Talk:Anatomy of the Human Body by Henry Gray
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Anatomy of the Human Body on the Web for iPhone/iPad
- B&W tiff pages http://www.archive.org/details/anatomyhumanbod00lewigoog
- On the structure and use of the spleen (1854) http://archive.org/details/onstructureandu00graygoog
- Anatomy : descriptive and surgical (1858) http://archive.org/details/anatomydescripti1858gray
- Anatomy, descriptive and applied (1913) http://archive.org/details/anatomydescript00gray
Search PubMed: Anatomy of the Human Body
Anatomy in a Modern Medical Curriculum
Ann R Coll Surg Engl. 2007 Mar;89(2):104-7.
Weatherall Institute of Molecular Medicine, University of Oxford, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, UK. firstname.lastname@example.org
Anatomy in undergraduate education has been in decline for many years. Some suggest that it has fallen below a safe level. Balances between detail and safety, and assimilation and application of anatomy have yet to be established as the methods of teaching undergo another metamorphosis. For doctors, the human body is the focus of investigation and intervention on a daily basis; for this reason, the study of anatomy in some form will continue to be essential to safe medical practice. It is necessary for core knowledge of anatomy to be assimilated by all doctors in order to practice and communicate safely. It may be true that most doctors do not need to dissect a cadaver or study a prosection in order to practice, but if it can improve their understanding of what they do and why they do it, this surely has to be of benefit both for the safety of the patient and satisfaction of the doctor as a professional. Integration of newer teaching modalities and modern technology will encourage interest and retention of anatomical knowledge and its clinical relevance. Anatomy has a promising future in postgraduate specialist and surgical training. Detailed knowledge should be integrated into specialist training when it is clinically relevant allowing specialists of the future to practice safely and accurately and also to provide a strong base for future clinical developments.
Anatomy online: presentation of a detailed WWW atlas of human gross anatomy--reference for medical education.
Jastrow H, Vollrath L.
Clin Anat. 2002 Nov;15(6):402-8.
We present an online anatomy atlas based on the Visible Human Project (VHP) of the US National Library of Medicine. The objective is to provide original unlabeled as well as labeled sections of the human body of high quality and resolution on the Internet, for use in basic and continuing medical education. For a representative overview of the body, 370 axial sections were selected from the male and female data base of the VHP with special regard to regions of clinical interest. Each section is accompanied by its corresponding computer tomography (CT) image and, if available, magnetic resonance images (MRI) for quick and easy comparison of morphologic and radiologic structures. The sections can be studied unlabeled or labeled according to the current Terminologia Anatomica. A linked vocabulary with more than 850 terms explains the labeling. Animations of the sections as well as of CT and MR images allow for further visualization of the topographic relationships of anatomical structures. The responses to the project indicate that students and physicians regard the Internet Atlas of Human Gross Anatomy as a most useful aid for learning and reviewing anatomical details. The atlas is accessible on: http://www.uni-mainz.de/FB/Medizin/Anatomie/workshop/vishuman/Eready.html. Copyright 2002 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Br J Radiol. 2004;77 Spec No 2:S108-13.
John NW, McCloy RF.
School of Informatics, University of Wales, Bangor LL57 1UT and University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9PL, UK.
This paper provides an overview of the main techniques being used for three-dimensional (3D) visualization of medical data sets and highlights some of the clinical benefits that can be obtained. One of the major advantages of using a 3D representation is that all of the slice data produced by the latest multislice CT and high gradient MR scanners can be utilized, and then presented to the clinician in an intuitive format. Continued advances in technology mean that high resolution 3D representations of patient specific anatomy can now be routinely obtained and so provide valuable input to diagnosis, planning and navigation tasks. Examples from these areas are presented and illustrated below. Future developments and possibilities are also discussed.
Gray H. On the development of the retina and optic nerve, and of the membranous labyrinth and auditory nerve. (1850) Phil. Trans. Royal Soc Lond. 140: 189-200.
Gray H. On the Development of the Retina and Optic Nerve, and of the Membranous Labyrinth and Auditory Nerve (1850) Phil. Trans. Royal Soc Lond. 140: 189-200.