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Gladstone RJ. and Wakeley C. The Pineal Organ. (1940) Bailliere, Tindall & Cox, London. PDF

   The Pineal Organ (1940): 1 Introduction | 2 Historical Sketch | 3 Types of Vertebrate and Invertebrate Eyes | Eyes of Invertebrates: 4 Coelenterates | 5 Flat worms | 6 Round worms | 7 Rotifers | 8 Molluscoida | 9 Echinoderms | 10 Annulata | 11 Arthropods | 12 Molluscs | 13 Eyes of Types which are intermediate between Vertebrates and Invertebrates | 14 Hemichorda | 15 Urochorda | 16 Cephalochorda | The Pineal System of Vertebrates: 17 Cyclostomes | 18 Fishes | 19 Amphibians | 20 Reptiles | 21 Birds | 22 Mammals | 23 Geological Evidence of Median Eyes in Vertebrates and Invertebrates | 24 Relation of the Median to the Lateral Eyes | The Human Pineal Organ : 25 Development and Histogenesis | 26 Structure of the Adult Organ | 27 Position and Anatomical Relations of the Adult Pineal Organ | 28 Function of the Pineal Body | 29 Pathology of Pineal Tumours | 30 Symptomatology and Diagnosis of Pineal Tumours | 31 Treatment, including the Surgical Approach to the Pineal Organ, and its Removal: Operative Technique | 32 Clinical Cases | 33 General Conclusions | Glossary | Bibliography
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The Pineal Organ

Bibliography and Index of Authors

Abel, O. (1920). Lehrbuch der Palceozoologie. Gustav Fischer, Jena. Achucarro, N., and Sacristan, J. D. (1913). Zur Kenntniss der Ganglien zellen der menschlichen Zirbeldruse, Trab. del lab. de inv. biol., 11. (1912). Investigaciones histologicus e histopatologicus sobre la glandula

pineal humana, ibid., 10. Agduhr, E. (1932). Choroid Plexus and Ependyma. E. V. Cowdry, Cytology

and Cellular Pathology of the Nervous System. W. Penfield. Vol. II,

PP- 535-74Ahlborn, F. (1883). Untersuchungen iiber das Gehirn der Petromyzonten,

Z.f. wiss. Zool., 30, 191-294. Almeida Dias, A. (1930). Ueber einen Pinealtumor mit multiplen Fliomen,

Mschr. Psychiat. Neurol., 86, 9. Altmann, F. (1930). Ueber ein Dermoid der Zirbeldruse Wien, Klin. Wschr.,

43, 108. Amprino, R. (1935). Transformazioni della ghiandola pineale dell uomo e

degli animali nell accressimento e nella senescenza, Arch. Ital. Anat.

Embr., 34, Fasc. 4, 446. Andrews, E. A. (1891). Compound Eyes of Annelids, J. Morph., 5, 271. Aschner, B. (1918). Die Blutdriisenerkrangungen des Weibes. Wiesbaden.

Physiologie der Hypophyse. Handbuch der inneren Sekretion, II.,

Liefkabitzsch. Bailey, P. Pinealomas, Intracranial Tumours, 1933, Ch. 16, p. 331. Chicago. Bailey, P., and Jelliffe, S. E. (191 1). Arch, intern. Med., 8, 851. Balada, M. (1927). Tumores de la Epifisis, Arch, argent. Neurol., 1, 10. Balfour, F. M. (1885). Comparative Embryology. Vol. II, pp. 432, 498. Baudouin, A., L'Hermitte, J., and Lereboullet, J. (1932). Un Cas de

Pinealome : Absence de Macrogenitosomie precoce. Le Probleme de

la Cachexie hypophysaire, Rev. neurol., 1, 388. (1932). Un Cas de Pinealome : Absence de Macrogenitosomie precoce.

Le probleme de la Cachexie Hypophysaire, ibid., No. 3. Beard, J. (1889). The Parietal Eye of Cyclostome Fishes. O. J. Micr. Sc, 29,

N.S., 55(1889). The Development of the Peripheral Nervous System, Q. J.

Micr. Sc, 29, 153-223. (1887). The Eye of Vertebrates and the Third Eye of Reptiles. Nature,

21st May, 246. Bedford, T. H. B. (1934). Brain. Part I, 57. Benecke, E. (1936). L'ber die funktionelle Bedeutung der Zirbelgeschwulste.

