Book - An Introduction to the Study of Embryology - Appendix B

From Embryology
Embryology - 7 Aug 2020    Facebook link Pinterest link Twitter link  Expand to Translate  
Google Translate - select your language from the list shown below (this will open a new external page)

العربية | català | 中文 | 中國傳統的 | français | Deutsche | עִברִית | हिंदी | bahasa Indonesia | italiano | 日本語 | 한국어 | မြန်မာ | Pilipino | Polskie | português | ਪੰਜਾਬੀ ਦੇ | Română | русский | Español | Swahili | Svensk | ไทย | Türkçe | اردو | ייִדיש | Tiếng Việt    These external translations are automated and may not be accurate. (More? About Translations)

A personal message from Dr Mark Hill (May 2020)  
Mark Hill.jpg
I have decided to take early retirement in September 2020. During the many years online I have received wonderful feedback from many readers, researchers and students interested in human embryology. I especially thank my research collaborators and contributors to the site. The good news is Embryology will remain online and I will continue my association with UNSW Australia. I look forward to updating and including the many exciting new discoveries in Embryology!

Haddon An Introduction to the Study of Embryology. (1887) P. Blakiston, Son & Co., Philadelphia.
Haddon 1887: Chapter I. Maturation and Fertilisation of Ovum | Chapter II. Segmentation and Gastrulation | Chapter III. Formation of Mesoblast | Chapter IV. General Formation of the Body and Appendages | Chapter V. Organs from Epiblast | Chapter VI Organs from Hypoblast | Chapter VII. Organs from Mesoblast | Chapter VIII. General Considerations | Appendix A | Appendix B

Online Editor 
Mark Hill.jpg
This historic 1887 embryology textbook by Haddon was designed as an introduction to the topic. Currently only the text has been made available online, figures will be added at a later date. My thanks to the Internet Archive for making the original scanned book available.
History Links: Historic Embryology Papers | Historic Embryology Textbooks | Embryologists | Historic Vignette | Historic Periods | Historic Terminology | Human Embryo Collections | Carnegie Contributions | 17-18th C Anatomies | Embryology Models | Category:Historic Embryology
Historic Papers: 1800's | 1900's | 1910's | 1920's | 1930's | 1940's | 1950's | 1960's | 1970's | 1980's
Historic Disclaimer - information about historic embryology pages 
Mark Hill.jpg
Pages where the terms "Historic" (textbooks, papers, people, recommendations) appear on this site, and sections within pages where this disclaimer appears, indicate that the content and scientific understanding are specific to the time of publication. This means that while some scientific descriptions are still accurate, the terminology and interpretation of the developmental mechanisms reflect the understanding at the time of original publication and those of the preceding periods, these terms, interpretations and recommendations may not reflect our current scientific understanding.     (More? Embryology History | Historic Embryology Papers)

Appendix B - Bibliography of Recently Published Works on Embryology


F. M. Balfour. - A Treatise on Comparative Embryology. Macmillan

& Co., London, 1880.

C. Claus. - Lehrbuch der Zoologie. Translated by A. Sedgwick (Elementary Text- Booh of Zoology). Swan, Sonnenschein & Co., London, 1884.

P. Geddes. - “Reproduction,- Encyclopaedia Britannica , 1887.

“Sex,- Ibid., 1887.

E. Heckel. - “Studien zur Gastraea Theorie,- Jena, 1877; also Jenaische Zeitschrift , viii., ix. (Abstracted by E. R. Lankester in Quart. Jour. Micr. Sci, xiv. 1874, and xvi. 1876.)

Schopfungsgeschichte. Leipzig. Translated as The History of

Creation. London, 1876.

G. B. Howes. - Atlas of Biology (Snail, Fresh-water Mussel, Crayfish,

Frog). London, 1886.

Klein. - Elements of Histology. London.

E. Rat Lankester. - “ Notes on Embryology and Classification,- Quart. Jour. Micr. Sci., xvii. 1877.

C. S. Minot. - “A Sketch of Comparative Embryology,- American Naturalist , 1880.

- “ Comparative Morphology of the Ear,- American Journal of 

Otology, 1881-82.

A. S. Packard, Jun. - Life Histories of Animals, including Man, or Outlines of Comparative Embryology. Holt & Co., New York, 1876.

- Zoology. New York, 1881. 

E. A. Schafer.' - “ Some Teachings of Development,- Quart. Jour. Micr. Sci., xx. 1880.

W. J. Sollas. - “ On the Origin of Fresh-water Faunas : a Study in Evolution,- Trans. Roy. Dubl. Soc. (n), iii. 1884,


M. Foster and F. M. Balfour. - The Elements of Embryology. London, 1883.

A. B. Lee. - The Microtomisfs Vade-Mecum. London, 1885.

C. 0 . Whitman. - Methods of Research in Microscopical Anatomy and Embryology. Boston, 1885.


W. K. Brooks. - Handbook of Invertebrate Zoology for Laboratories and Seaside Work (Embryology of Echinoderms, Crab, Fresh-water Mussel, Squid). Boston, 1882.

T. H. Huxley. - The Anatomy of Invertebr at ed Animals. Churchill, 1877. (Also other Text-books of Anatomy, Physiology, Zoology, and Biology.)


M. Foster and F. M. Balfour. - The Elements of Embryology. London, 1883.

O . Hertwig. - Lehrbuch der Entwicklungsgeschichte des Menschen und

der Wirbelthiere. Fischer, Jena, 1886 (1st part).

T. H. Huxley. - The Anatomy of Vertebrated Animals. London, 1871. A. Kolliker. - Entwicklungsgeschichte des Menschen und der hdheren Thiere. Leipzig.

Quain's Elements of Anatomy , ii. London.

R. Wiedersheim. - Grundriss der vergleichenden Anatomie der Wirbelthiere. Jena, 1884. Translated by W. N. Parker {Elements of the Comparative Anatomy of Vertebrates). Macmillan & Co., London and New York, 1886.


W. K. Brooks. - “Alternation of Periods of Rest with Periods of Activity in the Segmenting Eggs of Vertebrates,- Studies Biol. Lab. Johns Hopkins Univer., Baltimore , ii. 1882.

J. B. Carnoy. - La Biologie cellulaire . Van In & Cie, Lierre, 1884.

- La Cellule. Lierre. (A new and important journal devoted to 

cellular biology.)

J. T. Cunningham. - “Review of Recent Researches on Karyokinesis and Cell Division,- Quart. Jour. Micr. Sci., xxii. 1882.

W. Flemming. - Zellsubstanz, Kern und Zelltheilung. Leipzig, 1882.

P. Geddes. - “Theory of Growth, Reproduction, Sex, and Heredity/'

Proc. Roy. Soc. Edinb., 1886 (abstract in Encyc. Brit., article “Sex-).

- “Reproduction,- Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1886. 

Heitzmann. - Microscopic Morphology of the Animal Body in Health and Disease. New York, 1883.

Kolliker. - “ Die Bedeutung der Zellenkerne fur die Vorgange der Vererbung,- Zeit. fur wiss. Zool. , xlii. 1885.

“ Das Karyoplasma und die Vererbung, eine Kritik der Weismann 'schen Theorie von der Kontinuitat des Keimplasma,- Zeit. fur wiss. Zool., xliv. 1886.

E. Metschnikoff. - “Researches on the Intracellular Digestion of Invertebrates,- Quart. Jour. Micr. Set ., xxiv. 1884. (Translation of “ Untersuchungen iiber die intracellulare Verdauung bei wirbellosen Thieren,- Arbeiten a. d. Zoolog. Instit. Wien , 1883.)

“The Ancestral History of the Inflammatory Process,- Ibid.,

xxiv., 1884. (Translation of “ Untersuchungen iiber mesodermalen Phagocyten einiger Wirbelthiere,- Biolog. Centralblatt , iii. (18), 1883.)

C. S. Minot. - “Theorie der Genoblasten,- Biolog. Centralblatt , ii. 1882.

W. Preyer. - Specielle Physiologic des Embryo , Untersuchungen iiber die Lebensersclieinungen von der Geburt. Leipzig, 1885.

A. Rauber. - “ Neue Grundlegungen zur Kenntniss der Zelle,- Morph. Jahrb., viii. 1882.

J. A. Ryder. - “The Law of Nuclear Displacement, and its Significance in Embryology,- Science , i. 1883.

A. E. Schafer. - “ On the Part Played by Amoeboid Cells in Intestinal Absorption,- Internat. Month. Journ. of Anat. and Hist., ii.

Wiedersheim. - “ Ueber d. mechanische Aufnahme die Nahrungsmittel in der Darmschleinhaut,- Deutsch. Naturforsch. Vers am. in Freiburg , 1883.


E. Van Beneden. - Recherches sur la Maturation de VCEuf, la Fecondation et la Division cellulaire , 1883.

J. T. Cunningham. - “E. Yan Beneden -s Researches on the Maturation and Fecundation of the Ovum,- Quart. Jour. Micr. Sci., xxv. 1885. A. Thomson. - “Recent Researches on Oogenesis,- Ibid., xxvi. 1886. (See also La Cellule.)


