Embryology History - G. Carl Huber

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G. Carl Huber (1865-1934)

G. (Gotthelf) Carl Huber (1865-1934) was a professor of anatomy at the Medical School, University of Michigan. His research related to neural systems and development:

"sympathetic nervous system, the structure of sensory nerve endings, the degeneration and regeneration of peripheral nerves and nerve endings, the development and structure of the uriniferous tubule, the blood supply of the mammalian kidney, the structure of the seminiferous tubule, the development of the albino rat, the notochord in mammalian embryos, and the comparative neurology of vertebrates."

He personally prepared all the histological materials used in his studies.

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G. Carl Huber (1865-1934) In Memoriam

by Stacy R. Guild, The Johns Hopkins University.

Guild SR. G. Carl Huber (1865-1934) In Memoriam. (1935) The Anatomical Record, Vol. 62(2): 3-6.

  • An address, in memory of G. Carl Huber, presented at the fifty-first Session of the American Association of Anatomists, convened at the Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri, April 18 to 20, 1935.

Doctor Huber’s parents were German Swiss, and were missionaries in Hoobly, India, at the time of his birth, August 30, 1865. They came to this country about 4 years later, before which time the young boy had learned to speak both German and a native dialect. English was thus his third language, but the one of all of his formal education until after graduation from the Medical School of the University of Michigan, in 1887.

In the autumn of that year Doctor Huber began his duties as an Assistant Demonstrator of Anatomy in his Alma Mater, soon after his twenty-second birthday. He spent 2 of the next 10 years abroad, studying mostly in Berlin and Prague, but remained continuously for over 47 years a member of the Faculty of the Medical School of the University of Michigan, rising steadily through intermediate academic ranks to the title of Professor of Anatomy and Director of the Anatomical Laboratories. To the duties of this position were added, during the last 8 years of his life, the important responsibilities of the Deanship of the Graduate School of the University.

These major appointments express the judgments of Doctor Huber ’s superiors in the University organization from time to time with respect to his ability as teacher, scientist, administrator and educator. Their high esteem for his ability is further testified to by the long list of important committees, both standing and special, of the Medical School and of the University, to which Doctor Huber was appointed.

The final proof of Doctor Huber’s devotion to the interests of his University, and of education in the Widest sense of the word, is afforded by the large amount of time he voluntarily gave to the Work of the Alumni Association of the University of Michigan. Most university professors spend part of a day once a year greeting former classmates and students; Doctor Huber, from 1897 until his death, devoted a total of many days each year to the affairs of this worldwide University organization.

The fact that he was selected as Chairman of the Medical Fellowship‘Board of the National Research Council during the last 8 years of his life, after serving as a member of this board for the preceding 6 years, is eloquent testimony as to the regard which leaders outside of his own University and specialty had for Doctor Huber ’s opinions and judgments. That he was willing to devote ‘much time to this activity for many years is an additional expression of his interest in the broad and in the specific problems of education.

Doctor Huber’s appointment as Assistant Demonstrator of Anatomy in 1887 antedated by a year the first ‘meeting of this Anatomical Association. As the national organization and the individual matured, his fellow anatomists from time to time gave several official expressions of their judgment. Doctor Huber was an officer of this Association for, 16 consecutive years; being Second Vice-President in 1900 and 1901, Secretary-Treasurer from 1902 to 1913, and President in 1914 and 1915. He was a member of the Editorial Board of The American Journal of Anatomy from its founding in 1901 until 1920; and was likewise a member of the Editorial Board that published the first three volumes of The Anatomical Record after its founding in 1906, then Managing Editor until 1920. He was a member of the Advisory Board of The Wistar Institute of Anatomy and Biology from the date of establishment of this Board, in 1905, until his death.

Doctor Huber gave of his best to every task that he undertook, and the many duties that he was asked to assume testify to the manner in which he carried out the preceding enterprises.

In his scientific work Doctor Huber emphasized morphology rather than function. He disliked the term ‘physiological anatomy,’ saying that although function is of course dependent upon structure, one must, at any given time, study either structure or function. He believed that there was so much yet to be learned about structure that the study of morphology could well occupy all of the time of all anatomists, and that strict adherence to this program would, in the course of years, serve to advance the accurate knowledge of life as a whole more rapidly than ensues when the specialist leaves his own field. He regarded anatomy as the truly basic science of all of medicine, and believed that the intensive cultivation 015 this field by qualified specialists will continue to yield basic knowledge fully as valuable for the Welfare of mankind as is that already known.