Virchows Arch., 297, 26-39. 32 497


498 BIBLIOGRAPHY AND INDEX OF AUTHORS

Beraneck, E. (1892). Sur le nerf parietal et la morphologie du troisieme oeil

des vertebres, Anat. Anz. Jahrg., 7. Berblinger, W. (1928). Die Theorien iiber die Zirbelfunktion und ihre

anatomischen Grundlagen. Arch.f. Psychiatr., 85. (1929). Pineal Form of Pubertas Praecox; Pineal Hypertrophy

of Genitalia in Adults, Deutsche Med. Wochenschrift, 55, 1926.

(1921). Zur Frage der Zirbelfunktion, Virchows Arch., 237, 144.

Berger (1878). Untersuchungen iiber den Bau des Gehirns und der

Retina der Arthropoden, Arb. a.d. Zool. Institut. Wien. Bernard, H. M. (1896). An Attempt to deduce the Vertebrate Eyes from the

Skin, Q.J. Micr. Sc, 39, N.S. Bertkau (1886). Beitrage zur Kenntniss der Sinnesorgane der Spinnen. I.

Die Augen der Spinnen, Arch.f. mikr. Anat., 27. Bienstock (1926). Tumour of Pineal Gland, Schweiz. med. Woch., 56, 502

(abstr. J. Amer. med. Ass., 87, 284). Braem, F. (1898). Epiphysis und Hypophysis von Rana, Zeitschr. f. wiss.

Zool., 63. Broom, R. (1930). The Origin of the Human Skeleton. H. F. and G. Witherby,

London. Brown, R. S. (1938). The Anatomy of the Polychaete Ophelia cluthensis, Proc.

Roy. Soc. Edin., 58, Part II, 135. Buchanan, L. (1907). Notes on the Comparative Anatomy of the Eye, 27,

262. de Busscher, J. (1936). Tumour epiphysaire : envahissement des ventricules

cerebraux, J. beige de neurol. et de psychist., 36, 373-85. Calvet, Jean (1934). UEpiphyse {Gland Pineale). J. B. Bailliere et Fils,

Paris. Cameron, H. (1902-3). On the Origin of the Pineal Body as an Amesial

Structure deduced from a Study of its Development in Amphibia,

Proc. Roy. Soc. Edin., 24. (1903-4). On the Origin of the Epiphysis Cerebri as a Bilateral Structure

in the Chick, ibid., 25. (1903). On the Origin of the Pineal Body as an Amesial Structure,

deduced from a Study of its Development in Amphibia, Anat. Anz., 23. Cattie, J. T. (1882). Recherches sur la gland pineale, Arch, de Biol., 101-194. Clarke, J. M. (1888). The Structure and Development of the Visual Area in

the Trilobite Phacops rana, Green. J. Morphology, II. Cooper, Eugenia, R.A. (1932). J. Anat., 67, 28. Cunningham, J. T., vide Vallentin, R. (1888). The Photospheria of Nycti phanes Norvegica, Q.J. Micr. Sc, 28, N.S., 321. Cushing, H. (1914). Studies on the Cerebrospinal Fluid, J. Med. Research,

31, 1-20. (1925). The Cameron Lectures : I. The Third Circulation and its

Channels, Lancet, 2, 851. Dana, C. L., and Berkeley, W. N. (1913). The Functions of the Pineal

Gland, Med. Rec, 83, 835. Dandy and Blackfan (1914). Amer. J. Dis. Child., 8, 406.


BIBLIOGRAPHY AND INDEX OF AUTHORS 499

Dandy, W. E. (1919). Ann. Surg., 70, 129.

(1929). J. Amer. Med. Ass., 92, 2012.

(1915)- Extirpation of the Pineal Body, J. Exp. Med., 22.

(1921). Surg., Gynec, and Obstetrics.

(192 1). Operation for Removal of Pineal Tumours, Surg., Gynec, Obstet.,

33, 113. (1936). Operative Experience in Cases of Pineal Tumour, Arch. Surg.,

33, 19-46. Darkschewitsch, L. (1886). Zur Anatomie der Glandula pinealis, Neurol.

Zbl., 5. Dean, A. (1895). Fishes, Living and Fossil. Colombia University Biological

Series. New York. Dendy, A. (1907). On the Parietal Sense-organs and Associated Structures

in the New Zealand Lamprey {Geotria australis), Q.J. Micr. Sc. 51, 1.

