Difference between revisions of "Book - An Atlas of the Medulla and Midbrain - Figures"

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(Preparations by Dr. John Hewetson.)  
 
(Preparations by Dr. John Hewetson.)  
  
Fig. 52. KEY TO PLANES OF SECTIONS.
+
[[File:Sabin1901 fig52.jpg|800px]]
 +
 
 +
Fig. 52. Key to Planes of Sections
  
 
==PLATE I==
 
==PLATE I==
 +
[[File:Sabin1901 plate01.jpg|800px]]
 +
 +
===Fig. 1. View of the dorsolateral and lateral surfaces of the nucleus olivaris inferior===
 +
 +
* F. dl. Facies dorsolateralis.
 +
* F. 1. Facies lateralis.
 +
* F. p. Fissura prima.
 +
* F. s. Fissura secunda.
 +
* F. t. Fissura tertia.
 +
* F. q. Fissura quarta.
 +
* L. p. Lobus primus.
 +
* L. s. Lobus secundus.
 +
* L. t. Lobus tertius.
 +
* L. q. Lobus quartus.
 +
 +
===Fig. 2. View of the ventral surface of the nucleus olivaris superior===
  
Fig. 1. View of the dorsolateral and lateral surfaces of the nucleus
+
* S. p. Sulcus primus.  
olivaris inferior.
+
* S. s. Sulcus secundus.  
F. dl. Facies dorsolateralis.
+
* S. t. Sulcus tertius.
F. 1. Facies lateralis.
 
F. p. Fissura prima.
 
F. s. Fissura secunda.
 
F. t. Fissura tertia.
 
F. q. Fissura quarta.
 
L. p. Lobus primus.  
 
L. s. Lobus secundus.  
 
L. t. Lobus tertius.
 
L. q. Lobus quartus.  
 
  
Fig. 2. View of the ventral surface of the nucleus olivaris superior.
 
S. p. Sulcus primus.
 
S. s. Sulcus secundus.
 
S. t. Sulcus tertius.
 
  
 
==PLATE II==
 
==PLATE II==
Line 60: Line 65:
  
 
==PLATE III==
 
==PLATE III==
 +
[[File:Sabin1901 plate03.jpg|800px]]
  
 
View of the model from the dorsal surface. On the right side is  
 
View of the model from the dorsal surface. On the right side is  
Line 76: Line 82:
 
nuclei.  
 
nuclei.  
  
Nucleus N. cochlew dor sails: The more proximal of the two lines points  
+
Nucleus N. cochlew dor sails: The more proximal of the two lines points to the striae acusticae.  
to the striae acusticae.  
 
  
Traotus solitarius et Nu. alas cinerce: The former is in black and white,  
+
Traotus solitarius et Nu. alas cinerce: The former is in black and white, the latter in blue.
the latter in blue.  
 
  
PLATE IV.  
+
==PLATE IV==
 +
[[File:Sabin1901 plate04.jpg|800px]]
  
 
View of the model from the lateral aspect. After removing from  
 
View of the model from the lateral aspect. After removing from  
 
Plate i, the following structures: the corpus restiforme, the substantia  
 
Plate i, the following structures: the corpus restiforme, the substantia  
 
nigra and the medial, lateral and superior lemnisci. The view is designed to show (1) the sensory nerves and their nuclei, and (2) the midbrain. The nuclei of the dorsal funiculi represent a way-station for the  
 
nigra and the medial, lateral and superior lemnisci. The view is designed to show (1) the sensory nerves and their nuclei, and (2) the midbrain. The nuclei of the dorsal funiculi represent a way-station for the  
sensory fibres from the spinal cord; the sensory cerebral nerves are  
+
sensory fibres from the spinal cord; the sensory cerebral nerves are represented by the nuclei nervi glossopharyngei, vagi, vestibuli et trigemini. These include all of the sensory nerves of the region of the model  
represented by the nuclei nervi glossopharyngei, vagi, vestibuli et trigemini. These include all of the sensory nerves of the region of the model  
 
 
except the N. cochleae, which was removed with the corpus restiforme.  
 
except the N. cochleae, which was removed with the corpus restiforme.  
  
