Paper - The development of the sympathetic nervous system in mammals

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Kuntz A. The development of the sympathetic nervous system in mammals. (1910) J. Comp. Neurol. 20(3): 211-258.

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This historic 1910 paper by Kuntz describes the development of the sympathetic nervous system in mammalian species.

See also his earlier description of sympathetic system development in man: Kuntz A. The development of the sympathetic nervous system in man. (1920) J. Comp. Neurol. 32(2): 173-229.

Modern Notes

Neural Crest Links: neural crest | Lecture - Early Neural | Lecture - Neural Crest Development | Lecture Movie | Schwann cell | adrenal | melanocyte | peripheral nervous system | enteric nervous system | cornea | cranial nerve neural crest | head | skull | cardiac neural crest | Nicole Le Douarin | Neural Crest Movies | neural crest abnormalities | Category:Neural Crest
Historic Embryology - Neural Crest  
1879 Olfactory Organ | 1905 Cranial and Spinal Nerves | 1908 10 mm Peripheral | 1910 Mammal Sympathetic | 1920 Human Sympathetic | 1939 10 Somite Embryo | 1942 Origin | 1957 Adrenal
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Pages where the terms "Historic" (textbooks, papers, people, recommendations) appear on this site, and sections within pages where this disclaimer appears, indicate that the content and scientific understanding are specific to the time of publication. This means that while some scientific descriptions are still accurate, the terminology and interpretation of the developmental mechanisms reflect the understanding at the time of original publication and those of the preceding periods, these terms, interpretations and recommendations may not reflect our current scientific understanding.     (More? Embryology History | Historic Embryology Papers)


The present investigation of the development of the sympa- thetic nervous system in mammals was carried on in the laboratories of Animal Biology of the State University of Iowa, under the direction of Prof. Gilbert L. Houser.

Although much excellent work has been done on the development of the sympathetic nervous system, our knowledge concerning the sympathetic neurones and the relation of the sympathetic to the central nervous system is still very meager. Our newer conceptions of nerve-components and of the functional divisions of the peripheral nervous system call for a re-investigation of the development of the sympathetic system in order to bring thig division of the nervous system into harmony with established facts.

The present investigation was undertaken in order to further exact knowledge concerning the histogenesis of the sympathetic system, to establish the histogenetic relationships between the sympathetic neurones and the neurones in the central nervous system, and to correlate the sympathetic system with the other functional divisions of the nervous system. The most important results achieved pertain to increased knowledge concerning the histogenesis of the sympathetic system and its relation to the central nervous system, and to the fact that the cardiac plexus and the sympathetic plexuses in the walls of the visceral organs are not derived from the sympathetic trunks, as has hitherto been supposed, but have their origin in nervous elements which migrate from the vagus ganglia and the walls of the hind-brain along the fibers of the vagi. During the progress of the work, two preliminary papers were published (see Bibliography).

It is a real pleasure to express my deep sense of obligation to Prof. Houser for his many helpful suggestions and for the inspira- tion afforded by the constant enthusiastic interest manifested by him during the progress of this investigation. I desire also to express my indebtedness to Dr. F. A. Stromsten for many valua- ble suggestions in technique.

Cite this page: Hill, M.A. (2020, April 6) Embryology Paper - The development of the sympathetic nervous system in mammals. Retrieved from

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