(1911)- Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc, Ser. B, 201, 227.

and Nicholls, G. E. (1910). On the Occurrence of a Mesocoelic Recess

in the Human Brain and its Relation to the Subcommissural Organ of

Lower Vertebrates with Special Reference to the Distribution of

Reissner's Fibre in the Vertebrate Series, Proc. Roy. Soc, Ser. B, 82. Dexter, F. (1902). The Development of the Paraphysis in the Common

Fowl, Amer. J. Anat., 2. Dimitrowa, Mlle. Z. (1900-1). Recherche sur la structure de la glande pineale

chez quelques mamiferes. These de Nancy.

(1901). Le Nevraxe.

Duke-Elder, S. (1934). Recent Advances in Ophthalmology, J. and A. Churchill,

London. " Origin of Melanin," pp. 170 et seq. Dyes, O. (1936). Verlagerungen den verkalten Zirbeldriise auf dem seitlichen

Rontgenbild des Schadels, Nervenarzt., 4, 11-14. Egas Moniz, Pinto, A., and Almeida Lima (1930). " Tumeur de la Glande

pineale irriguee par un Seul des Groupes sylviens. Diagnostic par

L'Epreuve encephalographique," Rev. Neurol., 2, 51. Elkington, J. St. C. (1932). Calcified Pineal Tumour, Proc. Roy. Soc. Med.,

25, 1533Engel, P. (1936). Die physiologische und pathologische Bedeutung der

Zirbeldriise. Ergebn. d. inn. Med. u. Kinderh., 50, 1 16-71. Exner, A., and Boese (1910). Dtsch. Z. Chir., 107, 182. Eycleshymer, A. C. (1892). Paraphysis and Epiphysis in Amblystoma, Anat.

Anz., 7 Jahrg., 215. Favaro, C. (1904). Le fibre nervose prepineali e pineali nell' encefalo di

mammiferi, Arch, di Anat. e di Embriol., 3, fasc. 3. Fleischmann, W., and Goldhammer, H. (1936). Zur Frage der hormonalen

Wirkung der Zirbeldriise, Klin. Wschr., 15, 1047-8. Foa, C. (1912). Archives italiennes de Biologie, 233. R.N. 1, 675.

(1928). Pineal Gland in Fowls. Arch, di Sc. biol., 12, 300.

(1929). Arch. ital. de Biol., 81, 147-158.

Froriep, A. (1906). Ueber die Herleitung des Wirbelthierauges von Auge der

Ascidienlarve, Verh. Anat. Gesellsch. (Rostock), Anat. Anz., Suppl., 29, 145.


500 BIBLIOGRAPHY AND INDEX OF AUTHORS

Gaskell, W. H. (1908). Origin of Vertebrates.

(1890). On the Origin of Vertebrates from a Crustacean-like Ancestor,

O.J.Micr. Sc, 31.

(1910). Discussion on the Origin of Vertebrates, Proc. Linnean Soc.

of London, Session 122.

Gaupp, E. Zirbel, Parietal organ und Paraphysis. Ergebnisse der Anat. und Entwicklungsgeschichte, von Merkel und Bonnet.

van Gehuchten, P. (1936). Un cas de tumeur de l'epiphyse, J. beige Neurol, Psychiat., 36, 69-72.

Gladstone, R. J. (1910). A Cyclops and Agnathic Lamb, Brit. Med. J., 2, 1159.

and Dunlop, H. A. (1927). A Case of Hydrocephalus in an Infant with

Comments on the Secretion, Circulation, and Absorption of the Cerebrospinal Fluid, ^7. Anat., 61, 366.

Gladstone, R. J., and Wakeley, C. P. G. (1920). A Cyclops Lamb (C Rhinocephalus), ibid., 54, 196.

Glaser, M. A. (1929). Tumours of Pineal, Corpora Quadrigemina, and Third Ventricle : Inter-relationship of their Syndromes and their Surgical Treatment, Brain, 52, 226.

Glick, D., and Biskind, G. R. (1936). Studies in Histochemistry : Relationship between Concentration of Vitamin C and Development of Pineal Gland, Proc. Soc. Exper. Biol. U. Med., 34, 866-70.

Globus, J. H., and Silbert, S. (1931). Pinealomas, Arch. Neurol. Psychiat.,

25, 937 (1932). Pinealoma with Supratentorial Extension, Libman Anniv. Vols.,

2, 491.