Radix N. trigemini (Sens.) : The proximal line runs to the root bundle,  
+
Radix N. trigemini (Sens.) : The proximal line runs to the root bundle, the distal to the tractus spinalis N. trigemini.
the distal to the tractus spinalis N. trigemini.  
+
 
 +
Tract from Betters' nucleus to F. i. (3), and Fasciculus lateraMs (4): The numbers are explained in the text.
  
Tract from Betters' nucleus to F. i. (3), and Fasciculus lateraMs (4): The
+
==PLATE V==
numbers are explained in the text.
 
  
PLATE V.  
+
[[File:Sabin1901 plate05.jpg|800px]]
  
View of the model from the lateral aspect. The sensory nerves of  
+
View of the model from the lateral aspect. The sensory nerves of Plate IV have been removed and all of the motor cerebral nerves except the N. trochlearis are now shown.  
Plate iv have been removed and all of the motor cerebral nerves except  
 
the N. trochlearis are now shown.  
 
  
Fasciculus lateralis (2), and Fasciculus lateralis (3): The numbers are  
+
Fasciculus lateralis (2), and Fasciculus lateralis (3): The numbers are explained in the text.
explained in the text.  
 
  
PLATE VI.  
+
==PLATE VI==
 +
[[File:Sabin1901 plate06.jpg|800px]]
  
 
View of the lateral surface of the medulla sheet. The view can be related to Plates n, iv and v, by the position of the nucleus N. abducentis.  
 
View of the lateral surface of the medulla sheet. The view can be related to Plates n, iv and v, by the position of the nucleus N. abducentis.  
Fasciculus ventrolateralis (1): The number is explained in the text.
+
Fasciculus ventrolateralis (1): The number is explained in the text.
 
 
PLATE VII.
 
 
 
View of the model from a dorsomedian aspect. This view is designed
 
to show the central fibre mass, that is, the medulla, pontal and midbrain sheets, together with the corpus trapezoideum.
 
 
 
. Fibres running from Lemniscus lateralis to the brachium conjunctivum.  
 
  
 +
==PLATE VII==
 +
[[File:Sabin1901 plate07.jpg|800px]]
  
 +
View of the model from a dorsomedian aspect. This view is designed to show the central fibre mass, that is, the medulla, pontal and midbrain sheets, together with the corpus trapezoideum.
  
DESCRIPTION OF FIGURES AND PLATES 123
+
Fibres running from Lemniscus lateralis to the brachium conjunctivum.
  
PLATE VIII.  
+
==PLATE VIII==
 +
[[File:Sabin1901 plate08.jpg|800px]]
  
 
View of the midbrain from the superior or cerebral aspect. This  
 
View of the midbrain from the superior or cerebral aspect. This  
Line 138: Line 137:
  
 
HORIZONTAL (Frontal) SECTIONS 38, 56 and 62.  
 
HORIZONTAL (Frontal) SECTIONS 38, 56 and 62.  
 
 
 
 
(126)
 
  
  
  
 
HORIZONTAL (Frontal) SECTIONS 66, 72 and 74.  
 
HORIZONTAL (Frontal) SECTIONS 66, 72 and 74.  
 
 
 
 
Q26)
 
  
  
  
 
HORIZONTAL (Frontal) SECTIONS 80, 86 and 94.  
 
HORIZONTAL (Frontal) SECTIONS 80, 86 and 94.  
 
 
 
 
(127)
 
 
  
  
 
HORIZONTAL (Frontal) SECTIONS 100, 108, 114 and 116.  
 
HORIZONTAL (Frontal) SECTIONS 100, 108, 114 and 116.  
 
 
 
 
(128)
 
  
  
  
 
HORIZONTAL (Frontal) SECTIONS 122 and 126.  
 
HORIZONTAL (Frontal) SECTIONS 122 and 126.  
 
 
 
 
 
(129)
 
 
  
  
 
HOKIZONTAL (Frontal) SECTIONS 128 and 136.  
 
HOKIZONTAL (Frontal) SECTIONS 128 and 136.  
 
 
 
 
J
 
 
~
 
 
 
 
 
(130)
 
 
  
  
Line 202: Line 160:
  
  
 
+
HORIZONTAL (Frontal) SECTIONS 170, 180 and 202.  
 
 
 
 
(131)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
HOEIZONTAL (Frontal) SECTIONS 170, 180 and 202.  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
be
 
  
  
  
 
CROSS-SECTIONS 20-84.  
 
CROSS-SECTIONS 20-84.  
 