J. E. Blomfield. - “On the Development of the Spermatozoa.- Part i., Lumbricus, Quart. Jour. Micr. Sci., xx. 1880; Part ii., Helix and Rana , Ibid., xxi. 1881.

“Review of Recent Researches on Spermatozoa,- Quart. Jour.

Micr. Sci., xxiii. 1883.

P. Geddes and A. Thomson. - “ History and Theory of Spermatogenesis,- Proc. Roy. Soc. Edinb., 1885-86 (Bibliography).

0 . S. Jenson. - “Recherches sur la Spermatog<hiese,- Arch, de Biol., iv. 1883.

Yon la Yalette St. George. - “Ueber d. Genese d. Samenkorper,- Arcliiv f. Mikr. Anat., xv. 1878.

“ Spermatologische Beitrage.- 1. Arch, fiir Mikr. Anat., xxv.

1885; 11., iii. Ibid., xxvii. 1886; iv. Ibid., xxviii. 1886.

(See also La Cellule.)


0 . Butschli. - “Bemerkungen zur Gastrseatheorie,- Morph. Jahrb ., ix. 1884.

H. W. Conn. - “ Marine Larvae and their Relation to Adults,- Studies Biol. Lab. Johns Hopkins XJniver ., Baltimore, iii. 1885.

W. H. Caldwell. - “Blastopore, Mesoderm, and Metameric Segmentation,- Quart. Jour. Micr. Sci., vol. xxv. 1885.

S. Grosglik. - “Schizocoel oder Enterocoel,- Zool. Anz., x. 1887.

0 . and R. Hertwig. - Die Ccelomtheorie, Versuch einer Erkldrung des mittleren Keimblattes. Jena, 1881.

0 . Hertwig. - Die Entwicklung des mittleren Keimblattes der Wirbelthiere. Jena, 1883.

A. Hyatt. - “Larval Theory of the Origin of Cellular Tissues,- Proc. Bost. Soc. Nat. Hist., xxiii. 1884.

A. Kolliker. - “ Die embryonalen Keimblatter und die Gewebe,- Zeit. fur wiss. Zool., xl. 1884.

“ J. Kollmann -s Akroblast,- Zeit. fiir wiss. Zool., xli. 1884.

J. Kollmann. - “ Der Randwulst und der Ursprung der Stiitzsubstance,- Arch. f. Anat. u. Phys., Anat. Abthl., 1884.

“ Der Mesoblast und die Entwicklung der Gewebe bei Wirbel thieren,- Biol. Centralbl., iii. 1884.

“ Gemeinsame Entwickelungsbahnen der Wirbelthiere,- Arch.

Anat. Phys., Anat. Abtheil., 1885 ; Zeit. fiir wiss. Zool., xli. 1885. C. Kupffer. - “Die Gastrulation an den meroblastiscben Eiern der Wirbelthiere und die Bedeutung des Primitivstreifs,- Arch. Anat. Phys., Anat. Abtheil., 1882-84.

E. Metschnikoff. - “ Vergleichend-embryologische Studien. (3)Ueber die Gastrula einiger Metazoen (Echinus, Lineus, Phoronis, Polygordius, Ascidia, Discoporella),- Zeit. fiir iviss. Zool., xxxvii. 1882.

C. S. Minot. - “ Preliminary Notice of Certain Laws of Histological Differentiation,- Proc. Bost. Soc. Nat. Hist., xx. 1879.

“Origin of Mesoderm,- Science, ii. 1883.

A. Rauber. - “Noch ein Blastoporus,- Zool. Anz., vi. 1883.

W. Repiachoff. - “Ueber die Morphologische Bedeutung der jiingsten Saugethierkeime,- “ Bemerkungen iiber die Keimblatter der Wirbelthiere,- “Zur Morpbologie des Primitivstreifens,- Zool., Anz., vi. 1883.

J. A. Ryder. - “ On the Position of the Yolk-blastopore as Determined by the Size of the Vitellus,- American Naturalist, 1885.

“The Arcbistome Theory,- American Naturalist, 1885.

A. Sedgwick. - “On the Origin of Metameric Segmentation and some other Morphological Questions,- Quart. Jour. Micr. Sci., xxiv. 1884.

W. Waldeyer. - “Archiblast und Parablast,- Arch. f. Milcr. Anat ., xxii. 1883.

W. Wolff. - “Die beiden Keimblatter und der Mittelkeim,- Arch. f. Milcr. Anat., xxviii. 1886.


F. E. Schulze. - “Tricoplax adhaerens, n. g. et n. sp.,- Zool. Anz., vi. 1883.


A. Goette. - “Ueber die Entwicklung der Spongillen,- Zool. Anz., vii. 1884; viii. 1885.

C. Keller. - “Sfcudieniiber Organisation und Entwicklung der Chalineen,- Zeit. fur wiss. Zool., xxxiii. 1879.

R. Von Lendenfeld. - “ On the Systematic Position and Classification of Sponges - (with a complete List of Publications relating to Sponges), Proc. Zool. Soc., 1887.

“ Synocils, Sinnesorgane der Spongien,- Zool. Anz., x. 1887.

W. Marshall. - “Die Ontogenie von Reniera filigrana 0 . Schmidt,- Zeit. fur wiss. Zool., xxxvii. 1882.

F. E. Schuze. - “ Untersuchungen fiber den Ban und die Entwicklung der Spongien, Keunte Mittheilung, die Plakiniden,- Zeit. fur ■wiss. Zool., xxxiv. 1880.

W. J. Sollas. - “On the Development of Halisarca lobularis ( 0 . Schmidt),- Quart. Jour. Micr. Sci., xxiv. 1884.

“Sponges,- Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1887.


A. G. Bourne. - “ Recent Researches upon the Origin of the Sexual Cells in Hy droids : a Review,- Quart. Jour. Micr. Sci., xxiii. 1883. W. K. Brooks. - “ On the Life History of Eutima, and on Radial and Bilateral Symmetry in Hy droids,- Zool. Anz., vii. 1884.

“ The Life History of the Hydromedusse : a Discussion of the

Origin of the Medusae and the Significance of Metagenesis,- Mem. Bost. Soc. N. H., iii. 1886.

J. W. Fewkes. - “ On the Development of Agalma,- Bull. Mus. Corny. Zool., Harvard, xi. 1885.

“ Selections from Embryological Monographs, Acalephs,- Mem.

Mus. Comp. Zool., Harvard, ix. 1884.

“Bibliography- (for above), Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., xi. 1884.

G. H. Fowler. - “ The Anatomy of the Madreporaria.- I., Quart. Jour.

Micr. Sci., xxv. 1885; II., Ibid., xxvii. 1886.

A. Gotte. - “ Ueber die Entwicklung der Aurelia aurita und Cotylorhiza borbonica,- Zool. Anz., viii. 1885; [Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (5), xvi. 1885].

E. ELeckel. - Metagenesis und Hypo genesis von Aurelia aurita. Ein Beitrag zur Entwickelungsgeschichte und zur Teratologie der Medusen. Jena, Fischer, 1881.

C. Hartlaub. - “ Beobachtungen iiber die Entstehung der Sexualproducte bei Obelia,- Zool. Anz., vii. 1884 ; Zeit. fur wiss. Zool., xli. 1884.

A. Korotneff. - “Zur Kenntnis der Embryologie von Hydra,- Zeit fiir wiss. Zool., xxxviii. 1883.

A. Kowalevskt. - “ Zur Entwicklungsgeschichte der Lucernaria,- Zool. Anz., vii. 1884.

A. Kowalevsky et Marion. - “Documents pour l -Histoire embryogenique des Alcyonaire Ann. du Musee d -Hist. Nat. de Marseille , i. 1882-83.

E. L. Mark. - “ Selections from Embry ological Monographs, Polyps,- Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., Harvard, ix. 1884.

C. De Merejkowsky. - “Histoire du Developpement de la Meduse Obelia,- Bull. Soc. Zool. de France , viii. 1883.

E. Metschnikoff. - “ Vergleicliend-embryologische Studien,- Zeit. fiir wiss. Zool.

1. “ Entodermbildung bei G-eryoniden,- xxxvi. 1881.

2. “ Ueber einiger Stadien der in Carmarina parasitirenden

Cunina,- xxxvi. 1881.

4. “ Ueber die Gastrulation und Mesodermbildung der Ctenophoren,- xlii. 1885.

E. Metschnikoff. - Embryologische Studien an Medusen. Wien, 1886.

J. Thallwitz. - “Ueber die Entwicklung der Mannlichen Keimzellen bei den Hydroideen,- Jenaische Zeit. Nat., xviii. 1885.

A. Weismann. - Die Entstehung der Sexualzellen bei den Hydromedusen. Zugleich als Beitrag zur Kenntniss des Baues und der Lebenserscheinungen dieser Gruppe. Jena, 1883. Abstracted by H. N. Moseley in Nature, xxix. 1883. “Die Entstehung der Sexualzellen bei den Hydromedusen,- Biol. Centralbl., iv. 1884.

