | Respiratory Quiz | Renal Quiz | Genital Quiz


Glossary Links

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Cite this page: Hill, M.A. (2019, December 14) Embryology Renal Quiz. Retrieved from https://embryology.med.unsw.edu.au/embryology/index.php/Renal_Quiz

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© Dr Mark Hill 2019, UNSW Embryology ISBN: 978 0 7334 2609 4 - UNSW CRICOS Provider Code No. 00098G