Difference between revisions of "ANAT2341 Lab 2"

From Embryology
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{{ANAT2341Lab4}}
=Week 1 to 3 Development=
 
{{ANAT2341Lab2}}
 
  
  
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==2. Guest Lecturer A/Prof Robert Gilchrist (Oocyte Biology Research Unit) - "The Reproductive Technology Revolution" ==
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== 2. Guest Lecture Dr Fabien DeleRue (Transgenic Animal Unit (TAU)) - Transgenic mouse models of human conditions ==
[[File:Oocyte BMP15 and GDF9 effects.jpg|thumb|Oocyte BMP15 and GDF9 effects PMID 25058588]]
 
{|
 
  
| [[File:Rob Gilchrist.jpg|left|150px|alt=Associate Professor Robert Gilchrist|link=https://research.unsw.edu.au/people/associate-professor-robert-bruce-gilchrist]]
 
<br><br>
 
Dr Gilchrist’s primary research interests are in the regulation of mammalian oocyte development and maturation, and the development of novel oocyte maturation techniques for infertility treatment.
 
|-bgcolor="FAF5FF"
 
| [https://research.unsw.edu.au/people/associate-professor-robert-bruce-gilchrist UNSW Research Gateway] - [http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=Gilchrist+R%5BAuthor%5D PubMed]
 
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===Recent Articles===
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[[File:Fabien deleRue profile photo.jpg]]
<pubmed>27422885</pubmed>
 
  
:"The cyclic nucleotides, cAMP and cGMP, are the key molecules controlling mammalian oocyte meiosis. Their roles in oocyte biology have been at the forefront of oocyte research for decades and many of the long standing controversies in relation to the regulation of oocyte meiotic maturation are now resolved. It is now clear that the follicle prevents meiotic resumption through the actions of natriuretic peptides and cGMP inhibiting the hydrolysis of intra-oocyte cAMP and that the preovulatory gonadotrophin surge reverses these processes. The gonadotrophin surge also leads to a transient spike in cAMP in the somatic compartment of the follicle; research over the past 2 decades has conclusively demonstrated that this surge in cAMP is important for the subsequent developmental capacity of the oocyte. This is important, as oocyte in vitro maturation (IVM) systems practiced clinically do not recapitulate this cAMP surge in vitro, possibly accounting for the lower efficiency of IVM compared to clinical IVF. This review focuses in particular on this latter aspect - the role of cAMP/cGMP in the regulation of oocyte quality. We conclude that clinical practice of IVM should reflect this new understanding of the role of cyclic nucleotides, thereby creating a new generation of ART and fertility treatment options."
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Dr Delerue’s career spans over twenty years practice in animal handling, surgery, and generation of animal models of diseases. His research focuses on the production and characterization of new transgenic mouse models of human genetic disorders, using cutting-edge genome engineering techniques such as CRISPR/Cas9.
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UNSW Research Gateway: [https://research.unsw.edu.au/people/dr-fabien-delerue]
  
<pubmed>27248769</pubmed>
 
<pubmed>27160446</pubmed>
 
  
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'''Recent articles'''
  
==Human development timeline==
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Delerue F & Ittner LM. Genome Editing in Mice Using CRISPR/Cas9: Achievements and Prospects
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Cloning and Transgenesis 2015, 4:135 doi:10.4172/2168-9849.1000135 [http://www.omicsgroup.org/journals/genome-editing-in-mice-using-crisprcas9-achievements-and-prospects-2168-9849-1000135.php?aid=50992]
  
[[File:Human development timeline graph 01.jpg|600px]]
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Animal models are a powerful tool to understand the mechanisms underlying physiological and pathological processes in vivo. To date, mice remain the species most commonly used for genetic manipulation. The recent development of engineered endonucleases such as Zinc Finger Nucleases (ZFN), Transcription activator-like effector nucleases  (TALEN), and the Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats (CRISPR/Cas9) offered easy, flexible, and fast alternative to ES-Cell based gene targeting. Thanks to multiple advantages, the CRISPR system superseded its predecessors and became a popular method for genome editing. Here, we review the latest techniques to apply CRISPR editing to the mouse genome, and emphasize on the current methods used in transgenic laboratories and subsequent achievements in mice.
  