Doctor Huber’s investigations added new facts to many topics, the major contributions being to the knowledge of the finer structure of the sympathetic nervous system, the structure of sensory nerve endings, the degeneration and regeneration of peripheral nerves and nerve endings, the development and structure of the uriniferous tubule, the blood supply of the mammalian kidney, the structure of the seminiferous tubule, the development of the albino rat, the notochord in mammalian embryos, and the comparative neurology of vertebrates.

The evidence for each conclusion that he published Was particularly convincing because of the technical excellence of his preparations. Himself a skilled technician, an ability of which he was justly proud, Doctor Huber personally prepared for study all of the material used in his investigations. Not only did he embed, cut, stain and mount his own sections, but he cleaned the slides and cover glasses for these sections, and when models were to be made he rolled the wax into plates of the required thickness. Also, he made the drawings for the publications; these illustrations were never crude sketches, but were good examples of the graphic techniques he employed.

For each phase of each topic that he studied Doctor Huber checked and rechecked the validity of existing concepts; thus, besides contributing new facts, his investigations often furnished evidence stronger than the original for conclusions others had previously reported. Conservatism in statement, combined with his meticulous technique and unusual knowledge of anatomical literature, make the conclusions in Doctor Huber’s publications firm foundations to build on.

As a man Doctor Huber was strong, vigorous, positive. These characteristics impressed even the casual acquaintance; longer association with him revealed a capacity for sustained work far beyond the limits of endurance of most men, and a very strong sense of personal responsibility. The combination of the latter two traits accounts for his life-long habit of attending personally to much of the routine and detail, both administrative and scientific, that most men delegate to assistants or to clerical help. This habit of doing everything himself has been interpreted by some of those associated With him in various activities as a reflection upon their own ability or trustworthiness: the true significance is, I believe, well expressed by the words with which Doctor Huber on one occasion declined my offer to relieve him of a routine task——“But I am the one responsible, if a mistake is made no one else can be blamed.” The key to an understanding of many aspects of Doctor H.uber’s life is, in my opinion, recognition of his unusually strong sense of personal responsibility.

Doctor Huber enjoyed the contacts with his students, and especially with the undergraduates. He felt very keenly the responsibility of having to make decisions with respect to their scholastic abilities. His sense of responsibility to the public and to the medical profession would not permit him to be lax in grading examinations, but his sense of fairness to the students impelled Doctor Huber to make every possible effort to teach the subject matter thoroughly. With but very occasional exceptions, he himself gave every lecture in every course in histology and embryology, and in nervous anatomy, during his long teaching career. He was present in the laboratory throughout most of each session, personally directing the work of the individual students. Thus, even with the very large classes of entering students (over 200 frequently, in the later years) he soon knew each one by sight and by name and as to habits of work. For the student who learned slowly but who worked steadily, he would do everything possible. Formal pedagogical methods did not meet with Doctor Huber ’s approval, however. He believed that the best teacher is the one with the best knowledge of the subject to be taught. “If a person really knows a subject, others can learn it from him.” Along the same vein of thought he has many times said that one does not know anatomy until for him it has become a ‘denkende Anatomic.’ To Doctor Huber this idiomatic German phrase meant knowing it so well that the knowledge was an integral part of one ’s mind and required no eflfort for its utilization.

The students recognized his sincere interest in them, and many consulted him about their personal problems. Their nickname for him is an excellent expression of their appreciation of his attitude toward them; ‘Pa’ Huber, always spoken with an affectionate’ intonation: I have never heard it otherwise.

Doctor Huber died in’ his seventieth year, on December’ 26, 1934. His is an eminent record of responsibilities accepted and of work accomplished; a record of conscientious and intelligent service to his chosen science, to his Medical School and his University, to education and to mankind. His scientific work has, to a remarkable degree, stood the test of time. It is more difficult to evaluate inexact terms the contributions made by his participation in other activities, but certainly this intangible part of the record gives him a high rank among the leaders of his generation. His altruism may have diminished the output of scientific papers from his own pen and from his laboratory; but had he been less devoted to the broader interests of life he would not have been himself, the beloved Doctor Huber of Michigan.

Bibliography of G. Carl Huber

Compiled by Elizabeth L. Thompson, Department of Anatomy, University of Michigan.

