ANZACA Meeting 2012 - Embryology

From Embryology
Dr Mark Hill

Embryology in an Anatomy World

Embryology Integration into Clinical Anatomy Education using Online Resources

Australian and New Zealand Association of Clinical Anatomists (ANZACA) Meeting 2012

December 9 to 11 at the Crowne Plaza, Coogee, Sydney, Australia.
Links: Conference Homepage | SOMS notice | Embryology
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Early Zygote Newborn Infant


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 ‎‎Human Birth MRI
Page | Play
Giuseppe Galletti (1770) Wilhelm Braune (1872) Ulf Teichgräber (2012)

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 ‎‎Human Embryo
Page | Play

Teaching Contact Hours

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Trends in anatomy disciplines contact teaching hours based on data from USA survey.[1]

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 ‎‎Human Development
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Embryology Online

UNSW Embryology

Old Med program New Med program
  • Year 2 semester long
  • 2 lectures/1 practical/week
    • Current science program similar structure
  • Content
    • Embryo histology
    • models, posters
    • Placenta specimen
  • Foundations, Phase 1, 2, 3
  • Vertical integration
  • Content integration
  • Content
    • Online materials
    • Models, specimens
 ‎‎Day 3 to 6
Page | Play

New Med Program

Medicine large computer lab
Medicine practicals computer use (Jun 2012)
Medicine page accesses (Dec 2012)


Selective rather than Superficial.


  • Content - Introduction to human development
  • First year
  • Overview of timeline
  • Identify first trimester events
  • Critical periods of development
  • Terminology
Human development timeline graph 02.jpg

Beginnings, Growth and Development Cycle A (BGDA)

  • Content - timeline
    • Fertilization to week 3
    • Week 3 to 8
    • Fetal development
    • Placenta
  • Dynamics of development
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 ‎‎Week 2 - Implant
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 ‎‎Week 3
Page | Play

Beginnings, Growth and Development Cycle B (BGDB)

  • Content - Selective systems
    • Gastrointestinal tract
    • Head and sensory (hearing)
    • Urogenital
  • Vertically integrated
  • Gross anatomy - Adult systems
  • Histology - Selected tissue structure
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 ‎‎Face Development
Page | Play
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 ‎‎Palate (oral view)
Page | Play
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 ‎‎Palate (front view)
Page | Play

2012 BGD Phase 2 (BGD2)

Critical Periods
  • Content - Applied Embryology and Teratology
  • Clinical stage
  • Apply basic embryology to clinical setting
    • Using Australian statistical data
    • Assisted reproductive technology data
    • Pre-term birth
  • Applied teratology
    • Critical periods of development
    • Placenta and renal function
    • Drug categories

Tutorial - Applied Embryology and Teratology

Online Textbooks

Textbook Links: Textbooks | UNSW Online Textbooks | iBooks | References | Journals | Copyright | Pubmed Most Recent | RSS Feeds | Reports | Online | Societies | Online Databases | OMIM References | Historic - Carnegie | Editing Basics | UNSW Library
Embryology History: Historic Textbooks | Historic Papers

The Developing Human
Larsen’s Human Embryology
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Online textbook access (2011)

Online Classes

Electron micrographs and bright field images of human embryos, for example Carnegie stage 10 23 day, 11 somite pairs
  • Both lectures and laboratories in Medicine and Science can be prepared and presented online. (Lecture, Practical)
  • Online textbooks are directly linked within the classes. (UNSW links)
  • Additional general notes are available for students to use as topic background. (2012)
  • An extensive glossary of terms is provided to aid understanding of terminology. (Glossary, mesoderm)
    • In development everything changes, even the names of structures!
  • Current related clinical and research data, movies and findings can be provided to show relevance of topics. (Research movies)
  • Quizzes available to test student knowledge (currently broken by a recent software update).
  • Content can also be modified and used for external education purposes. (Maternal-Fetal Medicine Trainees - Renal, Brain Awareness Week 2012)

Lecture Example

  • Replace powerpoint slides
  • Can be formatted for printing
  • Accessible at all times (including Mobile Access)
  • Can be opened during associated practical class
  • Links to:
    • Textbooks
    • Related online pages, including practical, audio etc.
    • Movies
    • Glossary

BGDA Lecture 1

Development of the Embryo/Fetus 1

Practical Example

  • Organised into a timeline
  • Each page worked through with the demonstrator
  • Independent time to ask questions
  • Students can cut n paste for their own notes

BGDA Practical 3

Practical 3: Oogenesis and Ovulation | Gametogenesis | Fertilization | Early Cell Division | Week 1 | Implantation | Week 2 | Extraembryonic Spaces | Gastrulation | Notochord | Week 3

Student Project Examples


Medicine Student Projects

  • Part of the Medicine undergraduate program allows for individual students to work on research or educational projects related to medicine.
  • The projects are academically supervised and are described as an "Independent Learning Project" (ILP).
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Navigation menus
ILP2006 Generating the surface .gif
Cardiac Embryology Tutorial Carnegie Stage Embryo 3D Animations


Science Student Projects
  • Since 2009 undergraduate science students have been preparing online group projects as part of their ANAT2341 Embryology course.
  • Student group (4-5 students) selects a specific topic within the main theme that they then research and work collaboratively on that topic throughout the semester.
  • Project is discussed online.
  • Assessed by peers, before being finally edited for submission as their group assessment component for the course.
  • Group and Individual contributions can also be monitored.
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Concluding Remarks

  • Model for developing online education resources in embryology (1,731 Content pages , 8,066 Uploaded files, other academics and institutes can develop their own resources here).
  • Can be accessed and edited from anywhere with internet connection (including iPhone and iPad through browser or Application)
  • Parallel pathways in learning, many different ways of explaining specific developmental concepts (Medicine | Science | Movies | Embryonic Development | Human System Development | Human Abnormal Development | Histology | Categories)
  • Relates (and accesses) historic and current research findings and directions.
  • Allows content linked Quizzes.
  • Allows easy student online project work.

Educational Links

Glossary Links

Glossary: A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z | Numbers | Symbols | Term Link

Cite this page: Hill, M.A. (2021, March 9) Embryology ANZACA Meeting 2012 - Embryology. Retrieved from

What Links Here?
© Dr Mark Hill 2021, UNSW Embryology ISBN: 978 0 7334 2609 4 - UNSW CRICOS Provider Code No. 00098G