Difference between revisions of "2011 Lab 12 - Abnormalities"

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==Introduction==
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'''Prenatal diagnosis''' are the clinical tools used to determine both normal and abnormal development. There are a growing number of both prenatal and neonatal clinical [[S#screening|screening]] methods for many disorders of development.
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[[File:Abnormal_AusData81-92.png]]
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== Statistics - Top Ten ==
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[[Image:Abnormal AusData81-92Graph.png|thumb|Australian Data 1981-92]]
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The ten most frequently reported birth defects in Victoria between 2003-2004 (More? [http://embryology.med.unsw.edu.au/Defect/page3c.htm Australian Statistics - Victoria])
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# [[H#hypospadia|Hypospadias]]
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# [[O#obstructive renal pelvis defect|Obstructive Defects of the Renal Pelvis]] or [[O#Obstructive Genitourinary Defects|Obstructive Genitourinary Defects]]
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# [[V#ventricular septal defect|Ventricular Septal Defect]]
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# [[C#congenital dislocated hip|Congenital Dislocated Hip]]
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# [[Trisomy 21]] or Down syndrome
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# [[H#hydrocephalus|Hydrocephalus]]
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# [[C#cleft palate|Cleft Palate]]
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# [[Trisomy 18]] or Edward Syndrome - multiple abnormalities of the heart, diaphragm, lungs, kidneys, ureters and palate 86% discontinued.
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# Renal Agenesis/Dysgenesis - reduction in neonatal death and stillbirth since 1993 may be due to the more severe cases being identified in utero and being represented amongst the increased proportion of terminations (approximately 31%).
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# [[C#cleft lip|Cleft Lip]] and Palate - occur with another defect in 33.7% of cases.
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<gallery>
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Image:Hypospadia_classifications.jpg|Hypospadia
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Image:Hydronephrosis.jpg|Obstructive Defect of the Renal Pelvis
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File:Ventricular_Septal_Defect.jpg|Ventricular Septal Defect
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Image:Congenital_dislocation_hip.jpg|Congenital dislocation hip
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Image:Trisomy21male.jpg|Trisomy 21 male
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Image:Hydrocephalus.jpg|Hydrocephalus
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Image:cleft_palate.jpg|Cleft palate
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Image:Trisomy18male.jpg|Trisomy 18 male
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Image:Bilateral_cleft_palate.jpg|Bilateral cleft palate
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</gallery>
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{| border='0px'
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|-
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| [[File:Male_external_001 icon.jpg|120px|link=Development_Animation_-_Genital_Male_External]]
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| [[File:Palate_001 icon.jpg|120px|link=Development_Animation_-_Palate 1]]
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| [[File:Palate_002 icon.jpg|120px|link=Development_Animation_-_Palate 2]]
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|-
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| [[Development_Animation_-_Genital_Male_External|Male External]]
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| [[Development_Animation_-_Palate 1|Palate and Lip]]
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| [[Development_Animation_-_Palate 2|Palate Formation]]
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|-
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|}
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{{Template:BGDALab12}}
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==Additional Information==
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'''Links:''' [http://embryology.med.unsw.edu.au/Defect/page1.htm UNSW Embryology - Abnormal Development] | [http://embryology.med.unsw.edu.au/Medicine/BGD2tutorial.htm Tutorial - Applied Embryology and Teratology]
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The links below are to more detailed information about some of the current prenatal diagnostic techniques and their applications.
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{{Template:Prenatal diagnosis}}
  
 
{{2011Lab12}}
 
{{2011Lab12}}

Revision as of 20:47, 18 October 2011

2011 Lab 12: Introduction | Embryo to Fetus | Second Trimester | Third Trimester | Birth | Neonatal | Abnormalities | Online Assessment

Introduction

Prenatal diagnosis are the clinical tools used to determine both normal and abnormal development. There are a growing number of both prenatal and neonatal clinical screening methods for many disorders of development.


Abnormal AusData81-92.png

Statistics - Top Ten

Australian Data 1981-92

The ten most frequently reported birth defects in Victoria between 2003-2004 (More? Australian Statistics - Victoria)

  1. Hypospadias
  2. Obstructive Defects of the Renal Pelvis or Obstructive Genitourinary Defects
  3. Ventricular Septal Defect
  4. Congenital Dislocated Hip
  5. Trisomy 21 or Down syndrome
  6. Hydrocephalus
  7. Cleft Palate
  8. Trisomy 18 or Edward Syndrome - multiple abnormalities of the heart, diaphragm, lungs, kidneys, ureters and palate 86% discontinued.
  9. Renal Agenesis/Dysgenesis - reduction in neonatal death and stillbirth since 1993 may be due to the more severe cases being identified in utero and being represented amongst the increased proportion of terminations (approximately 31%).
  10. Cleft Lip and Palate - occur with another defect in 33.7% of cases.
Male external 001 icon.jpg Palate 001 icon.jpg Palate 002 icon.jpg
Male External Palate and Lip Palate Formation



BGDsmall.jpg
Practical 12: Embryo to Fetus | Second Trimester | Third Trimester | Birth | Neonatal | Abnormalities



Additional Information

Links: UNSW Embryology - Abnormal Development | Tutorial - Applied Embryology and Teratology


The links below are to more detailed information about some of the current prenatal diagnostic techniques and their applications.

Diagnosis Links: Prenatal Diagnosis | pregnancy test | amniocentesis | chorionic villus sampling | ultrasound | Alpha-Fetoprotein | Pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A | Fetal Blood Sampling | Magnetic Resonance Imaging | Computed Tomography | Non-Invasive Prenatal Testing | Fetal Cells in Maternal Blood | Preimplantation Genetic Screening | Comparative Genomic Hybridization | Genome Sequencing | Neonatal Diagnosis | Category:Prenatal Diagnosis | Fetal Surgery | Classification of Diseases | Category:Neonatal Diagnosis
2011 Lab 12: Introduction | Embryo to Fetus | Second Trimester | Third Trimester | Birth | Neonatal | Abnormalities | Online Assessment

Glossary Links

Glossary: A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z | Numbers | Symbols | Term Link

Cite this page: Hill, M.A. (2020, September 22) Embryology 2011 Lab 12 - Abnormalities. Retrieved from https://embryology.med.unsw.edu.au/embryology/index.php/2011_Lab_12_-_Abnormalities

What Links Here?
© Dr Mark Hill 2020, UNSW Embryology ISBN: 978 0 7334 2609 4 - UNSW CRICOS Provider Code No. 00098G