  • Acknowledgment is made of the aid extended by the library stafl of the University of Michigan. PDF

1. Observations on the unity of phthisis and tuberculosis. Tr. Mich. State Med. Soc., vol. 13, pp. 64-69, 1889; also Med. News, vol. 55, pp. 7-8, 1889.

2. (With William H. Howell.) Physiology of the communicating branch between the superior and the inferior laryngeal nerves. J. Physiol., vol. 12, pp. 5-11, 1891.

3. (With William H. Howell.) A physiological, histological, and clinical study of the degeneration and regeneration in peripheral nerve fibers after severance of their connections with the nerve centers. Parts I and II, J. Physiol., vol. 13, pp. 335-406, 1892; Part III, vol. 14, pp. 1-51, 1893.

4. Ueber das Verhalten der Kerne der SchWann’schen Scheide bei Nervendegenerationen. Arch. f. mikr. Anat., Bd. 40, S. 409-417, 1892.

5. Zur Technik der Golgi’schen Farbung. Anat. Anz., Bd. 7, S. 587-588, 1892; also, Zeitschr. f. Wissensch. Mikr. u. f. mikr. Technik, Bd. 9, S. 479-480, 1892.

6. Directions for work in the histological laboratory, for the use of medical classes in the University of Michigan. G. Wahr, Ann Arbor. 1892. Second edition: Directions for work in the histological laboratory, more especially arranged for the use of classes in the University of Michigan. 1895. Third edition: Laboratory work in histology. 1900.

7. A study of the operative treatment for loss of nerve substance in peripheral nerves. J. Morph., vol. 11, pp. 629-740, 1895.

8. Observations on the innervation of the sublingual and submaxillary glands. J. Exp. Med., vol. 1, pp. 281-295, 1896.

9. The spinal ganglia of Amphibia. Anat. Anz., Bd. 12, S. 417-425, 1896.

10. Nerve suturing and nerve implantation. Tr. Mich. State Med. Soc., vol. 20, pp. 56-82, 1896; also Internat. J. Surg., vol. 10, pp. 41-45, 80-82, 105-108, 1897.

11. A brief account of some observations on the sympathetic ganglia of vertebrates. Brit. Med. J ., 1897, vol. 2, pp. 1398-1401 (abstract, p. 881), 1897.

12. Lectures on the sympathetic nervous system. J. Comp. N eur., vol. 7, pp. 73-145, 1897.

13. (With Lydia M. A. DeWitt.) A contribution on the motor nerve-endings and on the nerve-endings in the musclespindles. J. Comp. Neur., vol. 7, pp. 169-230, 1897 .

14. (With Lydia M. A. DeWitt.) The innervation of motor tissues, with especial reference to nerve-endings in the sensory muscle-spindles. Rep. Brit. Asoc. Adv. Sc., vol. 67, p. 810, M 1898.

15. Sensory nerve-endings in striated muscle. Tr. Mich. State Med. Soc., vol. 22, pp. 326-335, 1898.

16. The innervation of the tooth-pulp. Dental Cosmos, vol. 40, pp. 797-811, 1898; also, Correspbl. f. Zahnartze, Bd. 28, 1898.

17. Notes on microscopical technique. The hardening of tissues for microscopical examination, pp. 39-41. The methylen blue method for staining nerve tissues, pp. 64-67. Imbedding tissues for cutting sections, pp. 70-72. The use of formalin in the silver nitrate method of staining endothelial cells, p. 83. A note on the mounting of Golgi preparations, p. 85. Section cutting, pp. 85-88. Section staining, pp. 102105. Methods for microscopic examination of human blood, pp. 132-135. Mounting sections, pp. 156-157. J. Applied Micros., vol. 1, 1898.

18. Observations on the innervation of. the intracranial vessels. Proc. Am. Physiol. Soc., Am. J. Physiol., vol. 2, p. 12; also J. Comp. Neur., vol. 9, pp. 1-25, 1898.

19. Medical laboratories. Mich. Alumnus, vol. 4, pp. 258262, 305-310, 362-368, 1898.

20. A brief account of the minute anatomy of the sympathetic nervous system and its relation to the cerebro-spinal nervous system. Tr. Mich. State Med. Soc., vol. 23, pp. 398408, 1899.

21. A brief summary of some of the more recent observations on sensory nerve-endings. The Physician and Surgeon, vol. 21, pp. 496-507, 1899.

22. A contribution on the minute anatomy of the sympathetic ganglia of the difl"erent classes of vertebrates. J. Morph., vol. 16, pp. 27-90, 1899.