Grenacher, H (1879). Untersuchungen uber das Sehorgan der Arthropoden, 76, 100. Gottingen.

Haldeman, K. O. (1927). Tumours of Pineal Gland, ibid., 18, 724.

Hanson, A. M. (1937). Histology of the Pineal Gland and its Probable Physiologic Function, Minnesota Med., 20, 78.

(1936). Biologic Effects of Active Thymus and Pineal Extracts : Brief

Review, ibid., 19, 1-4. Hanstrom, B. (1926). Eine genetische Studie uber die Augen und

Sehzentren von Turbellarian, Anneliden und Arthropoden, Kungl.

Swenska Vetenskapsakademiens, Hardlinger Tredje Serien, 4,

No. 1. Upsala. Harris, W., and Cairns, H. (1932). Diagnosis and Treatment of Pineal

Tumours, with Report of Case, Lancet, 1,3. den Hartog Jager, W. A., and Heil, J. F. (1935)- t'ber die Epiphysefrage,

Acta brev. Neerland., 5, 32-4. Heider, v. Korschelt. Heintz, A. (1932). The Structure of Dinichthys. The Bashford Dean

Memorial : Archaic Fishes, No. IV, New York. Herring, P. T. (1927). The Pineal Region of the Mammalian Brain, its Morphology and Histology in relation to Function, Quart. J. exp. Physiol.,

17, 125.


BIBLIOGRAPHY AND INDEX OF AUTHORS 5OI

Hertwig, O. (1880). Die Chaetognathen . G. Fischer. Jena.

Hesse, R. (1898). Untersuchungen iiber die Organe der Lichtempfindung

bei niederen Thieren. Die Sehorgane des Amphioxus, Z. f. wiss.

Zool., 63. Hewer, Evelyn, v. Lucas Keene. Hill, Cha. (1891). Development of the Epiphysis in Coregonus albus, J.

Morph., 5, 503.

(1894). The Epiphysis of Teleosts and Amia, ibid., 9, 237.

(1900). Two Epiphyses in a Four-day Chick, Bull. North-Western Univ.

Med. Sch., Chicago, Nov. 1900. Hills, E. S. (1933). ^n a Primitive Dipnoan from the Middle Devonian

Rocks of New South Wales. Annals and Magazine of Nat. History,

Ser. 10, 11, 634. Hochstetter, F. (192 1 ). Verhandl. d. anat. Ges. a.d. 30 Vers, in Marburg,

193-212. Hoffmann, C. K. (1891). Bronns Klass. und Ord. Thierreichs, 6, Abt. 3, 1891.

Epiphyse u. Parietalauge. Hofstatter, R. (1936). Organotherapeutische Versuche mit Hilfe von Zirbel extrakten, besonders bei sexueller Uebererregbarkeit, Wien. klin. Wschr.,

49, 136-7. Horrax, G., and Bailey, P. (1925). Tumours of Pineal Body, ibid., 13, 423. Horrax, G. (1927). Differential Diagnosis of Tumours Primarily Pineal and

Primarily Pontile, Arch. Neurol. Psychiat., 21.

(1936). Further Observations on Tumour of Pineal Body, ibid., 35, 215-28.

(1927). " Differential Diagnosis of Tumours Primarily Pineal and

Primarily Pontine," ibid., 17, 179. Howard and Bell (1916). Hyperplasia of the Pineal Body, J. Nerv. Men. Dis.,

44, 481. Howell, C. M. Hinds (1909-10). Proc.Roy. Soc. Med. (Neurol. Sect.), 3, 65. Imms, A. D. (1925). A General Textbook of Entomology, including the Anatomy,

Physiology, and Classification of Insects. Methuen and Co., London. Izawa, Y. (1922). On the Experimental Removal of the Pineal Body in Chickens.

Trans. Japanese Path. Soc, 12, 139. Jaensch, P. A. (193 i). " Doppelseitige Trohlearisparese als einzige Motilitats storung bei Zirbeldrusentumor," Z. Augenheilk., 75, 58. Johnson (1901). Contributions to the Comparative Anatomy of the Mammalian Eye, chiefly based on Ophthalmoscopic Examination, Phil.

