Blastocyst Development

From Embryology

(Greek, blastos = sprout + cystos = cavity) or blastula, the term used to describe the hollow cellular mass that forms in early development. The blastocyst consists of cells forming an outer trophoblast layer, an inner cell mass and a fluid-filled cavity. The blastocyst inner cell mass is the source of true embryonic stem cells capable of forming all cell types within the embryo. In humans, this stage occurs in the first and second weeks after the zygote forms a solid cellular mass morula stage) and before implantation.


--Mark Hill 19:01, 5 August 2009 (EST) Page under development - notice removed when completed.


Inner Cell Mass

Trophoblast Layer

  • trophectoderm epithelium
  • transport of Na+ and Cl- ions through this layer into the blastocoel

Blastocoel Formation

  • trophectoderm transports of Na+ and Cl- ions through this layer into the blastocoel
  • generates an osmotic gradient driving fluid across this epithelium
  • distinct apical and basolateral membrane domains specific for transport
  • facilitates transepithelial Na+ and fluid transport for blastocoel formation
  • transport is driven by Na,K-adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase) in basolateral membranes of the trophectoderm [1]

References

  1. <pubmed>16139691</pubmed>


Articles

<pubmed>19289087, 18817772, 18083014</pubmed>

<pubmed>20157423</pubmed>

Search PubMed

Search April 2010

Search Pubmed: blastocyst development | blastocoel development | inner cell mass development | trophectoderm |


Glossary Links

Glossary: A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z | Numbers | Symbols | Term Link

Cite this page: Hill, M.A. (2021, February 26) Embryology Blastocyst Development. Retrieved from https://embryology.med.unsw.edu.au/embryology/index.php/Blastocyst_Development

What Links Here?
© Dr Mark Hill 2021, UNSW Embryology ISBN: 978 0 7334 2609 4 - UNSW CRICOS Provider Code No. 00098G