23. A note on sensory nerve—endings in the extrinsic eyemuscles of the rabbit; atypical motor-endings of Retzius. Anat. Anz., Bd. 15, S. 335-342, 1899; also, Proc. Am. Physiol. Soc., Am. J. Physiol., vol. 2, p. 16, 1899.

24. Postgraduate Work for dental students. Dental J ., vol. 8, pp. 121-124, 1899.

25. A textbook of histology, including microscopic technic. By A. A. Biihm and H. Von Davidoff; authorized translation from second revised German edition by Herbert N. Cushing. Edited, with extensive additions to both text and illustrations, by G. Carl Huber. W. B. Saunders Company, Philadelphia and London. 1900. Reprinted, 1901; second p edition, thoroughly revised, 1904; reprinted, 1905, 1906, 1908, 1909, 1910, 1911, 1916, 1920, 1926.

26. Observations on the degeneration and regeneration of motor and sensory nerve endings in voluntary muscle. Am. J. Physiol., vol. 3, pp. 339-344, 1900.

27. Observations on sensory nerve—fibers in visceral nerves, and on their modes of terminating. J. Comp. Neur., vol. 10, pp. 135-151, 1900.

28. Sensory nerve terminations in the tendons of the extrinsic eye-muscles of the cat. J. Comp. Neur., vol. 10, pp. 152-158, 1900.

29. (With Lydia M. A. DeWitt.) A contribution on the nerve terminations in neurotendinous end-organs. J. Comp. Neur., vol. 10, pp. 159-208, 1900.

30. Studies on the neuroglia. Am. J. Anat., vol. 1, pp. 4561, 1901.

31. Neuroglia of the optic nerve. Proc. Assoc. Am. Anat., Am. J. Anat., vol. 1, p. 519, 1902.

32. Note on the structure of the motor nerve endings in voluntary muscle. Proc. Assoc. Am. Anat., Am. J. Anat., vol. 1, p. 520, 1902.

33. Neuro-muscular spindles in the intercostal muscles of the cat. Proc. Assoc. Am. Anat., Am. J. Anat., vol. 1, pp. 520-521, 1902.

34. The new medical building of the University of Michigan. Mich. Alumnus, vol. 8, pp. 197-205, 1902. Reprinted as Univ. Bulletin, N. S., vol. 3, no. 3, 1902.

35. Atlas and epitome of human histology and microscopic anatomy, by Johannes Sobotta; authorized translation from the German by Lydia M. A. DeWitt. Edited, with extensive additions, by G. Carl Huber. W. B. Saunders Company, Philadelphia and London, 1903.

36. Studies on neuroglia tissue. Contributions to Medical Research, dedicated to Victor Clarence Vaughan, Department of Medicine and Surgery, University of Michigan. G. VVahr, Ann Arbor. Pp. 578-620, 1903.

37. Structure of neuroglia. J. Nerv. and Ment. Dis., vol. 30, p. 298, 1903.

38. Structure of neuroglia tissue. Illinois Med. J ., N. S., vol. 4, pp. 641-642, 1903.

39. Abram Sager, A.M., M.D.: His life and services. (A paper read on Founders’ Day, February 22, 1902). Mich. Alumnus, Vol. 9, pp. 197-205, 1903; also, The Physician and Surgeon, vol. 26, pp. 481-491, 1904.

40. (With E. W. Adamson.) A contribution on the morphology of the sudoriparous and allied glands. Contributions to Medical Research, dedicated to Victor Clarence Vaughan,

Department of Medicine and Surgery, University of Michigan. G. Wahr, Ann Arbor. Pp. 365-389, 1903.

41. On the development and shape of uriniferous tubules of certain of the higher mammals. Am. J. Anat., vol. 4 (Suppl.), pp. 1-98, 1905.

42. The arteriolae rectae of the mammalian kidney. Brit. Med. J ., vol. 2, p. 1700, 1906.

43. The morphology of the uriniferous tubule of the reptilian kidney. Brit. Med. J ., vol. 2, p. 1701, 1906.

44. On a rapid method of preparing large numbers of sections. Zeitschr. f. wissensch. Mikr. u. f. mikr. Technik, Bd. 23, S. 187-196, 1906.