Trans. Roy. Soc, B, 194, 70. Joseph, H. (1904). Ueber eigentumliche Zellstrukturen im Zentralnerven system des Amphioxus, Anat. Anz. Ergdnzlingsheft z, 25 (Verg. d. anat.

Ges, 1904). Keibel, F. (1906). Die Entwicklungsgeschichte des Wirbelthierauges, Klin.

Monatsbl. Augenheilk, 44, N.S., Bd. II, 112. Kiaer, J. (1924). Downtonian Fauna of Norway. I. Anaspida, Videnskaps.

Skr. Mat. Naturw. KI. Cristiania. Kingsley, J. S. (1886). Development of the Compound Eye of Crangon,

Zool. Anz., 9, 597.


502 BIBLIOGRAPHY AND INDEX OF AUTHORS

Kishinouye, K. (1891). On the Development of Araneina. J. Coll. Sci., Imp. Univ. Japan, 4, 82.

(1894). Notes on the Eyes of Cardium nuticum, ibid., 6, 279.

Klinckowstrom, A. de (1893). Le premier developpement de l'oeil parietal, l'epiphyse et le nerf parietal chez Iguana tuberculata, Anat. Anz., Jahrg. 8, 289.

(1893). Die Zirbel und das Foramen parietale bei Callichthys (asper.

und littoralis), ibid., Jahrg. 8, 561. Klippel, M., Weil, M. P., and Minvielle (1920). Un cas de Tumeur epi physaire, Rev. Neurol., 27, 1202. Kobcke, H. (1936). L'ber den heutigen Stand der Epiphysenforschung,

Dtsch. med. Wschr., 62, 1 134-7. Korschelt und Heider (1890). Lehrbuch der vergleichenden Entwicklungs geschichte der wirbellossen Tiere, 1, Jena. Krabbe, K. H. (1915). (Abstract) : 62, Rev. Neurol. Psychiat., Edinburgh, 13,

300. Krabbe, Kund. (1916). Anat. Hefte, 54, 191.

Krockert, G. (1936). Die Wirkung der Verfiitterung von Schilddriisen und Zirbeldriisensubstanz an Lebistes reticulatus (Zahn karpfen), Z. ges. exper. Med., 98, 214-20. Kup, G., and Veghelyi, F. (1935). Effect of Castration on Pineal Body of

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der Senckb. (naturf.) Gessellschf. Frankfurt a. M., 19, 441-552. Liebert, E. (1929). Ueber Epiphysentumoren, Dtsch. Z. Nervenheilk., 108,

101. Locy, W. A. (1894). The Derivation of the Pineal Eye, Anat. Anz., 9, 169.

(1894). The Optic Vesicles of Elasmobranchs, J. Morph., 9, 115.

Lowne, B. T. (1883). On the Structure and Function of the Eyes of Arthropoda, Proc. Roy. Soc. London, 35, No. 225, 140-7.

(1893-5). The Anatomy, Physiology, Morphology, and Development of the

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Myelination in the Human Central Nervous System, J. Anat., 66, 1. Luce, H. (1921). Zur Diagnostik der Zirbelgeschwiilste und zur Kritik der cerebralen Adipositas, ibid., 68-9, 187.


BIBLIOGRAPHY AND INDEX OF AUTHORS 503

MacBride, E. W. (19 14). Textbook of Embryology. Vol. I. Invertebrata.

(Apical plate and Eyes of Tornaria Larvse (Morgan). Macmillan & Co.,

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Mann, Ida C. (1928). The Development of the Human Eye, Camb. Univ. Press. Marburg, O. (1920). Neuer Studien iiber die Zirbeldruse, Arb. Neurol.,

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(1928). Adipositas cerebralis, Wien med. Wschr.

(1909). Zur kenntniss der normalen u. path. Histologic der Zirbeldruse,

Arb. Neurol. Inst. Wien. Univ., 12. Meyer, R. (1936). Das Verhalten mehrerer nucleolarer Blasen im Kernstoff wechsel der Pinealzellen des Menschen und die Entstehung der Kern falten, Z. Zellforsch. mikr. Anat., 25, 173-80. Uber den morphologisch fassbaren Kernstoffwechsel der Parenchymzellen

der Epiphysis cerebri des Menschen, ibid., 25, 83-98. Minot, C. S. (1901). On the Morphology of the Pineal Region, based upon

its Development in Acanthias, Amer. J. Anat., 1, 81. Moeller, J. v. (1887). Arch.f. Anthropologie, 17, s. 173.

