File:Hypothalamus endocrine system.jpg
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Hypothalamus Endocrine Axis
- Note this cartoon depicts a fictional hybrid human with both female and male gonads.
Hypothalamus is a small region located within the brain that controls many bodily functions, including eating and drinking, sexual functions and behaviors, blood pressure and heart rate, body temperature maintenance, the sleep-wake cycle, and emotional states (e.g., fear, pain, anger, and pleasure). Hypothalamic hormones play pivotal roles in the regulation of many of those functions. Because the hypothalamus is part of the central nervous system, the hypothalamic hormones actually are produced by nerve cells (i.e., neurons).
Anterior pituitary produces several important hormones that either stimulate target glands (e.g., the adrenal glands, gonads, or thyroid gland) to produce target gland hormones or directly affect target organs. The pituitary hormones include adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH); gonadotropins; thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), also called thyrotropin; growth hormone (GH); and prolactin. Three of these hormones ACTH, gonadotropins, and TSH act on other glands.
Other Endocrine Axes
Unless otherwise noted in the text, all material appearing in this journal is in the public domain and may be reproduced without permission. Citation of the source is appreciated.
Cite this page: Hill, M.A. (2020, January 22) Embryology Hypothalamus endocrine system.jpg. Retrieved from https://embryology.med.unsw.edu.au/embryology/index.php/File:Hypothalamus_endocrine_system.jpg
- © Dr Mark Hill 2020, UNSW Embryology ISBN: 978 0 7334 2609 4 - UNSW CRICOS Provider Code No. 00098G
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|current||17:57, 15 May 2012||654 × 900 (60 KB)||Z8600021||==Hypothalamus Endocrine Axis== ===Reference=== <pubmed>15706790</pubmed> Unless otherwise noted in the text, all material appearing in this journal is in the public domain and may be reproduced without permission. Citation of the source is appreci|