45. On the veins of the kidneys of certain mammals. Anat. Rec., vol. 1, pp. 75-76, 1907.

46. The arteriolae rectae of the mammalian kidney. Am. J . Anat., vol. 6, pp. 391-406, 1907.

47. The organs of digestion. By Arthur Hensman and Sir Frederick Treves. Revised by G. Carl Huber. In: Morris’ Human Anatomy, fourth edition, edited by J . P. McMurrich. P. Blakiston’s Son and Co., Philadelphia. Part 4, pp. 10751128, 1907.

48. The ductless glands. By Sir Frederick Treves, Arthur Hensman and Arthur Robinson. Revised by G. Carl Huber. In: Morris’ Human Anatomy, fourth edition, edited by J . P. McMurrich. P. Blakiston’s Son and Co., Philadelphia. Part 4, pp. 1233-1243, 1907 .

49. The physiology and development of the ovum. In: Practice of obstetrics, by Reuben Peterson, section 1, chapts. 1 and 2, pp. 17-81, 1907.

50. “Stohr’s Histology Arranged Upon an Embryological Basis.” By Frederick T. Lewis. Reviewed by G. Carl Huber. Anat. Rec., vol. 1, pp. 152-154, 1907.

51. The morphology and structure of the mammalian renal tubule. The Harvey Lectures, delivered under the auspices of The Harvey Society of New York, 1909-1910. J . B. Lippincott Company, Philadelphia. Pp. 100-150, 1910.

52. A method for isolating the renal tubules of Mammalia. Anat. Rec., vol. 5, pp. 187-194, 1911.

53. The significance of the structure of the medullary loop of the renal tubule of Mammalia. Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. and Med., vol. 8, pp. 95-96, 1911.

54. On the relation of the chorda dorsalis to the anlage of the pharyngeal bursa or median pharyngeal recess. Anat. Rec., vol. 6, pp. 373-404, 1912.

55. The morphology of the sympathetic system. Reported at the XVIIth International Congress of Medicine, London, 1913. Tr. Internat. Congr. Med. (1913), section 1, Anatomy and Embryology, pp. 211-237, 1914. Reprinted, Folia Neurobiolog., Bd. 7, S. 616-639, 1914.

56. (With George M. Curtis.) The morphology of the seminiferous tubules of Mammalia. Anat. Rec., vol. 7, pp. 207-219, 1913.

57. (With Stacy R. Guild.) Observations on the peripheral distribution of the nervus terminalis in Mammalia. Anat. Rec., vol. 7, pp. 253-272, 1913.

58. (With Stacy R. Guild.) Observations on the histogenesis of protoplasmic processes and of collaterals, terminating in end bulbs, of the neurones of peripheral sensory ganglia. Anat. Rec., vol. 7, pp. 331-353, 1913.

59. Anatomy. American Yearbook, Division of the Medical Sciences. D. Appleton and C0., New York and London. Pp. 710-713, 1913; pp. 680-684, 1914; pp. 675-680, 1915; pp. 673680, 1916; pp. 637-644, 1917.

60. Huber GC. The Development of the Albino Rat (Mus norvegicus albinus). (1915) J Morphol. 26(2).

61. The development of the albino rat, from the end of the first to the tenth day after insemination. Anat. Rec., VOl. 9, pp. 84-88, 1915.

62. The renal tubules of birds. Anat. Rec., vol. 10, pp. 201202, 1916.

63. On the form and arrangement in fasciculi of striated voluntary muscle fibers. Anat. Rec., vol. 11, pp. 149-168, 1916.

64. A note on the structure of the elastica interna of arteries. Anat. Rec., vol. 11, pp. 169-175, 1916. 9

65. A note on the morphology of the seminiferous tubules of birds. Anat. Rec., vol. 11, pp. 177-180, 1916.

66. On the morphology of the renal tubules of vertebrates. Anat. Rec., vol. 13, pp. 305-339, 1917.

67. Operative treatment of peripheral nerves after severance, more particularly after loss of substance—a critical review. J. Lab. and Clin. Med., vol. 2, pp. 837-848, 1917 .

68. (With Arnold H. Eggerth.) On the morphogenesis of the papilla foliata of the rabbit. Anat. Rec., vol. 13, pp. 341357, 1917.

69. On the anlage and morphogenesis of the chorda dorsalis in Mammalia, in particular the guinea pig (Cavia cobaya). Anat. Rec., vol. 14, pp. 217-264, 1918.

70. Franklin Paine Mall, 1862-1917. Anat. Rec., vol. 14, pp. 1-17, 1918.

71. Transplantation of peripheral nerves. Arch. N eurol. and Psychiat., vol. 2, pp. 466-476, 1919; also Tr. Chicago Path. Soc., vol. 11, pp. 25-46, 1919. Completed in Arch. Neurol. and Psychiat., vol. 3, pp. 437-438, 1920.

