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Revision as of 11:07, 19 September 2014

Embryology - 21 Nov 2019    Facebook link Pinterest link Twitter link  Expand to Translate  
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Dr Mark Hill

Online Projects

Wednesday 7 December 2012 - Short Paper - Developing online student group project work.

Group Project - Time to relax while you watch someone who cares do all the work. How to get a group to work?

Abstract

This presentation will discuss the experiences in developing small science student group projects (3 to 5 students) that are prepared online in an interactive manner throughout the semester. This group assessment item replaced a previous poster presentation project. This assessment has now been running for a number of years, and the current presentation will describe the pedagogy of this assessment as well as associated practical issues. Key practical issues discussed include: initial tutorials to train students, literature researching strategies, copyright issues, plagiarism and peer assessment.

Introduction

Medicine computer lab (small)
Medicine computer lab (large)

This assessment has now been running for a number of years, and the current presentation will describe the pedagogy of this assessment as well as how the iterations of these projects have allowed fine tuning of the "process".

  • Pedagogically
    • Collaboration - Communication - Responsibility - Teamwork.
    • I see great value in designing group assessment items for students as this really tests their ability to work collaboratively and to determine their own strengths and weaknesses, as well as those of others, in a team environment.
    • Please note that many students initially do not like this form of assessment, as it relies on them making to much of an "ongoing contribution" (more work than they intended) and they are also concerned about project "free riders" (academic plagiarism).
  • In the past
    • Designing group assessment items often involved working inside practical class times, or preparation of posters/talks on a specific topic either inside class times or with an option for some independent work outside those times.
    • I have previously used both these techniques in designing course assessments.
  • Currently
    • I have designed a semester-long group assessment project that allows students an option to work together over an extended period researching topics that relate directly to the course goals.
    • There are many different components to this project process, and given the limited time for my presentation, I will only be able to touch on a few key concepts outlined in the abstract.
    • Note that there is also a Medicine online group assessment project, that works a little differently in structure from the model described here.


Further details and links are made available here for you to explore further in your own time, and I am always happy to respond to emailed questions.


--Mark Hill 11:32, 27 November 2012 (EST)

Project Design

  • Students are introduced to group project in the first lecture when going through the course outline.

Project Timeline

Project timeline.png

Semester Weeks

  • Week 2 - Introduction to assessment (group and individual), previous examples, topics, resources, plagiarism, student questions. Group design Online Assessment
  • Week 3 - Project tutorials, referencing, referencing resources, copyright, adding an image, topic selection. Allocated groups ANAT2341 References
  • Week 4 - Sub-headings, allocation of individual student work. How's the group working? Editing
  • Week 5 - Topic concept area progress. Problems?
  • Week 6 - Project work. Initial assessor feedback
  • Week 7 - Project work. Pulling your weight?
  • Week 8 - Project work. In-class presentations and assessor feedback.
  • Week 9 - Peer assessment process.
  • Week 10 - Project update in response to peer comments.
  • Week 11 - Project locked to students. Individual student feedback on group.
  • Week 12 - Final Assessment.


Group Assessment Criteria
Mark Hill.jpg
The assessment criteria was based upon those designed for the Medicine student Wikis.
  1. The key points relating to the topic that your group allocated are clearly described.
  2. The choice of content, headings and sub-headings, diagrams, tables, graphs show a good understanding of the topic area.
  3. Content is correctly cited and referenced.
  4. The wiki has an element of teaching at a peer level using the student's own innovative diagrams, tables or figures and/or using interesting examples or explanations.
  5. Evidence of significant research relating to basic and applied sciences that goes beyond the formal teaching activities.
  6. Relates the topic and content of the Wiki entry to learning aims of embryology.
  7. Clearly reflects on editing/feedback from group peers and articulates how the Wiki could be improved (or not) based on peer comments/feedback. Demonstrates an ability to review own work when criticised in an open edited wiki format. Reflects on what was learned from the process of editing a peer's wiki.
  8. Evaluates own performance and that of group peers to give a rounded summary of this wiki process in terms of group effort and achievement.
  9. The content of the wiki should demonstrate to the reader that your group has researched adequately on this topic and covered the key areas necessary to inform your peers in their learning.
  10. Develops and edits the wiki entries in accordance with the above guidelines.
Project Pedagogy
Mark Hill.jpg

These projects extend far beyond the original "research poster concept". It requires ongoing participation from both the teacher and the student, if you are not prepared to have an ongoing contribution, do not even consider setting this type of assessment.