 
 
 
 
 
be
 
 
  
  
  
 
CKOSS-SECTIONS 94-146.  
 
CKOSS-SECTIONS 94-146.  
 
 
 
 
f
 
 
 
 
 
 
(134)
 
 
  
  
Line 249: Line 174:
  
  
 
+
CROSS-SECTION 170.  
 
 
(135)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
CEOSS-SECTION 170.  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
N_^JJ
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(136)
 
 
 
  
  
 
CROSS-SECTION 182.  
 
CROSS-SECTION 182.  
 
 
 
 
(137)
 
 
  
  
Line 281: Line 184:
  
  
 
+
CROSS-SECTIONS 200 and 212.  
p ml
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(138)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
CKOSS-SECTIONS 200 and 212.  
 
Na.mp.n.T.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
B.c.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
C.t.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Urn.
 
 
 
  
  
 
Fig-. 38, Series II, Section No. 200.  
 
Fig-. 38, Series II, Section No. 200.  
 
 
 
 
I(SPflS)
 
 
 
 
Lm.,
 
 
  
  
 
Fig. 39, Series II, Section No. 212.  
 
Fig. 39, Series II, Section No. 212.  
  
(139)
 
 
 
 
CKOSS-SECTIONS 254 and 268.
 
  
  
 +
CROSS-SECTIONS 254 and 268.
  
  
Line 338: Line 203:
  
 
Fig-. 41, Series II, Section No. 268.  
 
Fig-. 41, Series II, Section No. 268.  
 
 
 
(140)
 
 
  
  
 
CROSS-SECTIONS 290 and 304.  
 
CROSS-SECTIONS 290 and 304.  
 
 
 
Nu.
 
 
 
 
St.gr.
 
  
  
Line 359: Line 211:
  
 
Fig-. 42, Series II, Section No. 290.  
 
Fig-. 42, Series II, Section No. 290.  
 
 
 
D.betw.nax.L
 
 
NiLcl.
 
 
 
 
 
11
 
  
  
  
 
Fig. 43, Series II, Section No. 304.  
 
Fig. 43, Series II, Section No. 304.  
(141)
 
 
  
  
 
CROSS-SECTIONS 316 and 330.  
 
CROSS-SECTIONS 316 and 330.  
 
 
 
S.CL.p,.
 
 
NU.C.L
 
 
  
  
  
 
Fig-. 44, Series II, Section No. 316.  
 
Fig-. 44, Series II, Section No. 316.  
 
 
 
a
 
 
 
 
 
JS.a.p
 
A.C-.
 
 
 
 
N n
 
 
Ill .J-V
 
  
  
 
Fig. 45, Series II, Section No. 330.  
 
Fig. 45, Series II, Section No. 330.  
 
 
 
(142)
 
 
  
  
 
CEOSS-SECT1ONS 338 and 354.  
 
CEOSS-SECT1ONS 338 and 354.  
 
 
 
 
Bec.Br.Con].
 
J
 
  
  
  
 
Fig-. 46, Series II, Section No. 338.  
 
Fig-. 46, Series II, Section No. 338.  
 
 
 
 
n.m
 
 
 
 
-S.n.
 
 
  
  
Line 443: Line 238:
  
  
 
+
CROSS-SECT1ONS 372 and 384.  
(143)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
CKOSS-SECT1ONS 372 and 384.  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
L.S,
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
NHL
 
  
 
Fig. 48, Series II, Section No. 372.  
 
Fig. 48, Series II, Section No. 372.  
 
 
 
Aq.cer.
 
 
 
 
St. gr. c
 
 
 
 
  
 
Fig. 49, Series II, Section No. 384.  
 
Fig. 49, Series II, Section No. 384.  
 
 
 
(144)
 
 
 
  
 
CROSS-SECTIONS 396 and 420.  
 
CROSS-SECTIONS 396 and 420.  
 
 
 
  
 
Fig-. 50, Series II, Section No. 396.  
 
Fig-. 50, Series II, Section No. 396.  
  
 
 
 
TtM.
 
 
JUL
 
  
 
Fig-. 51, Series II, Section No. 420.  
 
Fig-. 51, Series II, Section No. 420.  
  