E. B. Wilson. - “The Development of Renilla,- Phil. Trans., clxxiv. 1884.


A. Agassiz.- - “ Selections from Embryological Mongraphs.- (ii.) “Echinodermata,- Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., Harvard, 1883. “Bibliography- to accompany the same, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., x. 1882.

P. H. Carpenter. - “ Notes on Echinoderm Morphology, viii. On Some Points in the Anatomy of Larval Comatulse,- Quart. Jour. Micr. Sci., xxiv. 1884.

H. Ludwig. - “Entwicklungsgeschichte der Asterina gibbosa, Forbes,- Zeit. fiir wiss. Zool., xxxvii. 1882.

E. Metschnikoff. - “ Vergleichend-embryologische Studien. 3. Ueber die Gastrula einiger Metazoen (Echinus),- Zeit . fur wiss. Zool. , xxxvii. 1882.

“ Embry ologische Mittheilungen iiber Echinodermen,- Zool.

Anz., vii. 1884.

-  - “ Ueber die Bildung der Wanderzellen bei Asterien und Echini

den,- Ibid., xlii. 1885.

E. Perrier. - “ Sur le Develloppement des Comatules,- Comptes Rendus, xcviii. 1884. (Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (5), xiii. 1884.)

E. Selenka. - “ Studien iiber Entwicklungsgeschichte der Thiere. (ii.) Die Keimblatter der Echinodermen.- Wiesbaden, 1883.

“Das Mesenchym der Echiniden,- Zool. Anz., vii. 1884.



P. Hallez. - Contributions cl VHistoire naturelle des Turbellaries. Thesis ct la Faculte des Sciences p. le grade d. Docteur es Sci. Nat. Lille, 1879.

A. A. W. Hubrecht. - “Contributions to the Embryology of the Nemertea,- Quart. Jour. Micr. Sci., xxvi. 1886. (Abstract of Proeve eener ontwikkelungs geschiedenis van Lineus obscurus, Barrois. U trecht, 1885.)

“The Relation of the Nemertea to the Vertebrata,- Quart. Jour.

Micr. Sci., xxvii. 1887.

J. Jijima. - “Ueber die Embryologie von Dendrocoelum lacteum,- Zool. Anz., vi. 1883.

“ Untersuchungen iiber den Bau und die Entwickelungs geschichte der Siisswasser-Dendrocoelen (Tricladen),- Zeit. fur wiss. Zool., xl. 1884.

A. Lang. - “Die Polycladen,- Fauna u. Flora d. Golfes v. Neapel, 1884. (Full Bibliography.)

E. Metschnikoff. - “Die Embryologie von Planaria polychroa,- Zeit. fur wiss. Zool., xxxviii. 1883.

A. C. Oudemans. - “The Circulatory and Nephridial Apparatus of the Nemertea,- Quart. Jour. Micr. Sci. Suppl., xxv. 1885.

W. Salensky. - “Zur Entwickelungsgeschichte der Borlasia vivipara,- Biol. Centralbl., ii. 1883.

“ Recherches sur le D6veloppement du Monopora vivipara (Borlasia vivipara, Uljan),- Arch, de Biol., v. 1884.

“Bau und Metamorphose des Pilidium,- Zeit. fur wiss. Zool.,

xliii. 1886.

E. Selenka. - Zoologische Studien. II. Zur Entwickelungsgeschichte der Seeplanarien. Ein Beitrag zur Keimbldtterlehre und Descendenztheorie. Leipzig, Engelmann, 1881.



H. Schauinsland. - “ Die embryonale Entwickelung der Bothriocephalen, ,, Jenaische Zeit. Nat., xix. 1885.

W. Schwarze. - “Die postembryonale Entwicklung der Trematoden,- Zeit. fur wiss. Zool ., xli. 1885.


J. Beard. - “On the Life History and Development of the Genus Myzostoma (F. S. Leuckart),- Mittheil. Zoolog. Stat. Neapel , v.


H. W. Conn. - “Development of Serpula,- Zool. Anz., vii. 1884.

R. Yon Drasche. - Beitrage zur Entwickelung der Polychceten. I. Entwickelung von Potamoceros triquetor , 1884; II. Entwickelung von Sabellaria spinulosa, Hermione hystrix und eine Phyllocide , 1885. Wien.

“Einige Worte zu der Mittheilung H. W. Conn -s uber die Entwicklung von Serpula,- Zool. Anz., viii. 1885.

J. W. Fewkes. - “ On the Larval Forms of Spirorbis borealis,- American Nat., xix. 1885.

A. Goette. - Abhandlungen zur Entwickelung sgeschichte d. Thiere. I. Un tersuchungen zur Entwick. der Wiirmer. Leipzig, Yoss, 1882.

B. Hatschek. - “ Zur Entwicklung des Kopfes von Polygordius,- Arbeit.

Zool. Inst. Wien, vi. 1885.

“Entwicklung der Trochophora von Eupomatus uncinatus,

Philippi (Serpula uncinata),- Ibid. (And other studies on the development of Annelids in the same journal.)

J. Jijima. - “ On the Origin and Growth of the Eggs and Egg-Strings in Nephilis, with some Observations on the Spiral Asters,- Quart. Jour. Micr. Sci., xxii. 1882.

N. Kleinenberg. - “ The Development of the Earthworm Lumbricus trapezoides, Dug£s,- Quart. Jour. Micr. Sci., xix. 1879.

“Die Entstehung des Annelids aus der Larve von Lopado rhynchus. Nebst Bemerkungen iiber die Entwicklung anderer Polychaeten, - Zeit. fur wiss. Zool., xliv. 1886.

A. Kowalevsky. - “ Embryologische Studien an Wiirmern und Arthropoden,- Mem. Acad. Petersbourg (vii.), xvi. 1871.

E. Ray Lankester. - “ On the Connective and Yasifactive Tissues of the Medicinal Leech,- Quart. Jour. Micr. Sci., xx. 1880.

J. Nusbaum. - “ Zur Entwicklungsgeschichte der Hirudineen (Clepsine),- Zool. Anz., vii. 1884.

“ Zur Entwicklungsgeschichte der Geschlechtorgane der Hirudineen (Clepsine),- Ibid., viii. 1885.

W. Salensky. - “Etudes surle Developpement des Annelides. 3. Pileolaria; 4. Aricia foetida; 5. Terebella Meckeli,- Arch, de Biol., iv. 1883; “2me. partie, Developpement de Branchiobdella,- vi. 1885.

W. T. Sedgwick and E. B. Wilson. - General Biology {Earthworm). New York, 1886.

C. - NEMATODA, &c.

E. Van Beneden. - “ Recherches sur la Maturation de l -CEuf et la Fecondation (Ascaris megalocepliala),- Arch, de Biol., iv. 1883.

E. Van Beneden et C. Julin. - “La Spermatog6n&se chez l -Ascaris megalocephala,- Bull. Acad. Sci. Belgique (3), vii. 1883.

P. Hallez. - “Sur le Developpement des Nematodes,- Gomjotes Rendus, ci., 1885 ; Bull. Sci. Hist. Depart, du Nord , vii. viii. 1885.

R. Leuckart. - “Ueber die Entwieklung der Spliserularia bombi,- Zool.

Anz., viii. 1885.

V. Linstow. - “Ueber einen neuen Entwicklungsmodus beiden Nema toden,- Zeit. fur wiss. Zool., xlii. 1885.

0 . Hertwig. - Die Chcetognatlien, Hire Anatomie, Systematik und Entwicklungsgeschichte. Jena, 1880.


G. Tessin. - “ Ueber Eibildung und Entwieklung der Rotatorien,- Zeit. fiir wiss. Zool., xliv. 1886.

0 . Zacharias. - “Ueber Fortplanzung und Entwickelung von Rotifer vulgaris/ - Ibid., xli. 1884.


B. Hatschek. - “Ueber Entwieklung van Sipunculus nudus,- Arb. Zool. Inst. Wien, v. 1883.


W. H. Caldwell. - “ Preliminary Note on the Structure, Development,

and Affinities of Phoronis/ - Proc. Roy. Soc ., xxxiv. 1882.

S. F. Harmer. - “The Structure and Development of Loxosoma,- Quart.

Jour. Micr. Sci., xxv. 1885.

“ On the Life History of Pedicellina,- Ibid., xxvii. 1886.

E. R. Lankester. - “Polyzoa,- Encyclopaedia Britannica, ix. 1885.

A. Ostrooumoff. - “Note sur la Metamorphose du Cyphonautes,- Zool Anz., viii. 1885.

W. J. Vigelius. - “Zur Ontogenie der marinen Bryozoen,- Mittheil. Zoolog. Stat. Neapel, vi. 1886.


A. Kowalevsky. - “Observations sur le Developpement des Brachiopodes,- Arch. d. Zool. Exper. (5), 1. 1883. (Translation by MM.

Oehlert and Deniker of the original paper, published at Moscow in Russian, 1874.)

E. R. Lankester. - “ Brachiopoda,- Encyclopaedia Britannica , ix. 1885. A. E. Shipley. - “On the Structure and Development of Argiope,-

Mittlieil. Zoolog. Stat. Neapel , iv. 1883.


F. Blochmann. - “ Ueber die Entwicklung der Neritina fluviatilis,

MiilL,- Zeit. f Ur wiss. Zool., xxxvi. 1881.