Students

  • Groups work independently throughout the semester on a specific topic the group has selected within the general topic set by the teacher.
  • Groups are assigned randomly by the teacher, do not want "friends" and "non-friends" groups.
  • Online work consists of the "project page" and the "discussion page" where student online interaction occurs.
  • Face-to-face time is allowed each week in the last 10 minutes of practical classes.
  • Projects are also presented to the class at a "work in progress" phase.
  • Each student carries out a "online written assessment" of all other projects late in the semester, when groups are near completion.
  • Groups then collate and use these "online written assessments" to edit their own project.

Teacher

  • Designs specific assessment criteria.
  • Designs the general topic and allocates groups.
  • Provides handouts and brief tutorials each week in practical class time on: basic editing, copyright/plagiarism , reference sources and referencing and uploading images.
  • Provides regular in-class advice, online comments and email support to queries and feedback.
  • Analyses project "edit history" and "discussion" comments to identify individual students not contributing to the project.
  • Analyses the final submitted project providing specific online feedback.


UNSW Learning and Teaching Seminar 2012

Practical Issues

Teams

1. Project Team Selection - co-ordinator.
eft I have tried several methods and suggest that each group need a group co-ordinator. This can be simply asking students to identify from a list of descriptions which best fits their character. Students identified as completing an online project in semester 1 can be distributed in semester 2 classes. (See Belbin Team Inventory)
  1. Do not allow students to select their own team.
  2. Attempt to balance group composition.
  3. Spread experienced students throughout different groups.
  4. Be prepared to reorganise the groups (course census date).
2. Project Team - which are working.
2011 Project Group 1-11 edits.jpg 2011 Talk Group 1-11 edits.jpg
All Project page edits by Group All Discussion page edits by Group

Training Tutorials

The following collapsed tables provide starting points for students during project work, you also have tutorials built into practical classes and practice exercises for individual assessmet items.

2. Referencing
eft First Read the help page Referencing

All references used in making your project page should be cited where they appear in the text or images.

In page edit mode where XXXX is the PubMed ID number use the following code.

<ref name=”PMIDXXXX”><pubmed>XXXX</pubmed></ref>

For references not listed on PubMed, and text can be inserted between <ref></ref> tags.

Where the reference list will appear make a new section and on a new line the following code. <references/>

3. Uploading Images
eft First Read the help page Images

A tutorial will be provided towards the end of the lab in uploading images.

The image must first be uploaded to the site.

  1. Open the left hand menu item “Toolbox” and click “Upload file” and a new window will open.
  2. Click the button ”Choose file” and navigate to where the image is located on your computer and double click the file.
  3. The window will now show the file name in the “Source filename” window.
  4. You can then rename the uploaded file in the “Destination filename” window.
  5. Add a description of the image to the “Summary” window. Note the description must include:
    1. An image name as a section heading.
    2. Any further description of what the image shows.
    3. A subsection labeled “Reference” and under this the original image source, appropriate reference and all copyright information.
    4. Finally a template indicating that this is a student image. {{Template:Student Image}}

Images not including the above information will be deleted by the course coordinator and be considered in the student assessment process.

Students cannot delete uploaded images. Contact the course coordinator with the file address.

Literature Researching Strategies

  • Identify key resource journals - content use.
  • Key concepts.
  • Historic vs current research topics.
  • Outside of the research literature - textbooks, research laboratories, other resources.

Copyright

Copyright Tutorial | For Students

Plagiarism

Student Advice

Currently all students originally assigned to each group are listed as equal authors/contributors to their project. If you have not contributed the content you had originally agreed to, nor participated in the group work process, then you should contact the course coordinator immediately and either discuss your contribution or request removal from the group author list. Remember that all student online contributions are recorded by date, time and the actual contributed content. A similar email reminder of this information was sent to all current students.

UNSW Advice: Policy regarding Plagiarism

In particular this example:

"Claiming credit for a proportion of work contributed to a group assessment item that is greater than that actually contributed;"

Academic Misconduct carries penalties. If a student is found guilty of academic misconduct, the penalties include warnings, remedial educative action, being failed in an assignment or excluded from the University for two years.

Please also read Copyright Tutorial with regard to content that can be used in your project.