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Ke YD, van Hummel A, Stevens CH, Gladbach A, Ippati S, Bi M, Lee WS, Krüger S, van der Hoven J, Volkerling A, Bongers A, Halliday G, Haass NK, Kiernan M, Delerue F, Ittner LM.
Short-term suppression of A315T mutant human TDP-43 expression improves functional deficits in a novel inducible transgenic mouse model of FTLD-TDP and ALS. Acta Neuropathologica 2015 Nov;130(5):661-78 PubMed 26437864 [https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00401-015-1486-0]
  
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Ittner A, Chua SW, Bertz J, Volkerling A, van der Hoven J, Gladbach A, Przybyla M, Bi M, van Hummel A, Stevens CH, Ippati S, Suh LS, Macmillan A, Sutherland G, Kril JJ, Silva APG, Mackay J, Poljak A, Delerue F,  Ke YD, Ittner LM. Site-specific phosphorylation of tau inhibits amyloid-β toxicity in Alzheimer’s mice
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Science 2016 Nov;354 (6314):904-908 doi: 10.1126/science.aah6205 [http://science.sciencemag.org/content/354/6314/904.full]
  
  
{{ANAT2341Lab2}}
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'''Recommended literature'''
  
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[[File:Manipulating_the_Mouse_Embryo.jpg]]
  
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Manipulating the Mouse Embryo: A Laboratory Manual (Fourth Edition) [http://cshlpress.com/default.tpl?cart=147944968860031853&action=full&--eqskudatarq=982]
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By Richard Behringer, Marina Gertsenstein, Kristina Vintersten Nagy, & Andras Nagy.
  
  
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[[File:Reproductive Engineering Techniques.jpg]]
  
 
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Reproductive Engineering techniques in mice: Technical manual [http://card.medic.kumamoto-u.ac.jp/card/english/sigen/manual/onlinemanual.html]
{{2016ANAT2341}}
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Prof Naomi Nakagata, Center for Animal Resources and Development, Kumamoto University, Japan
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{{2016ANAT2341 footer}}

Revision as of 10:18, 31 May 2017

ANAT2341 Lab 4: Introduction | Implantation and Villi | Decidua and Cord | Abnormal Placenta | Cardiovascular | Online Assessment | Group Project


1. QUIZ

2. Guest Lecture Dr Fabien DeleRue (Transgenic Animal Unit (TAU)) - Transgenic mouse models of human conditions

Fabien deleRue profile photo.jpg

Dr Delerue’s career spans over twenty years practice in animal handling, surgery, and generation of animal models of diseases. His research focuses on the production and characterization of new transgenic mouse models of human genetic disorders, using cutting-edge genome engineering techniques such as CRISPR/Cas9. UNSW Research Gateway: [1]


Recent articles

Delerue F & Ittner LM. Genome Editing in Mice Using CRISPR/Cas9: Achievements and Prospects Cloning and Transgenesis 2015, 4:135 doi:10.4172/2168-9849.1000135 [2]

Animal models are a powerful tool to understand the mechanisms underlying physiological and pathological processes in vivo. To date, mice remain the species most commonly used for genetic manipulation. The recent development of engineered endonucleases such as Zinc Finger Nucleases (ZFN), Transcription activator-like effector nucleases (TALEN), and the Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats (CRISPR/Cas9) offered easy, flexible, and fast alternative to ES-Cell based gene targeting. Thanks to multiple advantages, the CRISPR system superseded its predecessors and became a popular method for genome editing. Here, we review the latest techniques to apply CRISPR editing to the mouse genome, and emphasize on the current methods used in transgenic laboratories and subsequent achievements in mice.

Ke YD, van Hummel A, Stevens CH, Gladbach A, Ippati S, Bi M, Lee WS, Krüger S, van der Hoven J, Volkerling A, Bongers A, Halliday G, Haass NK, Kiernan M, Delerue F, Ittner LM.
Short-term suppression of A315T mutant human TDP-43 expression improves functional deficits in a novel inducible transgenic mouse model of FTLD-TDP and ALS. Acta Neuropathologica 2015 Nov;130(5):661-78 PubMed 26437864 [3]

Ittner A, Chua SW, Bertz J, Volkerling A, van der Hoven J, Gladbach A, Przybyla M, Bi M, van Hummel A, Stevens CH, Ippati S, Suh LS, Macmillan A, Sutherland G, Kril JJ, Silva APG, Mackay J, Poljak A, Delerue F, Ke YD, Ittner LM. Site-specific phosphorylation of tau inhibits amyloid-β toxicity in Alzheimer’s mice Science 2016 Nov;354 (6314):904-908 doi: 10.1126/science.aah6205 [4]


Recommended literature

Manipulating the Mouse Embryo.jpg

Manipulating the Mouse Embryo: A Laboratory Manual (Fourth Edition) [5] By Richard Behringer, Marina Gertsenstein, Kristina Vintersten Nagy, & Andras Nagy.