“ Beitrage zur Kenntnis der Entwicklung der Gasteropoden,-

Ibid., xxxviii. 1883.

N. Bobretzky. - “ Studien iiber die embryonale Entwickelung der Gasteropoden,- Arch. f. Mikr. Anal., xiii. 1879.

P. Fraisse. - “ Ueber Molluskenaugen mit embryonalem Typus,- Zeit. fur wiss. Zool. , xxxv. 1881.

H. Grenacher. - “ Zur Entwickelungsgescbicbte der Cephalopoden. Zugleich ein Beitrag zur Morpbologie der hoheren Mollusken,- Zeit. fur wiss. Zool., xxiv. 1874, p. 419.

A. C. Haddon. - “ Notes on the Development of Mollusca,- Quart.

Jour. Micr. Sci, xxii. 1882.

B. Hatschek. - “Ueber Entwicklungsgescbichte von Teredo,- Arb. a. d.

Zool. Inst. Wien, iii. 1880.

R. Horst. - “ On the Development of the European Oyster ( Ostrea

edulis, L.),- Quart. Jour. Micr. Sci., xxii. 1882.

S. Jourdain. - “Sur le D 4 veloppement du Tube digestif des Limaciens,-

Comptes Rendus, xcviii. 1 884.

M. A. Kowalevsky. - “ Etude sur PEmbryogenie du Dentale,- Ann. d. Mus. d'Hist. Nat. de Marseille, Zool., i. 1882-83.

“ Embryongenie du Chiton polii (Philippi), avec quelques Remarques

sur le D^veloppement des autres Chitons,- Ann. d. Mus. d'Hist. Nat. de Marseille, Zool., i. 1883.

E. R. Lankester - “ Observations on the Development of the Cephalopoda,- Quart. Jour. Micr. Sci., xv. 1875.

“Mollusca,- Encyclopaedia Britannica (ix.), xvi. 1883.

E. L. Mark. - “Maturation, Fecundation, and Segmentation of Limax campestris, Binney,- Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard, 1881. (With full bibliography up to 1879.)

J. Playfair M‘Murrich. - “ On the Existence of a Post-Oral Band of Cilia in Gasteropod Yeligers,- Johns Hopkins Univer. Circ., Baltimore, v. 1885.

“ A Contribution to the Embryology of the Prosobranch Gastero pods,- Studies Biol. Lab. Johns Hopkins Univer ., Baltimore , iii. 1886.

P. De Meuron. - “Sur les Organes renaux des Embryons d -Helix,- Comptes Rendus, xcviii. 1884.

W. Patten. - “ The Embryology of Patella,- Arbeiten aus d. Zool. Inst, z. Wien , vi. 1885.

“ Eyes of Molluscs and Arthropods,- Mittheil. Zoolog. Stat.

Eeapel, vi. 1886.

C. Rabl. - “Beitr. zur Entwicklungsgesch. der Prosobranchier,-$#z?m<7S&er. Akad. Wien, lxxxvii. 1883.

J. A. Ryder. - “The Metamorphosis and Post-Larval Stages of Development of the Oyster,- Report U. S. Fish. Com. for 1882, 1884.

“ A Sketch of the Life History of the Oyster,- Rep. U. S. Geol.

Surv. (1882-83), iv. Appendix, ii. 1885.

W. Salensky. - “ Zur Entwickelungsgeschichte von Vermetus,- Biol. Centralbl., v. 1885.

Schmidt. - “ Beitrag zur Kenntniss der post-embryonalen Entwickelung der Hajaden,- Arch, fiir Naturg ., li. 1885.

M. Ussow. - Untersuchungen u. d. Entwickelung d. Cephalopoden,- Arch, de Biol., ii. 1881.

H. E. Ziegler. - “Die Entwicklung von Cyclas cornea, Lam. (Sphaerium corneum, L.),- Zeit. fiir wiss. Zool., xli. 1885.



H. Blanc. - “ D4veloppement de l -CEuf chez la Cuma rathkii,- Rec. Zool. Suisse, ii. 1885.

C. Claus. - “Neue Beitrage zur Morphologie der Crustaceen,- Arbeit. Zoolog. Inst. Wien, vi. 1885.

H. W. Conn. - “The Significance of the Larval Skin of Decapods,- Studies Biol. Lab. Johns Hopkins Univer., Baltimore, iii. 1884.

Y. Delage. - “Evolution de la Sacculine, - , Arch. Zool. Exper. (2), ii. 1884.

M. Hartog. - “ On the Anal Respiration of the Copepoda,- Proc. Manchester Lit. and Phil. Soc., xix. 1881.

T. H. Huxley. - “ The Crayfish,- International Scientific Series, xxviii.


C. Ishikawa. - “ On the Development of a Fresh-water Macrurous Crustacean, Atyephira compressa, De Haan,- Quart. Jour. Micr. Sci ., xxv. 1885.

J. S. Kingsley. - “ The Development of the Compound Eye of Crangon,- Zool. Anz., ix. 1886.

H. De Lacaze-Duthiers. - “ Laura gerardiae, Type nouveau de Crustac^ parasite,- Mem. Acad. Sci. Paris, xlii, 1885.

C. Yon Mereschkowski. - “Eine neue Art von Blastodermbildung bei den Decapoden,- Zool. Anz ., v. 1882.

N. Nassanow. - “ Zur embryonalen Entwicklung von Balanus,- Zool. Anz., viii. 1885.

T. J. Parker. - “ An Account of Reichenbach -s Researches on the Early Development of the Fresh-water Crayfish,- Quart. Jour. Micr. Sci. , xviii. 1878.

P. Pelseneer. - “ Observations on the Nervous System of Apus,- Quart. Jour. Micr. Sci ., xxv. 1885.

Reichenbach. - “Die Embryonanlage und erste Entwickelung des Flusskrebses,- Zeit. fiir iviss. Zool., 1877.

W. Schimkewitsch. - “ Einige Bemerkungen fiber die Entwicklungsgeschichte des Flusskrebses,- Zool. Anz., viii. 1885.

W. B. Spencer. - “ The Urinary Organs of the Amphipoda,- Quart. Jour. Micr. Sci., xxv. 1885.

Ulianin B. - “ Zur Entwickelungsgeschichte der Amphipoden,- Zeit. fiir wiss. Zool., xxxv. 1881.

F. Urbanowicz. - “ Zur Entwicklungsgeschichte der Cyclopiden,- Zool. Anz., vii. 1884.


J. Barrois. - “ Le D^veloppement de Chelifer,- Comptes Rendus, xcix. 1884.

F. Blochmann. - “Ueber direkte Kerntheilung in der Embryonalhiille der Skorpione,- Morph. Jahrb., x. 1885.

W. K. Brooks and A. T. Bruce. - “Abstract of Researches on the Embryology of Limulus polyphemus,- Johns Hopkins Univer. Circ., Baltimore, v. 1885.

J. S. Kingsley. - “Notes on the Embryology of Limulus,- Quart. Jour. Micr. Sci., xxv. 1885.

E. R. Lankester and A. G. Bourne. - “The Minute Structure of the

Lateral and Central Eyes of Scorpio and of Limulus,- Ibid., xxiii. 1883.

H. L. Osborne. - “ Metamorphosis of Limulus polyphemus,- Johns Hopkins Univer. Circ., Baltimo 7 'e , v. 1885.

A. S. Packard, Jun. - “On the Embryology of Limulus polyphemus in.,- Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc., xxii. 1885. {American Nat., xix. 1885.)

W. Schimkewitsch. - “ Zur Entwicklungsgeschichte der Araneen,- Zool. Anz., vii 1884.


F. M. Balfour. - “ The Anatomy and Development of Peripatus

capensis,- Quart. Jour. Micr. Sci., xxiii. 1883.

R. S. Bergh. - “Die Entwicklung des Westindischen Peripatus- Arten,- Kosmos, 1885.

J. Yon Kennel. - “ Entwicklungsgeschichte von Peripatus,- Zool. Anz ., vi. 1883.

“ Entwickelungsgeschichte von Peripatus Edwardsii, Blanch und

Peripatus torquatus sp. n.,- Arbeiten a. d. Zool.-Zoot. Inst. Wurzburg, vii. ; Ibid., viii.

A. Sedgwick. - “The Development of Peripatus capensis,- Quart. Jour. Micr. Sci., xxv. 1885.

“The Development of the Cape Species of Peripatus II.,- Ibid.,

xxvi. 1886. “ III.,- Ibid., xxvii. 1887.


F. G. Heathcote. - “ The Early Development of Julus terrestris,- Quart. Jour. Micr. Sci., xxvi. 1886.

H. N. Moseley. - “ Myriopoda,- Encyclopedia Britannica, xvii. 1884.


A. T. Bruce. - “ Origin of the Endoderm in Lepidoptera,- Johns Hop kins Univer. Circ., Baltimore, v. 1885.

L. Camerano. - “ Osservazioni intorno alia neotinia negli insetti,- Bull. Soc. Entomol. Ital., 1885.

B. Grassi. - “ Studi sugli Artropodi. Intorno alio siruppo delle Api

neir uovo,- Atti. Accad. Gioenia Sci. Nat. Catania, (3), xviii. 1885. (An important paper with Bibliography.)