  
 
+
GUIDE TO SECTIONS IN SERIES 1 and 2.
(145)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
GUIDE TO SECTIONS IN SERIES 1 and 2.  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(146)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
INFERIOR OLIVE.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
PLATE I.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lateral Surface.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
T.i
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Dorsal
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Veatrul
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
FIG. 1.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ventral Surface.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lateral
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mesial
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
FIG. 2.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
LATERAL SURFACE a
 
OF MODEL. |
 
 
 
!~
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
PLATE II.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
s I
 
 
 
26
 
 
 
III
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
i o
 
 
 
I!
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
I
 
 
 
6"
 
11
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
DORSAL SURFACE OF MODEL.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
PLATE III.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Stratum album
 
profundum
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nucleus N. oculomotor!!
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Commissurae nuclei coll;
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fasciculus retroflexus (Meynerti)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lemniscus medialls...
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nucleus colliculi inferloris . .
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Radix N. trochlearls __
 
A
 
 
 
Brachium conjunctivum
 
 
 
Radix descendens
 
 
 
N. trigemini
 
 
 
Locus caeruleus.
 
 
 
Radix N. trigemini (Mot.)
 
Radix N. trigemini (Sens.) ,
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nucleus motorius
 
princeps N. trigemini
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nucleus N. trigemini (Sens.)
 
 
 
Nucleus N.
 
 
 
vestibuli lateralis f|
 
 
 
Corpus restiforme
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nucleus et radix
 
N. vestibuli
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nucleus N. cochleae dorsalis
 
 
 
 
 
Corpus restiforme
 
 
 
 
 
Tractus solitarius et
 
nucleus alae cinereae ""
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nucleus funiculj cuneati .-"''
 
 
 
Fasciculus cuneatus .
 
Nucleus funiculi gracills ....
 
 
 
Fasciculus gracilis
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nucleus N.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
.Substantia fei
 
.Ventriculus qu
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Brachium con;
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Corpus restiforme
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
-Radix N. facial!
 
--Nucleus N. abd
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
- fasciculus long
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
--Nucleus olivaris i
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
--Nucleus N. hypog
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
INTERIOR OF MODEL FROM SIDE (one layer removed).
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
PLATE IV.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
<
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
FURTHER DISSECTION OF INTERIOR OF MODEL FROM SIDES.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
PLATE V.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
LATERAL VIEW OF MEDULLA SHEET.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
PLATE VI.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
RELATIONS OF LONG TRACTS.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Capsula
 
superior
 
nuclei rubri
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
PLATE VII.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Radix N. oculomotor! i
 
Nucleus ruber
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fasciculus retroflexus (Meynerti)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lemniscus lateralis*
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fasciculus longitudinalis medialis-
 
Formatio reticularis alba -,Nucleus olivaris superior^
 
 
 
Radix N. facialiSx \
 
 
 
Nucleus N. abducentis -s^.-l
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Striae acusticseNucleus N. cochleae dorsalis
 
 
 
 
 
Radix N. vestibuli
 
 
 
Corpus trapezoideum'' ,*'*'
 
 
 
Radix N. cochleae- '
 
Nucleus olivaris inferior -;'''
 
 
 
Nucleus funiculi cuneati
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fasciculus cuneatus to
 
formatio reticularis
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nucleus funiculi gracilis
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lemniscus
 
 
 
medialis
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Corpus
 
,- 'trapezoideu
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
^Nucleus oli'
 
' superior
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Stratum interolivare lemnis
 
--- Nucleus N. hypoglossi
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nucleus olivaris accessorius rr
 
"Decussatio lemniscorum
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Canalis centralis
 
Substantia gelatinosa (Rolandi)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
THE MIDBRAIN FROM ABOVE.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
PLATE VIII.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Commissure between Bechterew's nuclei
 
Corpus trapezoideum and nucleus olivaris superior,
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Brachium conjunctivum (dorsal bundle)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Brachium conjunctivum
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Decussatio
 
tegmenti dorsalis .
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Capsula dorsalis nuclei rubri
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Decussatio tegmenti dorsalis
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Decussatio tegmenti ventralis
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nucleus N. abducentis
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fasciculus longitudinalis medialis
 
 
 
Nucleus reticularis Kucleus colliculi inferioris
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Capsula nuclei
 
colliculi inferioris
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Position of nucleus
 
N. trochlearis
 
Lemniscus superior
 
V
 
 
 
Position of nucleus
 
N. oculomotor!!
 
^Stratum album profundui
 
 
 
7' Lemniscus medialis
 
Commissura posterior
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fasciculus retroflexus
 
(Meynerti)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
tiapsula superior nuclei rubrl
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
/ Nucleus
 
Fasciculus longitudinalis medialis fasciculi
 
 
 
longitudinalis
 
medialis
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lectus nuclei rubri
 
 
 
 
 
  
 
==List of Illustrations==
 
==List of Illustrations==

Latest revision as of 13:28, 16 June 2015

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Sabin FR. and Knower H. An atlas of the medulla and midbrain, a laboratory manual (1901) Baltimore: Friedenwald.

