Difference between revisions of "2010 BGD Practical 3 - Gastrulation"

From Embryology
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These three germ cell layers (ectoderm, mesoderm, endoderm) will form in a layer specific manner all the future tissues of the developing embryo.  
 
These three germ cell layers (ectoderm, mesoderm, endoderm) will form in a layer specific manner all the future tissues of the developing embryo.  
 
[[Image:streak.jpg]]
 
  
 
== Gastrulation ==
 
== Gastrulation ==
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Through the '''primitive streak '''cells migrate continuously through week 3 into week 4. Initial cells replace hypoblast as an epithelial layer the '''endoderm'''. Later migrating cells spread between the two epithelial layers to form '''mesoderm'''.
 
Through the '''primitive streak '''cells migrate continuously through week 3 into week 4. Initial cells replace hypoblast as an epithelial layer the '''endoderm'''. Later migrating cells spread between the two epithelial layers to form '''mesoderm'''.
  
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==Movies==
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{| border='0px'
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|-
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| [[File:Week2_001 icon.jpg|90px|link=Development_Animation_-_Implantation]]
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| [[File:Mesoderm 001 icon.jpg|90px|link=Development_Animation_-_Mesoderm]]
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| [[File:Chorion 001 icon.jpg|90px|link=Development Animation - Chorionic Cavity]]
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| [[File:Amnion 001 icon.jpg|90px|link=Development Animation - Amniotic Cavity]]
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| [[File:Week3_folding icon.jpg|90px|link=Development Animation - Week 3]]
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|-
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| [[Development_Animation_-_Implantation|Implantation]]
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| [[Development_Animation_-_Mesoderm|Mesoderm]]
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| [[Development Animation - Chorionic Cavity|Chorionic Cavity]]
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| [[Development Animation - Amniotic Cavity|Amniotic Cavity]]
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| [[Development_Animation_-_Week 3|Week 3]]
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{{Template:2010BGDLab3}}
 
== Terms ==
 
* '''bilaminar'''- having 2 layers
 
* '''blastocyst-''' the developmental stage following morula, as this stage matures, the zona pellucia is lost allowing the conceptus to adplant and then implant into the uterine wall.
 
* '''inner cell mass'''- the clump of cells found inside the blastocyst. These cells will go in to form the embryo, these are the "stem cells" (we here about in the media) that are totipotential, they can form any tissue in the embryo. Mature oocyte-the female germ cell released at ovulation from the ovary.
 
* '''pronuclei'''- the male (sperm) and female (oocyte) nuclei within the fertilized oocyte, prior to their combination to form the new embryo's nuclei.
 
* '''trilaminar embryonic disc'''- the 3 layered embryo stage.
 
* '''Trophoblasts'''- (Gr. trophe = nutrition) outer layer of cells on blastocyst that will generate the embryonic part of the placenta.
 
  
  
 
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{{Template:BGDFooter2010}}

Revision as of 20:33, 9 May 2010

BGDsmall.jpg

Practical 3: Oogenesis and Ovulation | Gametogenesis | Fertilization | Early Cell Division | Week 1 | Implantation | Week 2 | Extraembryonic Spaces | Gastrulation | Notochord | Week 3 | Quiz


Introduction

Gastrulation means "gut forming" and converts the inner cell mass which then formed the bilaminar embryo (epiblast, hypoblast) into the trilaminar embryo (ectoderm, mesoderm, endoderm).

The process involves the migration of cells from the epiblast layer through the primitive streak to form first the endoderm layer and then a second intermediate layer the mesoderm layer. Once all cells have left the epiblast layer it now becomes the ectoderm layer.

These three germ cell layers (ectoderm, mesoderm, endoderm) will form in a layer specific manner all the future tissues of the developing embryo.

Gastrulation

Carnegie Stage 7 and 8, gastrulation, migration of cells through the primitive streak to form endoderm and mesodermal layers of embryo.


Scanning electron micrograph through the streak region showing the early forming 3 layers: ectoderm, mesoderm and endoderm.


Stage 7

Features: embryonic disc, primitive node, primative streak, primitive groove, yolk sac

Facts: Week 3, 15 - 17 days, 0.4 mm

View 1: embryonic disc, showing the epiblast viewed from the amniotic (dorsal) side.

Events: Gastrulation is continuing as cells migrate from the epiblast, continuing to form mesoderm.

Mesoderm lies between the ectoderm and endoderm as a continuous sheet except at the buccopharyngeal and cloacal membranes. These membranes have ectoderm and endoderm only and will lie at the rostral (head) and caudal (tail) of the gastrointestinal tract.

|- | File:Stage7n2.jpg | Axes:

embryonic disc is shown rostral (head) to top and caudal (tail) to bottom.

Left and right are the lateral margins of the disc as shown.

 

|- | File:Stage7n4.jpg | Folding:

all edges of the embryonic disc will fold ventrally, forming a rostro-caudal "C" shaped tube.

|- | File:Stage7n5.jpg | Gastrulation:

Through the primitive streak cells migrate continuously through week 3 into week 4. Initial cells replace hypoblast as an epithelial layer the endoderm. Later migrating cells spread between the two epithelial layers to form mesoderm.

|}

Movies

Week2 001 icon.jpg Mesoderm 001 icon.jpg Chorion 001 icon.jpg Amnion 001 icon.jpg Week3 folding icon.jpg
Implantation Mesoderm Chorionic Cavity Amniotic Cavity Week 3
BGDsmall.jpg

Practical 3: Oogenesis and Ovulation | Gametogenesis | Fertilization | Early Cell Division | Week 1 | Implantation | Week 2 | Extraembryonic Spaces | Gastrulation | Notochord | Week 3 | Quiz



Glossary Links

Glossary: A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z | Numbers | Symbols | Term Link
2010 BGD: Lecture 1 | Lecture 2 | Practical 3 | Practical 6 | Practical 12

Cite this page: Hill, M.A. (2021, July 23) Embryology 2010 BGD Practical 3 - Gastrulation. Retrieved from https://embryology.med.unsw.edu.au/embryology/index.php/2010_BGD_Practical_3_-_Gastrulation

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© Dr Mark Hill 2021, UNSW Embryology ISBN: 978 0 7334 2609 4 - UNSW CRICOS Provider Code No. 00098G