R. Hertwig. - “ Ueber die Anlage der Keimblatter bei den Insecten,- Jena. Zeits. f. Nat., xiv., Suppl., 1881.

A. Korotneff. - “Die Embryologie der Gryllotalpa,- Zeit. fur wiss. Zool., xli. 1885.

A. Kowalevsky. - “Beitrage zur nachembryonalen Entwicklung der Musciden,- Zool. Anz., viii. 1885.

J. Nusbaum. - “Yorlaufige Mittheilung iiber die Chorda der Arthropoden,- Zool. Anz., vi. 1883.

“Bau, Entwicklung und morphologische Bedeutung der Ley dig -schen Chorda der Lepidopteren,- Ibid., vii. 1884.

“The Embryonic Development of the Cockroach. Studies in

Comparative Anatomy, iii. The Structure and Life History of the Cockroach (Periplancta orient alis). An Introduction to the

Study of Insects. By L. C. Miall and A. Denny. London, 1886. J. A. Osborne. - “ On the Embryology of Botys hyalinalis,- Science Gossip, xxi. 1885.

W. Patten. - “The Development of Phryganids, with a Preliminary Note on the Development of Blatta germanica,- Quart Jour. Micr. Set ., xxiv. 1884.

H. Yon Wielowiejski. - “ Zur Kenntnis der Eibildung bei der Feuerwanze,- Zool. Anz ., viii. 1885.

E. Witlaczil. - “ Entwicklungsgeschichte der Aphiden,- Zeit. fur tviss. Zool., xl. 1884.

O. Zacharias. - “ Neue Untersuchungen iiber die Entwicklung der viviparen Aphiden,- Zool. Anz., vii. 1884.

CHORDATA (General).

W. Bateson. - “The Ancestry of the Chordata,- Ibid., xxvi. 1886.

A A. W. Hubrecht. - “On the Ancestral Form of the Chordata,- Quart. Jour. Micr. Set, xxiii. 1883.

A. S. Packard. - “Aspects of the Body in Vertebrates and Arthropods,- American Naturalist , 1881.

J. A. Ryder. - “ On the Availability of Embryological Characters in the Classification of the Chordata,- American Naturalist , 1885.


W. Bateson. - -“ The Early Stages in the Development of Balanoglossus (sp. incert.),- Quart. Jour. Micr. Sci., xxiv. 1884.

“ The Later Stages in the Development of Balanoglossus

kowalevskii, with a Suggestion as to the Affinities of the Enteropneusta,- Ibid., Suppl., xxv. 1885.

“ Continued Account of the Later Stages in the Development of

Balanoglossus kowalevskii, and of the Morphology of the Enteropneusta,- Ibid., xxvi. 1886.


E. Van Beneden et C. Julin. - “La Segmentation chez les Ascidiens et ses Rapports avec l -Organisation de la Larve,- Bull. Acad. Belg ., vii. 1884 (Arch, de Biol., v. 1884).

• “ Recherches sur la Morphologie des Tuniciers,- Arch. d. Biol.,

v. 1885.

“Des Orifices branchiaux externes des Ascidies et la Formation

du Cloaque, & c.,- Bull. Ac. Roy. Sci. Belg. (3), viii. 1885.

L. Chabry. - “ La Segmentation des Ascidies simples,- Journ. de CAnat. Phys., xx. 1885.

J. S. Kingsley. - “ Some Points in the Development of Molgula manhattensis,- Proc. Bost. Soc. Nat. Hist., xxi. 1882.

A. Sabatier. - “ Sur les Cellules du Follicule et les Cellules granuleuses chez les Tuniciers,- Rec. Zool. Suisse, i. 1884 (Rev. Montp. (3), iv. 1884).

A. Sabatier. - “Sur les CEufs des Ascidiens,- Mem. Ac. Sci. Montpellier ,

x. 1885.

W. Salenskt. - “ Neue Untersuchungen iiber die embryonale Entwicklung der Salpen,- Mittheil. Zool. Stat. Neapel , iv. 1882.

O . Seeliger. - “ Die Entwicklungsgeschicbte der socialen Ascidien,-

Jenaische Zeit. Nat., xviii. 1884.

“Die Entwicklungsgeschichte der socialen Ascidien,- Jenaisclie

Zeit. Nat., xviii. 1885.


B. Hatschek. - “ Studien iiber Entwicklung des Ampliioxus,- Arbeit.

Zoolog. Instituts. zu. Wien, iv. 1881.

“ Mittheilungen iiber Amphioxus,- Zool. Anz., vii. 1884.


P. Albrecht. - “ Sur la Yaleur morphologique de la Trompe d -Eustache

et les Derives de l -Arc palatin, de l -Arc mandibulaire et de l'Arc hyoidien des Vertebres,- Soc. Anat. Path. d. Bruxelles, 1884.

“Ueber die morphologische Bedeutung der Pharynxdivertikel,-

Centralbl. fur Chirugie, 1885 ( Nature , xxxi. 1885, p. 380).

F. Ahlborn. - “Ueber die Segmentation des Wirbelthierkorpers,- Zeit. fiir wiss. Zool., xl. 1884.

“ Ueber die Bedeutung der Zirbeldriise (Glandula pinealis, &c.),-

Zeit. fiir wiss. Zool., xl., 1884.

F. M. Balfour. - “ On the Nature of the Organ in Adult Teleosteans and Ganoids which is usually regarded as the Head-Kidney or Pronephros,- Quart. Jour. Micr. Sci., xxii. 1882.

J. Beard. - “The System of Branchial Sense Organs and their Associated Ganglia in Ichthyopsida : a Contribution to the Ancestral History of Vertebrates,- Ibid., xxvi. 1885.

J. F. Van Bemmelen. - “Die Visceraltaschen und Aortenbogen bei Reptilien und Vogeln,- Zool. Anz., ix. 1886.

0 . Cadiat. - “Du Developpement des Fontes et Arcs branchiaux chez l -Embryon,- Journ. Anat. et. Phys., xix. 1883.

-  - “Du Developpement du Canal de l -Urethre et des Organes g^nitaux 

de l -Embryon,- Journ. Anat. et de la Physiol., xx. 1884, p. 242.

“Memoire sur l -Uterus et les Trompes,- Ibid., p. 409.

J. H. Chievitz. - “ Beitrage zur Entwickelungsgeschichte der Speicheldrusen,- Arch. Anat. Phys., Anat. Abthiel., 1885.

A Dohrn. - “ Studien zur Urgeschichte des Wirbelthierskorpers,- Mittheil. Zoolog. Stat. Neapel.

1. “Der Mund der Knochenfische.-

11. “ Die Entstehung und Bedeutung der Hypophysisbeiden Teleostiern,- Ibid., iii. 1884.

hi. “Die Entstehung der Hypophysis bei Petromyzon Planeri,- Ibid., iv. 1883.

iv. “ Die Entwicklung und Differenzirang der Kiemenbogen der Selachier.-

v. “Zur Entstehung und Differenzirung der Yisceralbogen bei Petromyzon Planeri.-

vi. “Die paarigen und unpaaren Flossen der Selachier,-

Ibid., v. 1884.

vii. “ Entstehung und Differenzirung des Zungenbein- und

Kiefer-Apparates der Selachier.-

viii. “ Die Thyreoidea bei Petromyzon, Amphioxus und Tunicaten,- Ibid., vi. 1885.

ix. “Die unpaare Elosse in ihrer Bedeutung fiir die Beur theilung der genealogischen Stellung der Tunicaten und des Amphioxus, und die Reste der Beckenflosse bei Petromyzon.-

x. “Zur Phylogenese des Wirbelthierauges,- Ibid., vi. 1885.

xi. “ Spritzlochkieme der Selachier, Kiemendeckelkieme der

Ganoiden Pseudo branchie der Teleostier,- Ibid., vii. 1886.

M. L. Dollo. - “On the Malleus of the Lacertilia and the Malar and Quadrate Bones of Mammalia,- Quart. Jour. Micr. Sci., xxiii. 1883.

C. Emery. - “TJeber die Beziehungen des Cheiro pterygiums zum Ichthyopterygium,- Zool. Anz., x. 1887.

P. Fischelis. - “ Beitrage zur Kenntniss der Entwickelungsgeschichte der Gl. Thyreoidea und Gl. Thymus,- Arch. f. mikr. Anat., xxv. 1885.

A. Eroriep. - “Ueber ein Ganglion des Hypoglossus und Wirbelanlagen in der Occiptalregion,- Arch. f. Anat. u. Pliys ., Anat. Abtheil.,


“ Zur Entwickelungsgeschichte der Wirbelsaule, insbesondere

des Atlas und Epistropheus und der Occipitalregion, I.,- Ibid.,

1883. “ II.,- Ibid., 1886.

“ TJeber Anlagen von Sinnesorganen am Facialis, Glossopharyn geus und Yagus, iiber die genetische Stellung des Yagus zum Hypoglossus, und iiber die Herkunft der Zungenmusculatur,- Ibid., 1885.