Online Editor  
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This 1901 book by Florence Rena Sabin (1871 - 1953) and her collaborator presents one of the very earliest atlases of the human central nervous system, describing the midbrain and brainstem. This atlas was extremely useful for later researchers attempting to both understand the development and mapping of the midbrain and medulla. Florence Sabin later work was as a key historic researcher in early 1900's establishing our early understanding of both vascular and lymphatic development in the embryo.



Modern Notes: Medulla | Mesencephalon | Florence Sabin

Neural Links: ectoderm | neural | neural crest | ventricular | sensory | Stage 22 | gliogenesis | neural fetal | Medicine Lecture - Neural | Lecture - Ectoderm | Lecture - Neural Crest | Lab - Early Neural | neural abnormalities | folic acid | iodine deficiency | Fetal Alcohol Syndrome | Postnatal | Postnatal - Neural Examination | Histology | Historic Neural | Category:Neural


Neural Tube Development
Neural Tube Primary Vesicles Secondary Vesicles Adult Structures
week 3 week 4 week 5 adult
neural plate
neural groove
neural tube

Brain
prosencephalon telencephalon Rhinencephalon, Amygdala, Hippocampus, Cerebrum (Cortex), Hypothalamus, Pituitary | Basal Ganglia, lateral ventricles
Diencephalon Epithalamus, Thalamus, Subthalamus, Pineal, third ventricle
mesencephalon mesencephalon Tectum, Cerebral peduncle, Pretectum, cerebral aqueduct
rhombencephalon metencephalon pons, cerebellum
myelencephalon medulla oblongata
spinal cord
Historic Disclaimer - information about historic embryology pages 
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Pages where the terms "Historic Textbook" and "Historic Embryology" appear on this site, and sections within pages where this disclaimer appears, indicate that the content and scientific understanding are specific to the time of publication. This means that while some scientific descriptions are still accurate, the terminology and interpretation of the developmental mechanisms reflect the understanding at the time of original publication and those of the preceding periods, these terms and interpretations may not reflect our current scientific understanding.     (More? Embryology History | Historic Embryology Papers)

Description of Figures and Plates

Figs. 3-24. Series of horizontal sections passing through the medulla, pons and midbrain of a new-born babe. The series is traced from the dorsal to the ventral surface. The following sections, Figs. 6, 7, 9, 12, 13, 16 and 19 are after Barker, L. F.: The Nervous System and its Constituent Neurones. D. Appleton & Co., 1899. (Preparations by Dr. John Hewetson.)

Figs. 25-51. Series of transverse sections passing through the medulla, pons and midbrain of a new-born babe. The series is traced from the spinal cord toward the cerebrum. The following sections, Figs. 25, 28, 31, 33, 35, 36, 39, 41, 42, 46 and 49 are after Barker, L. F.: Op. cit. (Preparations by Dr. John Hewetson.)

Sabin1901 fig52.jpg

Fig. 52. Key to Planes of Sections

PLATE I

Sabin1901 plate01.jpg

Fig. 1. View of the dorsolateral and lateral surfaces of the nucleus olivaris inferior

  • F. dl. Facies dorsolateralis.
  • F. 1. Facies lateralis.
  • F. p. Fissura prima.
  • F. s. Fissura secunda.
  • F. t. Fissura tertia.
  • F. q. Fissura quarta.
  • L. p. Lobus primus.
  • L. s. Lobus secundus.
  • L. t. Lobus tertius.
  • L. q. Lobus quartus.

Fig. 2. View of the ventral surface of the nucleus olivaris superior

  • S. p. Sulcus primus.
  • S. s. Sulcus secundus.
  • S. t. Sulcus tertius.


