Embryology History - Conrad Waddington

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A personal message from Dr Mark Hill (May 2020)  
Mark Hill.jpg
I have decided to take early retirement in September 2020. During the many years online I have received wonderful feedback from many readers, researchers and students interested in human embryology. I especially thank my research collaborators and contributors to the site. The good news is Embryology will remain online and I will continue my association with UNSW Australia. I look forward to updating and including the many exciting new discoveries in Embryology!
Conrad Hal Waddington (1905 – 1975)
Conrad Hal Waddington (1905 – 1975)

Introduction

Conrad Hal Waddington CBE FRS FRSE (1905 – 1975) was a British developmental biologist, paleontologist, geneticist, embryologist and philosopher who laid the foundations for systems biology, epigenetics, and evolutionary developmental biology. His theory of genetic assimilation had a Darwinian explanation, leading evolutionary biologists including Theodosius Dobzhansky and Ernst Mayr considered that Waddington was using genetic assimilation to support so-called Lamarckian inheritance, the acquisition of inherited characteristics through the effects of the environment during an organism's lifetime. He had wide interests that included poetry and painting, as well as left-wing political leanings. In his book The Scientific Attitude (1941), he touched on political topics such as central planning, and praised Marxism as a "profound scientific philosophy".

(text modified from Wikipedia)


Embryologists: William Hunter | Wilhelm Roux | Caspar Wolff | Wilhelm His | Oscar Hertwig | Julius Kollmann | Hans Spemann | Francis Balfour | Charles Minot | Ambrosius Hubrecht | Charles Bardeen | Franz Keibel | Franklin Mall | Florence Sabin | George Streeter | George Corner | James Hill | Jan Florian | Thomas Bryce | Thomas Morgan | Ernest Frazer | Francisco Orts-Llorca | José Doménech Mateu | Frederic Lewis | Arthur Meyer | Robert Meyer | Erich Blechschmidt | Klaus Hinrichsen | Hideo Nishimura | Arthur Hertig | John Rock | Viktor Hamburger | Mary Lyon | Nicole Le Douarin | Robert Winston | Fabiola Müller | Ronan O'Rahilly | Robert Edwards | John Gurdon | Shinya Yamanaka | Embryology History | Category:People
Related Histology Researchers  
Santiago Ramón y Cajal | Camillo Golgi

Textbook

Waddington CH. Principles of Embryology (1956) The MacMillan Co., New York

References

Waddington CH. (2012). The epigenotype. 1942. Int J Epidemiol , 41, 10-3. PMID: 22186258 DOI.

Waddington CH. (2006). The genetic basis of the 'assimilated bithorax' stock. 1957. J. Genet. , 85, 101-5. PMID: 17072078 DOI.

Waddington CH & Thom R. (1981). On cell differentiation (correspondence). Riv. Biol. , 74, 213-27. PMID: 7025182

Waddington CH. (1974). Operations research. Science , 183, 1141. PMID: 17789202 DOI.

Waddington CH. (1974). A catastrophe theory of evolution. Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. , 231, 32-42. PMID: 4522894 DOI.

Waddington CH. (1973). Advances in molecular genetics: introduction. Br. Med. Bull. , 29, 185-7. PMID: 4807320 DOI.

Waddington CH. (1972). A counter-homily. Nature , 239, 417-8. PMID: 12635315 DOI.

Waddington CH. (1971). Working Europeans. Nature , 233, 433. PMID: 16063418 DOI.

Waddington CH & Cowe RJ. (1969). Computer simulation of a mulluscan pigmentation pattern. J. Theor. Biol. , 25, 219-25. PMID: 5383503 DOI.

Waddington CH. (1969). Gene regulation in higher cells. Science , 166, 639-40. PMID: 5823305 DOI.

Waddington CH. (1969). Types of high molecular weight RNA in embryos. Nature , 224, 269-70. PMID: 5344603 DOI.

Waddington CH & Robertson E. (1969). Determination, activation and actinomycin D insensitivity in the optic imaginal disk of Drosophila. Nature , 221, 933-5. PMID: 5765504 DOI.

Waddington CH. (1969). Homeostasis of information in American embryology?. Science , 163, 423. PMID: 4883463 DOI.

Waddington CH. (1969). Some European contributions to the prehistory of molecular biology. Nature , 221, 318-21. PMID: 4884840 DOI.