H. Gadow. - “ Remarks on the Cloaca and on the Copulatory Organs of the Amniota,- Proc. Roy. Soc., xl. 1886.

W. Haacke. - “TJeber eine neue Art uterinaler Brutpflege bei Wirbelthieren- (H F. E. Gungersen, “ Eine Berichtigung -), Zool. Anz., viii. 1885.

A. C. Haddon. - “ Suggestion Respecting the Epiblastic Origin of the Segmental Duct,- Proc. Roy. Dubl. Soc. (N.S.), v. 1887.

W. His. - “Ueber den Sinus pmecervicalis und iiber die Thymusanlage,- Arch. f. Anat. u. Phys., Anat. Abtheil ., 1886.

C. K. Hoffmann. - “ Ueber des Amnion des Zweiblatterigen Keimes,- Arch.f. mikr. Anat., xxiii. 1884.

“Ueber die Beziehung der ersten Kiementasche zu der Anlage

der Tuba Eustachii und des Cavum tympani,- Ibid., xxiii. 1884.

“ Zur Entwicklungsgeschichte der Urogenitalorgane bei den

Anamnia,- Zeit. fur iciss. Zool., xliv. 1886.

J. E. Jeffries. - “Scales, Feathers, and Hairs,- Proc. Bost. Soc. Nat. Hist., 1883.

J. Kollmann. - “ Die Doppelnatur des excretorischen Apparates bei den Cranioten,- Zool. Anz. v. 1882.

E. Legal. - “Die Nasenhohlen und der Thranennasengang der Amnioten Wirbelthiere,- Morph. Jahrb., viii. 1882.

A. M. Marshall. - “The Morphology of the Vertebrate Olfactory Organ,- Quart. Jour. Micr. Sci., xix. 1879.

The Segmental Value of the Cranial Nerves (Thesis), 1882.

P. De Meuron. - “Recherches sur le Developpement du Thymus et de la Glande Thyroide,- Recueil Zool. Suisse, iii. 1886.

C. S. Minot. - “Amnion,- Reference Handbook of the Medical Sciences.

Boston, 1886.

Emily Nunn. - “On the Development of the Enamel of the Teeth of Vertebrates,- Proc. Roy. Soc., xxxiv. 1882.

D. Onodi. - “ Ueber die Entwickelung des sympathischen Nervenseptems,

1. and 11.,- Arch. f. mikr. Anat., xxvi. 1886.

H. F. Osborn. - “The Origin of the Corpus Callosum: a Contribution upon the Cerebral Commissures of the Vertebrata,- Morph. Jahrb. xii. 1886.

“ Observations upon the presence of the Corpus Callosum in the

Brains of the Amphibians and Reptiles ; - “ Note upon the Cerebral Commissures in the Lower Vertebrata and a Probable Fornix Rudiment in the Brain of Tropidonotus,- Zool. Anz., ix. 1886.

R. Owen. - “ On the Homology of the Conario-hypophysial Tract, or the so-called Pineal and Pituitary Glands,- Journ. Linn. Soc., xvi. 1882.

T. J. Parker. - “Notes from the Otago University Museum, ix. On the Nomenclature of the Brain and its Cavities,- Nature, xxxv. 1886. J. Von Perkin yi. - “Die ektoblastische Anlage des Urogenitalsy stems bei Rana esculenta und Lacerta viridis (Vorlaufige Mitheilung),- Zool. Anz., x. 1887.

J. A. Ryder. - “An Outline of a Theory of the Development of the Unpaired Fins of Fishes,- American Naturalist , 1885.

■ - “The Origin of the Amnion,- Ibid., 1886.

M. Sagemehl. - Vntersuchungen iiber die Entwichlung der Spinal nerven, Inaugural Dissertation, Dorpat, 1882.

“ Aus welchem Keimblatt entwickeln sich die Spinalnerven der

Wirbelthiere,- Sitz. Dorpat. Naturf. Ges. Wien, , 1884.

W. Schimkewitsch. - “ Deber die Identitat der Herzbildung bei den Wirbel- und wirbellosen Thieren;- “Noch Etwas liber die Identitat der Herzbildung bei den Metazoen,- Zool. Anz., viii.


Schwalbe. - “Das Ganglion Oculomotorii,- Jenaische Zeitschrift , xiii. 1879.

W. B. Scott. - “ On the Development of the Pituitary in Petromyzon, and the Significance of that Organ in other Types,- Science, ii. 1883. A. Sedgwick. - “ On the Original Function of the Canal of the Central Nervous System of Vertebrata,- Proc. Carnb. Phil. Soc., 1884.

H. Strahl. - “Ueber Entwicklungsvorgange am Kopf und Schwanz von Reptilien- und Saugethier-embryonen,- Zool. Anz., vii. 1884.

W. D -Arcy Thompson. - “ On the Hind-limb of Ichthyosaurus, and on the Morphology of the Vertebrate Limbs,- Jour. Anat. Phys., xx.


F. Tourneux et Ch. Legay. - “ M^moire sur le Developpement -de l -Utfous et du Vagin, envisage principalement chez le Foetus humain,- Journ. Anat. et de la Physiol., xx. 1884, p. 330.

J. Turstig. - “ Entwickelung des primitiven Aorten,- Sitzb. Dorpat. Naturf. Ges., vii. 1885.

A. H. Tuttle. - “ The Delation of the External Meatus, Tympanum, and Eustachian Tube to the First Visceral Cleft,- Proc. American Acad. Arts. Sci., xix. 1883.

N. Uskow. - “ Ueber die Entwickelung des Zwerchfells, des Pericardiums

und des Coeloms,- Arch. f. mihr. Anat., xxii. 1883.

“ Bemerkungen zur Entwickelungsgeschichte der Leber und der

Lungen,- Ibid., xxii. 1883.

M. Weber. - “Die Abdominalporen der Salmoniden nebst Bemerkungen liber die Geschlechtsorgane der Eische,- Morph. Jahrb., xii. 1886. W. E. R. Weldon. - “ On the Suprarenal Bodies of Vertebrata,- Quart. Jour. Micr. Sci., xxv. 1885.

“ On the Head-Kidney of Bdellostoma, with a Suggestion as to

the Origin of the Suprarenal Bodies,- Ibid., xxiv. 1884.

J. W. Van Wijhe. - “Ueber den vorderen Neuroporus und die phylogenetische Function des Canalis neurentericus der Wirbelthiere,- Zool. Anz., vii. 1884.

“ Ueber Somiten und Nerven im Kopfe von Vogel und Reptilien embryonen,- Ibid., ix. 1886.

“Die Betheiligung des Ectoderms an der Entwicklung des

Vornierenganges,- Ibid., ix. 1886.


E. Calberla. - “ Zur Entwicklung des Medullarrohres und der Cliorda

dorsalis der Teleostier und der Petromyzonten,- Morph. Jahrb., iii. 1 87 7.

A. Dohrn. - “Die Entstehung der Hypophysis bei Petromyzon Planeri,- Zool. Anz ., v. 1882.

AY. K. Parker. - “ On the Skeleton of the Marsipobranch Pishes, Part L, The Myxinoids (Myxine and Bdellostoma) • Part II., Petromyzon,- Phil. Trans., 1883.

AY. B. Ranson and D -Arcy AY. Thompson. - “On the Spinal and Ausceral Nerves of Cyclostomata,- Zool. Anz., ix. 1886.

AAA B. Scott. - “Beitrage zur Entwicklungsgeschichte der Petromyzonten,- Morph . Jahrb., vii. 1881.

“Preliminary Account of the Development of the Lampreys,-

Quart. Jour. Micr. Sci., xxi. 1881.

A. E. Shipley. - “On Some Points in the Development of Petromyzon fiuviatilis Quart. Jour. Micr. Sci., xxvii. 1887.


J. F. Yan Bemmelen. - “Ueber vermuthliche rudimentare Kiemenspalten bei Elasmobrancbiern,- Mittlieil. Zoolog. Stat. Neapel, vi. 1885. G-. B. Howes. - “The Presence of a Tympanum in the Genus Raia,- Jour. Anat. and Phys ., xvii. 1883.

A. M. Marshall. - “ On the Head Cavities and Associated Nerves of Elasmobranchs,- Quart. Jour. Micr. Sci., xxi. 1881.

A. M. Marshall and AY. B. Spencer. - “ Observations on the Cranial Nerves of Scyllium,- Ibid., xxi. 1881.

T. J. Parker. - “ On the Gravid Uterus of Mustelus antarcticus,- Trans.

New Zealand Inst., xv. 1SS2 (1883).

T. AY. Yan AYijhe. - “Ueber die Mesodermsegmente u. d. Entwicklung der Nerven des Selachierkopfes,- Konigliche Akad. v. Wiss. zu Amsterdam, 1882.


F. M. Balfour and AY. K. Parker. - “ On the Structure and Develop ment of Lepidosteus,- Phil. Trans., 1882.

J. P. M‘Murrich. - “The Cranial Muscles of Amia calva (L.), with a Consideration of the Relations of the Post-Occipital and Hypoglossal Nerves in the various Yertebrate Groups,- Studies Biol. Lab. Johns Hopkins TJniver., Baltimore, iii. 1885.

