Immune System - Abnormalities
|Embryology - 18 Oct 2019 Expand to Translate|
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Some Recent Findings
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Search term: Immune System Abnormalities
<pubmed limit=5>Immune System Abnormalities</pubmed>
Type 1 Diabetes
Prevalence of type 1 diabetes among children aged 0–14 in Australia 2013
Type 1 diabetes is a non-preventable lifelong autoimmune disease, which is most commonly diagnosed in children. It is a difficult condition to manage, and if left untreated or improperly managed, can lead to many health complications or death. Ongoing, regular monitoring of type 1 diabetes is essential to improve Australia's ability to respond to this important health problem.
- In 2013, 6,091 children aged 0-14 had type 1 diabetes in Australia-representing 139 cases per 100,000 population, or about 1 in every 720 children in that age group.
- Rates of type 1 diabetes were similar for both boys and girls.
- Rates for children aged 10-14 were twice as high (278 cases per 100,000 population) as for children aged 5-9 (123 per 100,000), and more than 10 times as high as for children aged 0-4 (27 per 100,000).
- The Northern Territory had the lowest prevalence of type 1 diabetes in children (50 cases per 100,000 population), while Tasmania had the highest (166 per 100,000).
- Children living in Remote and very remote areas had the lowest prevalence of type 1 diabetes (82 cases per 100,000 population) compared with all other areas in Australia (where rates varied between 133 and 169 cases per 100,000 population).
- The prevalence of type 1 diabetes among children was relatively similar across socioeconomic groups.
- There were 167 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children with type 1 diabetes-equating to 69 cases per 100,000 Indigenous children, or 1 in almost 1,500.
- Just over 2 in 5 children (43%) with type 1 diabetes used a pump to administer insulin.
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- Diabetes Australia - Type 1 Diabetes
Cite this page: Hill, M.A. (2019, October 18) Embryology Immune System - Abnormalities. Retrieved from https://embryology.med.unsw.edu.au/embryology/index.php/Immune_System_-_Abnormalities
- © Dr Mark Hill 2019, UNSW Embryology ISBN: 978 0 7334 2609 4 - UNSW CRICOS Provider Code No. 00098G
- AIHW 2015. Prevalence of type 1 diabetes among children aged 0–14 in Australia 2013. Diabetes series no. 24. Cat. no. CVD 70. Canberra: AIHW.