Reproductive Engineering Techniques.jpg

Reproductive Engineering techniques in mice: Technical manual [6] Prof Naomi Nakagata, Center for Animal Resources and Development, Kumamoto University, Japan


ANAT2341 Course Timetable  
Week (Mon) Lecture 1 (Mon 1-2pm) Lecture 2 (Tue 3-4pm) Practical (Fri 1-3pm)
Week 2 (1 Aug) Introduction Fertilization Lab 1
Week 3 (8 Aug) Week 1 and 2 Week 3 Lab 2
Week 4 (15 Aug) Mesoderm Ectoderm Lab 3
Week 5 (22 Aug) Early Vascular Placenta Lab 4
Week 6 (29 Aug) Gastrointestinal Respiratory Lab 5
Week 7 (5 Sep) Head Neural Crest Lab 6
Week 8 (12 Sep) Musculoskeletal Limb Development Lab 7
Week 9 (19 Sep) Renal Genital Lab 8
Mid-semester break
Week 10 (3 Oct) Public Holiday Stem Cells Lab 9
Week 11 (10 Oct) Integumentary Endocrine Lab 10
Week 12 (17 Oct) Heart Sensory Lab 11
Week 13 (24 Oct) Fetal Birth and Revision Lab 12

ANAT2341 2016: Moodle page | ECHO360 | Textbooks | Students 2016 | Projects 2016

ANAT2341Lectures - Textbook chapters  
Lecture (Timetable) Textbook - The Developing Human Textbook - Larsen's Human Embryology
Embryology Introduction Introduction to the Developing Human
Fertilization First Week of Human Development Gametogenesis, Fertilization, and First Week
Week 1 and 2 Second Week of Human Development Second Week: Becoming Bilaminar and Fully Implanting
Week 3 Third Week of Human Development Third Week: Becoming Trilaminar and Establishing Body Axes
Mesoderm Fourth to Eighth Weeks of Human Development Fourth Week: Forming the Embryo
Ectoderm Nervous System Development of the Central Nervous System
Early Vascular Cardiovascular System Development of the Vasculature
Placenta Placenta and Fetal Membranes Development of the Vasculature
Endoderm - GIT Alimentary System Development of the Gastrointestinal Tract
Respiratory Respiratory System Development of the Respiratory System and Body Cavities
Head Pharyngeal Apparatus, Face, and Neck Development of the Pharyngeal Apparatus and Face
Neural Crest Nervous System Development of the Peripheral Nervous System
Musculoskeletal Muscular System Development of the Musculoskeletal System
Limb Development of Limbs Development of the Limbs
Renal Urogenital System Development of the Urinary System
Genital Urogenital System Development of the Urinary System
Stem Cells
Integumentary Integumentary System Development of the Skin and Its Derivatives
Endocrine Covered through various chapters (see also alternate text), read head and neck, neural crest and renal chapters.
Endocrinology Textbook - Chapter Titles  
Nussey S. and Whitehead S. Endocrinology: An Integrated Approach (2001) Oxford: BIOS Scientific Publishers; ISBN-10: 1-85996-252-1.

Full Table of Contents

Heart Cardiovascular System Development of the Heart
Sensory Development of Eyes and Ears Development of the Eyes
Fetal Fetal Period Fetal Development and the Fetus as Patient
Birth and Revision
Additional Textbook Content - The following concepts also form part of the theory material covered throughout the course.
  1. Principles and Mechanisms of Morphogenesis and Dysmorphogenesis
  2. Common Signaling Pathways Used During Development
  3. Human Birth Defect

Glossary Links

Glossary: A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z | Numbers | Symbols | Term Link

Cite this page: Hill, M.A. (2020, February 17) Embryology ANAT2341 Lab 2. Retrieved from https://embryology.med.unsw.edu.au/embryology/index.php/ANAT2341_Lab_2

What Links Here?
© Dr Mark Hill 2020, UNSW Embryology ISBN: 978 0 7334 2609 4 - UNSW CRICOS Provider Code No. 00098G