(1890). Einiges uber die Zirbeldruse des Chimpanse, Verhandl. der

Naturuf. Ges. in Basel. Muller, W. (1874). Ueber die Stammesentwickelung des Sehorgans der Wirbel thiere. Festgabe, C. Ludwig, Leipzig. Nowikoff, M. (1910). Untersuchungen uber den Bau, die Entwicklung und

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Heft 1. Orlandi, N. (1922). Lo stato altnale delle nostre connoscenze sulla ghiandola

pineale, Osp. maggiore, 10. (1929). Richerche istologiche su 107 pineali de bambini, Rev.

sud-amer. Endocrin., 2, No. 6, Ref. en Pathologica. Parhon, C. I., Stefanescu-Dragomireanu, M., and Marculescu, A. (i93 6 ) Action d'un extrait epiphysaire sur quelques constituants biochemiques

du sang. Augmentation de la potassemie, Bull. Acad. Med. Paris,

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(1889). Studies on the Eyes of Arthropods, J. Morph. 1 and 2 (1887,

1889). (1891). The Compound Eyes in Crustaceans, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 21,

45 (1899). The Photomechanical Changes in the Retinal Pigment of Gam marus, ibid., 25, 143. Patten, W. (1888-9). Studies on the Eyes of Arthropods, J. Morph., 2, 97~ I 90.

On the Morphology and Physiology of the Brain and Sense Organs of

Limulus, Q.J. Micr. Sc, 35.

(1890). On the Origin of Vertebrates from Arachnids, Q. J. Micr. Sc,

31, N.S., 317. (1912). The Evolution of the Vertebrates and their Kin, J. and A. Churchill.


504 BIBLIOGRAPHY AND INDEX OF AUTHORS

Pellizzi (1910). La sindrome epifisaria " macrogenitosomia precoce," Rio.

ital. Neurol., Psich. Elettrot, 3, 193 e 250. Penfield, W. (1928). Cowdry's Special Cytology, Hoeber, N.Y. Pines (1927). t'ber der Innervation der Epiphyse, Z. ges. Neurol. Psychiat., 3. Prenant, A. (1893-4). Sur l'oeil parietal accessoire, Anat. Anz., 9, 103. Quast, P. (1930). Beitrage zur Histologic und Cytologie der normalen Zirbel driise des Menschen, Z. mikrs. anat. Forsch., 23, 335. (193 1). Beitrage zur Histologic und Cytologie der normalen Zirbeldriise

des Menschen, ibid., 24. Radovici, A. (1936). Le syndrome pseudo-epiphysaire. Macro-genitosomie

precoce d'origine post-encephalopathique, Bull. Acad. Med. de Roumanie,

1, 194-9. del Rio Hortega, v. Penfield, W. (1928). The Pineal Gland. Robinson, Margaret (1892). On the Nauplius Eye persisting in some Decapods, Q. J. Micr. Sc, 23. Rowntree, L. G. (1938). The Pineal in Health and Disease, The Practitioner's

Library of Medicine and Surgery, 13, Chap. V, 46.

(1936). Abstract : Biologic Effects of Pineal Extract (Hanson), Science,

83, 164-5.

(1936). Biological Effects of Pineal Extract (Hanson) ; Accruing Retardation in Growth and accruing Acceleration in Development in Successive Generations of Rats under Continuous Treatment with Pineal Extract, Endocrinology, 20, 348-57.

and Others (1936). Further Studies on Thymus and Pineal Glands,

Pennsylvania M. J., 39, 603-6.

, Clark, J. H., Steinberg, A., and Hanson, A. M. (1936). Biologic

Effects of Pineal Extract (Hanson) ; Amplification of Effects in Young, resulting from Treatment of Successive Generations of Parent Rats, J. A.M. A., 106, 370-3.

Ruckhard, R. (1886). Zur Deutung der Zirbeldriise, Zool. Anz., s. 405.

(1882). Zur Deutung und Entwickelungsgeschichte des Gehirns der

knochenfische, Arch.f. Anat. und Physiol. Rush, H. P., Bilderback, J. B., Slocum, D., and Rogers, A. (1937). Pubertas

Praecox (Macrogenitosomia), Endocrinology, 21, 404. Schachter, M. (1936). Nos connaissances actuelles concernant l'epiphyse,

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