Coordinator feedback: 2011 Project 3 example | Embryology

About Plagiarism
eft Plagiarism has many different components that could be applied to student submitted work. In the project work I am initially concerned that all written material is scientifically correctly acknowledged, and project images conform to copyright restrictions and are correctly cited (Turnitin analysis). The other aspect to plagiarism, that is often difficult to assess, is the proportionality of work contributed. This can be assessed either by students themselves or by the course coordinator. Note that the coordinator method I describe below is not chiefly designed to assess students who are working, but to identify those who are not.

Students

  1. During the project, students have generally provided a description (either informally verbally or directly by email to the coordinator) of how how their group is working and any workload issues they would like to highlight. These comments are around individuals not completing their assigned work or providing little interaction with the group.
  2. At completion of the project, students can provide a confidential description (therefore not shown here or published) of how their group worked and any workload issues they would like to highlight.

Course Coordinator

  1. There is an edit history (available to everyone) for both the project page (the assessable item) and discussion page (where group work is discussed).
  2. The simplest analysis (in terms of coordinator time) is to count the edits by individual students. This data could also be analysed in other ways, including whether there is an "ongoing" contribution.
  3. Edit history is pasted into a spreadsheet where a macro counts and graphs individual student edits. A simpler form was also shown for a comparison of groups with each other.
  4. These results are ranked, provided to all students, discussed briefly in class and also if required with individual students.


Peer Assessment

Project timeline.png

Student Advice

ANAT2341 Embryology Lab 8 - Online Assessment | ANAT2341 Cell Biology Lab 8 - Online Assessment

Individual assessment this week relates to your group project.

  1. Each student should now look at each of the other Group projects in the class.
  2. Next prepare a critical assessment (should include both positive and negative issues) of each project using the project assessment criteria.
  3. This assessment should be pasted without signature on the top of the specific project's discussion page (minimum length 3-5 paragraphs/project).
  4. This critical assessment should also be pasted on your own student page. Each student should therefore have 5 separate reports pasted on their own page for this assessment item. Length, quality and accuracy of your reports will be part of the overall mark for this assessment (there will be a greater loading on this than simple question assessments).


Student Example: Embryology


Group Assessment Criteria
Mark Hill.jpg
The assessment criteria was based upon those designed for the Medicine student Wikis.
  1. The key points relating to the topic that your group allocated are clearly described.
  2. The choice of content, headings and sub-headings, diagrams, tables, graphs show a good understanding of the topic area.
  3. Content is correctly cited and referenced.
  4. The wiki has an element of teaching at a peer level using the student's own innovative diagrams, tables or figures and/or using interesting examples or explanations.
  5. Evidence of significant research relating to basic and applied sciences that goes beyond the formal teaching activities.
  6. Relates the topic and content of the Wiki entry to learning aims of embryology.
  7. Clearly reflects on editing/feedback from group peers and articulates how the Wiki could be improved (or not) based on peer comments/feedback. Demonstrates an ability to review own work when criticised in an open edited wiki format. Reflects on what was learned from the process of editing a peer's wiki.
  8. Evaluates own performance and that of group peers to give a rounded summary of this wiki process in terms of group effort and achievement.
  9. The content of the wiki should demonstrate to the reader that your group has researched adequately on this topic and covered the key areas necessary to inform your peers in their learning.
  10. Develops and edits the wiki entries in accordance with the above guidelines.

Concluding Remarks

I hope from this presentation you can see what is required to make online group projects really work. This includes a gradual evolution of timelines, ongoing feedback strategies and realistic student goals.

Key identified components have been:

  1. Tutorials that are well structured both online and in-class.
  2. Monitoring groups how they are progressing and providing feedback.
  3. Monitoring individuals how each member in a group is contributing.
  4. Peer assessment allowing students to assess others work and then allowing groups to improve their final submission based upon this process.


Given the brief time available for this presentation, I would suggest that you open the various collapsed tables and links shown on this current page for reading in your own time.

Links

External Links

Glossary Links

Glossary: A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z | Numbers | Symbols | Term Link

Cite this page: Hill, M.A. (2019, November 21) Embryology Medicine Learning and Teaching Forum 2012 - Online Projects. Retrieved from https://embryology.med.unsw.edu.au/embryology/index.php/Medicine_Learning_and_Teaching_Forum_2012_-_Online_Projects

What Links Here?
© Dr Mark Hill 2019, UNSW Embryology ISBN: 978 0 7334 2609 4 - UNSW CRICOS Provider Code No. 00098G