Waddington CH. (1968). Towards a theoretical biology. Nature , 218, 525-7. PMID: 5650959 DOI.

Waddington CH. (1968). A british perspective on american science policy. Science , 160, 46-8. PMID: 17808777 DOI.

Waddington CH. (1967). The principle of archetypes in evolution. Wistar Inst Symp Monogr , 5, 113-5. PMID: 6051122

Waddington CH. (1966). The nucleolus--retrospect and prospect. Natl Cancer Inst Monogr , 23, 563-72. PMID: 5963990

Waddington CH & Robertson E. (1966). Selection for developmental canalisation. Genet. Res. , 7, 303-12. PMID: 5940870 DOI.

Perry MM & Waddington CH. (1966). Ultrastructure of the blastopore cells in the newt. J Embryol Exp Morphol , 15, 317-30. PMID: 5964280

Waddington CH. (1966). Mendel and the study of development. Proc. R. Soc. Lond., B, Biol. Sci. , 164, 219-29. PMID: 4379512 DOI.

Waddington CH & Perry MM. (1966). Peri-nuclear structures in late anaphase in some amphibian mesenchyme cells. Exp. Cell Res. , 41, 694-6. PMID: 4952061 DOI.

Waddington CH & Perry MM. (1966). A note on the mechanisms of cell deformation in the neural folds of the Amphibia. Exp. Cell Res. , 41, 691-3. PMID: 4952060 DOI.

Waddington CH & Perkowska E. (1965). Synthesis of ribonucleic acid by different regions of the early amphibian embryo. Nature , 207, 1244-6. PMID: 5884635 DOI.

Waddington CH. (1965). Autogenous cellular periodicities as (a) temporal templates and (b) the basis of "morphogenetic fields". J. Theor. Biol. , 8, 367-9. PMID: 5876246 DOI.

WADDINGTON CH & PERRY MM. (1963). Helical arrangement of ribosomes in differentiating muscle cells. Exp. Cell Res. , 30, 599-600. PMID: 13998161 DOI.

Waddington CH. (1963). Ultrastructure aspects of cellular differentiation. Symp. Soc. Exp. Biol. , 17, 85-97. PMID: 5849047

Waddington CH. (1962). Letter to the Editor. Science , 135, 976-9. PMID: 17816119 DOI.

WADDINGTON CH. (1961). Molecular biology or ultrastructural biology?. Nature , 190, 184. PMID: 13782405 DOI.

WADDINGTON CH. (1961). Genetic assimilation. Adv. Genet. , 10, 257-93. PMID: 14004267 DOI.

WADDINGTON CH & OKADA E. (1960). Some degenerative phenomena in Drosophila ovaries. J Embryol Exp Morphol , 8, 341-8. PMID: 13782404

Waddington CH. (1960). Evolutionary systems-animal and human. Eugen Rev , 52, 23-9. PMID: 21260788

OKADA E & WADDINGTON CH. (1959). The submicroscopic structure of the Drosophila egg. J Embryol Exp Morphol , 7, 583-97. PMID: 14428506

WADDINGTON CH. (1959). Canalization of development and genetic assimilation of acquired characters. Nature , 183, 1654-5. PMID: 13666847 DOI.

WADDINGTON CH. (1959). [Evolutionary systems; animal and human]. Nature , 183, 1634-8. PMID: 13666845 DOI.

Waddington CH. (1959). "Feedback" in Evolution. Science , 129, 1580. PMID: 17742344 DOI.

WADDINGTON CH & SIRLIN JL. (1959). The changing pattern of amino acid incorporation in developing mesoderm cells. Exp. Cell Res. , 17, 582-5. PMID: 13672229 DOI.

Glass DV, Darlington CD & Waddington CH. (1959). The control of evolution in man. Eugen Rev , 51, 25-33. PMID: 21260766

WADDINGTON CH. (1959). Evolutionary adaptation. Perspect. Biol. Med. , 2, 379-401. PMID: 13667389 DOI.

WADDINGTON CH & PERRY M. (1958). Effects of some amino-acid and purine antagonists on chick embryos. J Embryol Exp Morphol , 6, 365-72. PMID: 13575649

WADDINGTON CH. (1958). A note on the effects of some cytotoxic substances on amphibian embryos. J Embryol Exp Morphol , 6, 363-4. PMID: 13575648

SIRLIN JL & WADDINGTON CH. (1956). Cell sites of protein synthesis in the early chick embryo, as indicated by autoradiographs. Exp. Cell Res. , 11, 197-205. PMID: 13356840 DOI.