72. Repair of peripheral nerve injuries. Surg., Gynec. and Obst., vol. 30, pp. 464-471, 1920.

73. (With Dean Lewis.) Amputation neuromas: their development and prevention. Tr. Am. Surg. Assoc., vol. 38, pp. 231-271, 1920; also, Arch. Surg., vol. 1, pp. 85-113, 1920.

74. Nerve degeneration and regeneration. In: Surgical and mechanical treatment of peripheral nerves, by Byron Stookey. W. B. Saunders Company, Philadelphia and London. Chapt. 2, pp. 41-79, 1920.

75. (With M. J. Grreenman.) Celebration of the 20th anniversary of the organization of the Advisory Board, 19051925. Wistar Institute Press, Philadelphia. Pp. 53-67, 1925.

Elizabeth Caroline Crosby (1888-1983)

76. (With Elizabeth C. Crosby.) On thalamic and tectal nuclei and fiber paths in the brain of the American alligator. J. Comp. Neur., vol. 40, pp. 97-227, 1926.

77. Experimental observations on peripheral nerve repair. In: The Medical Department of the United States Army in the World War. U. S. Govt. Printing Office, Washington, D. C. Vfol 11 (Surgery),pp.1091-1283,1927.

78. New method of fixation and staining of the central nervous system for purpose of study of cytoarchitecture. Contributions to Medical Science, dedicated to Aldred Scott Warthin. G. Wahr, Ann Arbor. Pp. 1-12, 1927.

79. Renal tubules. In: Special Cytology. The form and functions of the cell in health and disease, edited by E. V. Cowdry. P. Hoeber, New York. Vol. 1, section 19, pp. 661702, 1928. Revised in second edition (Cowdry, ’32) and new material added, appearing in vol. 2, section 24, pp. 933-977, 1932.

80. Report of the Committee on Research. Mich. Alumnus, vol.34,p.666,1928.

81. (With Elizabeth C. Crosby.) Somatic and visceral connections of the diencephalon. Arch. Neurol. and Psychiat., vol. 22, pp. 187-229, 1929. Reprinted in: The vegetative nervous system, edited by Walter Timme, Thomas K. Davis and Henry Alsop Riley. The Williams and Wilkins Company, Baltimore. Research Publ. Assoc. Research in Nerv. and hlent.Ifisease,vol.9,pp.199-248,1930.

82. (With Elizabeth C. Crosby.) The nuclei and fiber paths of the avian diencephalon, with consideration of telencephalic and certain mesencephalic centers a.nd connections. J. Comp. Neur., vol. 48, pp. 1-225, 1929.

83. Human anatomy, including structure and development and practical considerations. By George Piersol. Ninth edition, revised under the supervision of G. Carl Huber. J. B. Lippincott Company, Philadelphia, 1930.

84. (With James D. Bruce.) Noted Alumnus-teacher passes away——an appreciation of Preston M. Hickey. Mich. Alumnus, voL 37,pp.108—114,1930.

85. Laboratory of comparative neurology. Mich. Alumnus, voL 38,pp.265—266,270,1932.

86. (With Elizabeth C. Crosby.) A phylogenetic consideration of the optic tectum. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sc., vol. 19, pp. 15-22, 1933.

87. (With Elizabeth C. Crosby.) The reptilian optic tectum. In anniversary Volume dedicated to C. Judson Herrick. J. Comp. N eur., vol. 57, pp. 57-163, 1933.

88. (With Elizabeth C. Crosby.) The influences of afierent paths on the cytoarchitectonic structure of the submammalian optic tectum. Feestbundel aan Prof. Dr. C. U. Ariéns Kappers. Psychiat. en neurol. Bl., pp. 459-474, 1934.

89. The form and structure of the mammalian renal tubule. In: Kidney in health and disease, edited by Hilding Berglund and Grace Medes, with the collaboration of G. Carl Huber, Warfield T. Longcope and Alfred N. Richards. Lea and Febiger, Philadelphia and New York. Part 1, chapt. 1, pp. 1—18,1935.

90. (With C. U. Ariéns Kappers and Elizabeth C. Crosby.) The comparative anatomy of the nervous system of vertebrates including man. The Macmillan Company, New York. 2 vols., 1936.

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