PLATE II

Sabin1901 plate02.jpg

View of the model from the lateral surface. This view is designed to relate the model to the cord, the cerebellum and the cerebrum. The cut edge of the cord shows on the extreme right. The following points will make the position of the model clear: the dorsal and lateral funiculi and the dorsal horn of the spinal cord, the cerebellum, the fourth ventricle, the inferior and superior colliculi and the third ventricle.

The color system is as follows: all fibres are in white and black, all nuclei in colors. Red represents the nuclei of the motor cerebral nerves, blue the nuclei of the sensory cerebral nerves and yellow all other nuclei.

Nu. et Radix N. vestibuli: The nucleus is distinguishable from the root by its color. The ascending and descending parts of the root are to be determined by their relation to the entering root-bundle of the nerve. The part of the vestibular nucleus distal to the nucleus N. abducentis is the nucleus N. vestibuli medialis; the part proximal, is the nucleus N. vestibuli superior. The nucleus N. vestibuli lateralis (Deiters'), (pars lateralis) lies in the vestibular tract just dorsal to the corpus restiforme.


PLATE III

Sabin1901 plate03.jpg

View of the model from the dorsal surface. On the right side is shown the floor of the fourth ventricle; on the left, the structures beneath are exposed. The position of these structures can be related to the dorsal funiculi of the spinal cord, the fourth ventricle, and the inferior and superior colliculi.

Nu. et Radix N. vestibuli: To be distinguished by the colors. The ascending root is marked by the most proximal of the three lines on the figure; the descending by the most distal line, while the nucleus N. vestibuli medialis is indicated by the middle of the three lines. The nucleus N. vestibuli superior is continuous with the medial nucleus and lies opposite the ascending root. The nucleus 1ST. vestibuli lateralis consists of two parts, one between the corpus restiforme and the ascending root, the other in the notch between the medial and superior nuclei.

Nucleus N. cochlew dor sails: The more proximal of the two lines points to the striae acusticae.

Traotus solitarius et Nu. alas cinerce: The former is in black and white, the latter in blue.

PLATE IV

Sabin1901 plate04.jpg

View of the model from the lateral aspect. After removing from Plate i, the following structures: the corpus restiforme, the substantia nigra and the medial, lateral and superior lemnisci. The view is designed to show (1) the sensory nerves and their nuclei, and (2) the midbrain. The nuclei of the dorsal funiculi represent a way-station for the sensory fibres from the spinal cord; the sensory cerebral nerves are represented by the nuclei nervi glossopharyngei, vagi, vestibuli et trigemini. These include all of the sensory nerves of the region of the model except the N. cochleae, which was removed with the corpus restiforme.

Radix N. trigemini (Sens.) : The proximal line runs to the root bundle, the distal to the tractus spinalis N. trigemini.

Tract from Betters' nucleus to F. i. (3), and Fasciculus lateraMs (4): The numbers are explained in the text.

PLATE V

Sabin1901 plate05.jpg

View of the model from the lateral aspect. The sensory nerves of Plate IV have been removed and all of the motor cerebral nerves except the N. trochlearis are now shown.

Fasciculus lateralis (2), and Fasciculus lateralis (3): The numbers are explained in the text.

PLATE VI

Sabin1901 plate06.jpg

View of the lateral surface of the medulla sheet. The view can be related to Plates n, iv and v, by the position of the nucleus N. abducentis. Fasciculus ventrolateralis (1): The number is explained in the text.

PLATE VII

Sabin1901 plate07.jpg

View of the model from a dorsomedian aspect. This view is designed to show the central fibre mass, that is, the medulla, pontal and midbrain sheets, together with the corpus trapezoideum.

Fibres running from Lemniscus lateralis to the brachium conjunctivum.

PLATE VIII

Sabin1901 plate08.jpg

View of the midbrain from the superior or cerebral aspect. This view can be understood by comparing 1 it with Plates n, iv and v, which show the stratum profundum album, the lemniscus superior and the capsula nuclei rubri from the lateral aspect.

7 is a space in the model, in the stratum profundum album where fibres of the formatio reticularis alba are related to the substantia centralis grisea.

Fasciculus ventrolateralis (1) : The number is explained in the text.


HORIZONTAL (Frontal) SECTIONS 38, 56 and 62.


HORIZONTAL (Frontal) SECTIONS 66, 72 and 74.


HORIZONTAL (Frontal) SECTIONS 80, 86 and 94.