WADDINGTON CH & MANCUSO V. (1955). The effects of some purines and purine-analogues on ascidian embryos. Exp. Cell Res. , 9, 369-71. PMID: 13262054 DOI.

Pantelouris EM & Waddington CH. (1955). Regulation capacities of the wing- and halterediscs of wild type and bithoraxDrosophila. Wilhelm Roux Arch Entwickl Mech Org , 147, 539-546. PMID: 28354063 DOI.

WADDINGTON CH, FELDMAN M & PERRY MM. (1955). Some specific developmental effects of purine antagonists. Exp. Cell Res. , , 366-80. PMID: 13344492

WADDINGTON CH. (1955). On a case of quantitative variation on either side of the wild type. Z Indukt Abstamm Vererbungsl , 87, 208-28. PMID: 13312465 DOI.

SIRLIN JL & WADDINGTON CH. (1954). Nuclear uptake of glycine-2-14C in the newt embryo. Nature , 174, 309. PMID: 13185295 DOI.

WADDINGTON CH & PANTELOURIS EM. (1953). Transplantation of nuclei in newt's eggs. Nature , 172, 1050-1. PMID: 13111257 DOI.

WADDINGTON CH. (1952). Prof. E. G. Conklin. Nature , 170, 1046. PMID: 13013309 DOI.

WADDINGTON CH. (1952). Selection of the genetic basis for an acquired character. Nature , 169, 625-6. PMID: 14929255 DOI.

WADDINGTON CH. (1952). Selection of the genetic basis for an acquired character. Nature , 169, 278. PMID: 14910749 DOI.

WADDINGTON CH & CARTER TC. (1952). Malformations in mouse embryos induced by trypan blue. Nature , 169, 27-8. PMID: 14910676 DOI.

WADDINGTON CH & MASON IL. (1951). Institute of Animal Genetics Edinburgh. Research , 4, 315-9. PMID: 14854277

WADDINGTON CH. (1950). Processes of induction in the early development of the chick. Annee Biol , 54, 711-7. PMID: 14820027

WADDINGTON CH. (1950). A discussion on the measurement of growth and form; the biological foundations of measurements of growth and form. Proc. R. Soc. Lond., B, Biol. Sci. , 137, 509-15. PMID: 14797665 DOI.

WADDINGTON CH. (1950). Passage of phosphorus-32 from dried yeast into amphibian gastrula ectoderm. Nature , 166, 566-7. PMID: 14780149 DOI.

WADDINGTON CH & YAO T. (1950). Studies on regional specificity within the organization centre of urodeles. J. Exp. Biol. , 27, 126-44. PMID: 14794849

WADDINGTON CH & GOODHART CB. (1949). Location of absorbed carcinogens within the amphibian cell. Q J Microsc Sci , 90 Pt. 2, 209-19. PMID: 18132295

WADDINGTON CH. (1948). Operational research. Nature , 161, 404. PMID: 18932610 DOI.

Waddington CH. (1939). Preliminary Notes on the Development of the Wings in Normal and Mutant Strains of Drosophila. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. , 25, 299-307. PMID: 16577903 DOI.

Waddington CH. (1936). THE PROBLEMS OF EMBRYOLOGY. Br Med J , 2, 862-4. PMID: 20780213 DOI.

Waddington CH & Schmidt GA. (1933). Induction by heteroplastic grafts of the primitive streak in birds. Wilhelm Roux Arch Entwickl Mech Org , 128, 522-563. PMID: 28353960 DOI.

Waddington CH. (1933). Induction by the endoderm in birds. Wilhelm Roux Arch Entwickl Mech Org , 128, 502-521. PMID: 28353959 DOI.

Waddington CH & Waterman AJ. (1933). The Development in vitro of Young Rabbit Embryos. J. Anat. , 67, 355-70. PMID: 17104430

Haldane JB & Waddington CH. (1931). Inbreeding and Linkage. Genetics , 16, 357-74. PMID: 17246626



Cite this page: Hill, M.A. (2020, May 26) Embryology Embryology History - Conrad Waddington. Retrieved from https://embryology.med.unsw.edu.au/embryology/index.php/Embryology_History_-_Conrad_Waddington

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