AY. K. Parker. - “ On the Structure and Development of the Skull in Sturgeons (Acipenser ruthenus and A. sturio),- Phil. Tra'is., 1882.

W. K. Parker. - “On the Development of the Skull in Lepidosteus osseus,- Ibid., 1882.


A. Agassiz and C. 0. Whitman. - “ On the Development of Some Pelagic Fish-Eggs,- Proc. Amer. Acad, of Arts and Sci., xx. 1884.

G. Brook. - “ On the Origin of the Hypoblast in Pelagic Teleostean Ova,- Quart. Jour. Micr. Sci., xxv. 1885.

J. T. Cunningham. - “ On the Nature and Significance of the Structure known as Kupffer -s Yesicle in Teleostean Embryos,- Proc. Roy. Soc. Edinb., xiii. 1884.

“ The Significance of Kupffer -s Yesicle, with Remarks on other

Questions of Yertebrate Morphology,- Quart. Jour. Micr. Sci., xxv. 1885.

“ On the Relations of the Yolk to the Gastrula in Teleosteans

and in other Yertebrate Types,- Ibid., xxvi. 1885.

C. K. Hoffmann. - “Zur Ontogenie der Knochenfische,- Konigliche Alcad. v. Wissen. zu Amsterdam, 1882.

“Zur Ontogenie der Knochenfische,- Ar cl civ fur Micr. Anat.,

xxiii. 1884.

M. Yon Kowalewski. - “ Ueber die ersten Entwicklungsprocesse der Knochenfische,- Zeit. fur wiss. Zool ., xliii. 1886.

E. Maurer. - “ Schilddriise und Thymus der Teleostier,- Morjph. Jahrb.,

xi. 1885.

J. P. M‘Murrich. - “ On the Osteology and Development of Syngnathus peckianus (Storer),- Ibid., xxiii. 1883.

“The Cranial Ribs of Micropterus,- Science, iii. 1884.

C. Yon Noorden. - “Die Entwickelung des Labyrinthes bei Knochenfischen,- Arch. f. Anat. u. Phys ., Anat. Abtheil., 1883.

J. A. Ryder. - “ A Contribution to the Embryography of Osseous Fishes

with special Reference to the Development of the Cod (Gadus morrhua),- Report U. S. Fish. Com. for 1882-84.

“ On the Development of Yiviparous Osseous Fishes and of the

Atlantic Salmon,- Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus ., 1885.

“ On the Development of Osseous Fishes, including Marine and

Fresh- Water Forms,- Report TJ. S. Fish. Com. for 1885-86.

R. W. Shufeldt. - “ Osteology of the Large-Mouthed Black Bass,- Science, iii. 1884.

K. F. Wenckebach. - “Beitrage zur Entwicklungsgeschichte der Knoch enfische,- Arch. f. mikr. Anat., xxviii. 1886.


F. E. Beddard. - “ Observations on the Ovarian Ovum of Lepidosiren

(Protopterus),- Proc. Zool. Soc., 1886.

“ Observations on the Development and Structure of the Ovum

in the Dipnoi,- Proc. Zool. Soc., 1886.


M. Bedot. - “ Recherches sur le Dbveloppement des Nerfs spinaux chez les Tritons,- Recueil Zool. Suisse, i. 1884.

H. E. Durham. - “ Note on the Presence of a Neurenteric Canal in Rana,- Ibid., xxvi. 1886.

E. Gasser. - “ Znr Entwicklung von Alytes ohstetricans,- Sitzunsber. d. Marburger Naturges., 1882.

A. Gotte. - Die Ent wicJdungsgeschich te der UnJce.

T. Iwakawa. - “The Genesis of the Eggs in Triton,- Quart. Jour. Micr. Sci., xxii. 1882.

Alice Johnson. - “On the Fate of the Blastopore and the Presence of a Primitive Streak in the Newt ( Triton cristatus ),- Ibid., xxiv. 1884.

Alice Johnson and Lilian Sheldon. - “Notes on the Development of the Newt ( Triton cristatus ),- Ibid., xxvi. 1886.

W. K. Parker. - “ On the Structure and Development of the Skull of the Common Frog ( Rana temporaria, L.),- Phil. Trans., 1871.

“On the Structure and Development of the Skull in the Batrachia,

part ii.,-' Ibid., 1876 ; part iii., 1881.

“On the Structure and Development of the Skull in Urodelous

Amphibia, part ii.,- Phil. Trans., 1877.

“ On the Structure and Development of the Skull in the Uro deles,- Trans. Zool. Soc., xi. 1882.

C. Rabl. - “Ueber die Bildung des Herzens der Amphibien,- Morph, Jahrb., xii. 1886.

P. B. and C. E. Sarasin. - “Ueber die Entwicklungsgeschichte von Epicrium glutinosum,- Arb. Zool.-Zoot. Inst. Wurzburg, vii. 1885.

0 . Schultze. - “Beitrag zur Entwicklungsgeschichte der Batrachier,- Arch. f. Mihr. Anat., xxiii. 1884.

“ Untersuchungen liber die Reifung und Refruchtung des Am phibienies, I.,- Zeit. fur iviss. Zool., xiv. 1887.

W. B. Scott and H. F. Osborn. - “ On Some Points in the Early Development of the Common Newt,- Quart. Jour. Micr. Sci., xix. 1879.

B. Solger. - “ Studien zur Entwicklungsgeschichte des Coeloms und des Coelom epithels der Amphibien,- Morph. Jahrb., x. 1885.

W. B. Spencer. - “ Some Notes on the Early Development of Rana temporaria,- Quart. Jour., Micr. Sci, Suppl., xxv. 1885.


J. F. Van Bemmelen. - “Die Halsgegend der Reptilien,- Zool. Anz., x. 1887.

W. Haacke. - “Ueber eine neue Art uterinaler Brutpflege bei Reptilien,- Zool. Anz., viii. 1885.

C. K. Hoffmann. - “ Contribution a l -Histoire du D4veloppement des Reptiles,- Arch. Neerlandaises d. Sci. exactes et Nat., xvii. 1882.

- -  -  - *■ ‘ Beitrage zur Entwicklungsgeschichte der Reptilien,- Zeit. fur 

wiss. Zool ., xl. 1884.

“ Weitere Untersuchungen zur Entwicklungsgeschichte der

Reptilien,- Morph. Jahrb., xi. 1885.

W. Lwoff - “Beitrage zur Histologie der Haut der Reptilien,- Bull. Soc. Imp. Nat. Moscou , lix. 1885.

K. Mitsukuri and C. Ishikawa - “On the Formation of the Germinal Layers in Chelonia,- Quart. Jour. Micr. Sci., xxvii. 1886.

W. K. Parker. - “Report on the Development of the Green Turtle (Chelone viridis, Schneid.),- The Zoology of the Voyage of HM.S. Challenger, 1880.

“On the Structure of the Skull in the Chameleons,- Trans.

Zool. Soc., xi. 1881. [Cf. G. A. Boulenger, Proc. Zool. Soc., 1886.

• “ On the Structure and Development of the Skull in the

Crocodilia,- Ibid., xi. 1883.

C. F. Sarasin. - “ Reifung fiber Furchung der Reptiliencier,- Arb. aus. d. Zool.-Zoot. Inst. Wurzburg, vi. 1883.

W. B. Spencer. - “ On the Presence and Structure of the Pineal Eye in Lacertiiia,- Quart. Jour. Micr. Sci., xxvii. 1886.

H. Strahl. - “ Ueber die Entwickelung des Canalis Myelo-entericus und der Allantois der Eidechse,- Arch. f. Anat. u. Pliys., Anat. Abtheil., 1881.

“ Beitrage zur Entwickelung von Lacerta agilis,- Ibid., 1882.

  • “Beitrage zur Entwickelung der Reptilien,- Ibid., 1883.

“ Ueber Canalis neurentericus und Allantois bei Lacerta viridis,-

Ibid., 1883.

“ Ueber Entwicklungsvorgange am Yorderende des Embryo von

Lacerta agilis,- Ibid., 1884.

■ “Ueber friihe Entwicklungsstadien von Lacerta agilis;- “Die

Entwicklungsvorgange am Yorderen Enae von Lacerta agilis und vivipara,- Zool. Anz., vi. 1883.

“Ueber Wachsthumsvorgange am Embryonen von Lacerta

agilis,- Abhandlung der Tenckenbergischen naturforschenden Gesellschaft. Frankfurt, 1884.

“Die Dottersackswand und der Parablast cler Eidechse,- Zei t.

filr. wiss. Zool., xliv. 1887.

W. F. R. Weldon. - “Note on the Early Development of Lacerta muralis,- Quart. Jour. Micr. Sci., xxiii. 1883.


E. M. Balfour and F. Deighton. - “A Renewed Study of the Germinal Layers of the Chick,- Quart. Jour. Micr. Sci., xxii. 1882.

F. M. Balfour and A. Sedgwick. - “On the Existence of a Head Kidney in the Embryo Chick, and on Certain Points in the Development of the Mullerian Duct,- Ibid., xix. 1879.