HORIZONTAL (Frontal) SECTIONS 100, 108, 114 and 116.


HORIZONTAL (Frontal) SECTIONS 122 and 126.


HOKIZONTAL (Frontal) SECTIONS 128 and 136.


HORIZONTAL (Frontal) SECTIONS 146 and 162.


HORIZONTAL (Frontal) SECTIONS 170, 180 and 202.


CROSS-SECTIONS 20-84.


CKOSS-SECTIONS 94-146.


CROSS-SECTION 158.


CROSS-SECTION 170.


CROSS-SECTION 182.


CROSS-SECTION 190.


CROSS-SECTIONS 200 and 212.


Fig-. 38, Series II, Section No. 200.


Fig. 39, Series II, Section No. 212.


CROSS-SECTIONS 254 and 268.


Fig. 40, Series II, Section No. 254.



Fig-. 41, Series II, Section No. 268.


CROSS-SECTIONS 290 and 304.



Fig-. 42, Series II, Section No. 290.


Fig. 43, Series II, Section No. 304.


CROSS-SECTIONS 316 and 330.


Fig-. 44, Series II, Section No. 316.


Fig. 45, Series II, Section No. 330.


CEOSS-SECT1ONS 338 and 354.


Fig-. 46, Series II, Section No. 338.


Fig-. 47, Series II, Section No. 354.


CROSS-SECT1ONS 372 and 384.

Fig. 48, Series II, Section No. 372.

Fig. 49, Series II, Section No. 384.

CROSS-SECTIONS 396 and 420.

Fig-. 50, Series II, Section No. 396.


Fig-. 51, Series II, Section No. 420.


GUIDE TO SECTIONS IN SERIES 1 and 2.

List of Illustrations

FIGURES : PAGE

1. Transverse Section of the Spinal Cord. Outline 36

2. Diagram of Medial Accessory Olive 91

3-24. Series of Horizontal (frontal) Sections, including Medulla and Midbrain 125-132

25-51. Series of Transverse Sections from the Cord to the Midbrain. .133-145

52. Diagram of the Model giving Levels of Sections here Figured 146

PLATES following page 146

I. The Inferior Olive. II. View of the Lateral Surface of the Reconstruction.

III. View of the Dorsal Surface of the Reconstruction.

IV. First Dissection of the Reconstruction. Lateral view, showing

Fibre Tracts, &c., and the Sensory Nuclei of Cerebral Nerves. V. Second Dissection of the Reconstruction. Lateral view, showing

Fibre Tracts, &c., and Motor Nuclei of Cerebral Nerves. VI. Third Dissection of the Reconstruction. Lateral view, showing

the Long Tracts of the Medulla.

VII. Fourth Dissection of the Reconstruction. Dorsomedian view, showing the Long Fibre Tracts as Related to Nuclei of Cerebral Nerves and to other Structures.

VIII. View of the Midbraiu from Above, showing Relations of Fibre Tracts.


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Pages where the terms "Historic Textbook" and "Historic Embryology" appear on this site, and sections within pages where this disclaimer appears, indicate that the content and scientific understanding are specific to the time of publication. This means that while some scientific descriptions are still accurate, the terminology and interpretation of the developmental mechanisms reflect the understanding at the time of original publication and those of the preceding periods, these terms and interpretations may not reflect our current scientific understanding.     (More? Embryology History | Historic Embryology Papers)


An Atlas of the Medulla and Midbrain (1901): Chapter I. Introductory | Chapter II. The Long Tracts | Chapter III. The Columns Of The Spinal Cord | Chapter IV. Cerebellar Peduncles | Chapter V. The Cerebral Nerves And Their Nuclei | Chapter VI. The Cerebral Nerves And Their Nuclei (Continued). Lateral Group | Chapter VII. The Inferior And Accessory Olives | Chapter VIII. The Midbrain | Chapter IX. The Formatio Reticularis Alba And Grisea | General Summary of what Is shown In Reconstruction | References To Literature | Abbreviations | Description of Figures and Plates


Cite this page: Hill, M.A. (2019, October 16) Embryology Book - An Atlas of the Medulla and Midbrain - Figures. Retrieved from https://embryology.med.unsw.edu.au/embryology/index.php/Book_-_An_Atlas_of_the_Medulla_and_Midbrain_-_Figures

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