M. Braun. - “Aus der Entwickelungsgeschichte der Papageien, III.,- Verhandl. phys.-med. Ges. Wiirz., xv. 1880.

“Die Entwickelung des Wellenpapageis (Melopsittacus undulatus ,

Sh.), II.,- Arbeit. Zool.-Zoot. Inst. Wurzburg , v. 1881.

A. Budge. - “Untersuchungen iiber die Entwickelung des Lymphsystems beim Hiihnerembryo,- Arch. f. Anat. u. Phys., Anat. Abtheil., 1887.

M. Duval. - “Etudes histologiques et morphologiques sur les Annexes des Embry ons d -Oiseau, - Jour. Anat. et d. Physiol., xx. 1884.

“ De la Formation du Blastoderme dans l -CEuf d -Oiseau,- Ann.

d. Sci. Nat. (6), Zool., xviii. 1884.

E. Gasser. - “Beitrage zur Ivenntnis der Yogelkeimscheibe,- Arch. f.

Anat. u. Phys., Anat. Abtheil., 1882.

Alice Johnson. - “ On the Development of the Pelvic Girdle and Skeleton of the Hind-Limb in the Chick,- Quart. Jour. Micr. Sci., xxiii. 1883.

C. Koller. - “ Untersuchungen iiber die Blatterbildung im Hiihnerkeim,- Arch. f. mikr. Anat., xx. 1882.

Beatrice Lindsay. - “ On the Avian Sternum,- Proc. Zool. Soc., 1885. A. M. Marshall. - “ On the Early Stages of Development of the Nerves in Birds,- Jour, of Anat. and Phys., xi. 1877.

- “The Development of the Cranial Nerves in the Chick,- Quart. 

Jour. Micr. Sci., xviii. 1878.

G. Romiti. - “De l -Extremit 4 ant6rieure de la Corde dorsale et de son

Rapport avec la Poche hypophysaire ou de Rathke chez l -Embryon du Poulet,- Arch. Ital. de Biol., vii. 1886.

C. 0 . Whitman. - “A Rare Form of the Blastoderm of the Chick, and its Bearings on the Question of the Formation of the Vertebrate Embryo,- Quart. Jour. Micr. Sci., xxiii. 1883.

W. Wolff. - “Ueberdie Keimblatter des Hiihnes, - Arch.f. mikr. Anat., xx. 1882.


W. K. Parker. - On Mammalian Descent (The Hunterian Lectures for 1884). London, 1885.


F, E. Beddard. - “Note on the Presence of an Allantoic (Anterior

Abdominal) Vein in Echidna,- Zool. Anz., vii. 1884.

W. H. Caldwell. - “ On the Arrangement of the Embryonic Membranes in Marsupial Animals,- Quart. Jour. Micr. Sci., xxiv. 1884.

W. H. Caldwell. - “ The Embryology of Monotremata and Marsupialia,- in (Abstract of preliminary paper) Proc. Roy. Soc., 1887.

J. J. Fletcher. - “On the Existence after Parturition of a Direct Communication between the Median Vaginal Cul-de-sac, so called, and the Urogenital Canal, in certain Species of Kangaroos,- Proc. Linn. Soc. N. S. W., vi. 1881.

“ On Some Points in the Anatomy of the Urogenital Organs in

Females of certain Species of Kangaroos,- Ibid., vi. 1882-83.

C. Gegenbaur. - Zur Kenntniss der Mammarorgane der Monotremen. Leipzig, Engelmann, 1886.

W. Haacke. - “ Meine Entdeckung des Eierlegens der Echidna,- Zool. Anz., vii. 1884.

W. Haacke. - “On the Marsupial Ovum, the Mammary Pouch, and the Male Milk-Glands of Echidna liystrix,- Proc. Roy. Soc., xxxviii. 1885.

J. J. Lister and J. J. Fletcher - “ On the Condition of the Median Portion of the Vaginal Apparatus in the Macropodidse,- Proc. Zool. Soc., 1881.

H. F. Osborn. - “Observations upon the Foetal Membranes of the Opossum and other Marsupials,- 7 &fc?.,'xxiii. 1883.

E. B. Poulton. - “ The Structures connected with the Ovarian Ovum of

Marsupialia and Monotremata,- Quart. Jour. Micr. Sci., xxiv. 1884.

W. B. Spencer. - “The Eggs of Monotremes,- Nature, xxxi. 1884.


P. Albrecht. - “ Note sur le Centre du Proatlas chez un Macacus arctoides I. Geciffr.,- Bull. Mus. Roy. d -Hist. Nat. Belg., ii. 1883.

“ Note sur le Pelvisternum des Edent^s,- Bull. Acad. Roy. de

Belg., vi. 1883.

■ “ Sur les Elements morphologiques du Manubrium du Sternum

chez les Mammiferes,- Livre Jubilaire, Soc. Medecine de Gand, 1884.

“Ueber die Chorda dorsalis und 7 Knocherne Wirbelcentren

im Knorpeligen Nasenseptum eines erwachsenen Rindes,- Biol. Centralbl., v. 1885.

F. M. Balfour. - “ On the Evolution of the Placenta, and on the

Possibility of Employing the Characters of the Placenta in the Classification of the Mammalia,- Proc. Zool. Soc., 1881.

W. Barnes. - “ On the Development of the Posterior Fissure of the Spinal Cord and the Reduction of the Central Canal in the Pig,- Proc. Amer. Acad, of Arts and Sci., xix. 1883.

E. Van Beneden et C. Julin. - “Recherches sur la Formation des Annexes foetals chez les Mammiferes (Lapin et Cheiroptkres),- Arch, de Biol., v. 1884.

B. Bonnet. - “ Beitrage zur Embryologie cler AViederkauer, gewonnen am

Schafei,- Arch . Anat. Phys ., Anat. Abthiel ., 1884.

G. Born. - “ Ueber die Derivate der embryonalen Schlunsbogen imd

Schlundspalten bei Saugethieren,- Arch, mikr. Anat., xxii. 1883. M. Braun. - “ Besondere Entwickelungsverhaltnisse am Scliwanzende von Saugethieren,- Sitzungsber. Dorpater. Naturf. Gesell. , vi. 1884.

H. H. Brown. - “ On Spermatogenesis in the E t,- Quart. Jour. Micr.

Set., xxv. 1885.

C. Emery. - “ Ricerche embriologiche sul rene dei Mammiferi,- Atti. d.

R. Acc. d. Lined (Rome), (3), xv. 1885.

AY. Flemming. - “ Die ektoblastische Anlage des Urogenitalsystems beim Kaninchen,- Arch. f. Anat. u. Phys., Anat. Abtheil., 1886, p. 236. A. Fraser. - “ On the Development of the Ossicula anditus in the Higher Mammalia,- Phil. Trans., 1882.

“ On the Inversion of the Blastodermic Layers in the Rat and

Mouse,- Proc. Roy. Soc., xxxiv. 1883.

A. C. Haddon. - “R ote on the Blastodermic Vesicle of Mammals,- Proc. Roy. Dubl. Soc. (N.S.), iv. 1885.

AY. Heape. - “T he Development of the Mole ( Talpa europea ), the Formation of the Germinal Layers, and Early Development of the Medullary Groove and Notochord,- Quart. Jour. Micr. Sci. xxiii. 1883.

The Development of the Mole ( Talpa europea), the Ovarian

Ovum, and Segmentation of the Ovum,- Ibid., xxvi. 1886.

“ The Development of the Mole ( Talpa europea), Stages E to

J,- Ibid., xxvii. 1886.

Y. Hensen. - “E in frillies Stadium des im Uterus des Meerschweinchens festgewachsenen Eies,- Arch. f. Anat. u. Phys., Anat. Abtheil., 1883.

“Bemerkungen betreffend die Mittheilungen von Selenka und

Ivupffer iiber die Entwickelung der Mause,- Ibid., 1883.

L. Hiltner. - “U eber die Entwicklung des Nervus opticus der Saugethiere,- Biol. Centralbl., v. 1885.

AY. His.^ - -“Anatomie Menschlicher Embryonen.- “I. Embryonen des ersten Monats,- 1880; “II. Gestalt- und Grossenentwicklung bis zum Scliluss des 2 Monats,- 1882; “III. Zur Geschichte der Organe,- 1885 (with Atlas). Leipzig.

G. B. Howes. - “ The Morphology of the Mammalian Coracoid,- Journ.

Anat. and Phys., xxi. (N.S. 1), 1887.

H. Klaatsch. - “ Zur Morphologie der Saugethier-Zitzen,- Morph. Jahrb.,

ix. 1883.

R. Kraushaar. - “Entwicklung der Hypophysis und Epiphysis bei Nagethieren,- Zeit. fur wiss. Zool., xli. 1884.

Cite this page: Hill, M.A. (2020, August 7) Embryology Book - An Introduction to the Study of Embryology - Appendix B. Retrieved from

What Links Here?
© Dr Mark Hill 2020, UNSW Embryology ISBN: 978 0 7334 2609 4 - UNSW CRICOS Provider Code No. 00098G