Book - An Atlas of the Medulla and Midbrain - References

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Sabin FR. and Knower H. An atlas of the medulla and midbrain, a laboratory manual (1901) Baltimore: Friedenwald.

Online Editor  
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This 1901 book by Florence Rena Sabin (1871 - 1953) and her collaborator presents one of the very earliest atlases of the human central nervous system, describing the midbrain and brainstem. This atlas was extremely useful for later researchers attempting to both understand the development and mapping of the midbrain and medulla. Florence Sabin later work was as a key historic researcher in early 1900's establishing our early understanding of both vascular and lymphatic development in the embryo.



Modern Notes: Medulla | Mesencephalon | Florence Sabin

Neural Links: ectoderm | neural | neural crest | ventricular | sensory | Stage 22 | gliogenesis | neural fetal | Medicine Lecture - Neural | Lecture - Ectoderm | Lecture - Neural Crest | Lab - Early Neural | neural abnormalities | folic acid | iodine deficiency | Fetal Alcohol Syndrome | Postnatal | Postnatal - Neural Examination | Histology | Historic Neural | Category:Neural


Neural Tube Development
Neural Tube Primary Vesicles Secondary Vesicles Adult Structures
week 3 week 4 week 5 adult
neural plate
neural groove
neural tube

Brain
prosencephalon telencephalon Rhinencephalon, Amygdala, Hippocampus, Cerebrum (Cortex), Hypothalamus, Pituitary | Basal Ganglia, lateral ventricles
Diencephalon Epithalamus, Thalamus, Subthalamus, Pineal, third ventricle
mesencephalon mesencephalon Tectum, Cerebral peduncle, Pretectum, cerebral aqueduct
rhombencephalon metencephalon pons, cerebellum
myelencephalon medulla oblongata
spinal cord
Historic Disclaimer - information about historic embryology pages 
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Pages where the terms "Historic Textbook" and "Historic Embryology" appear on this site, and sections within pages where this disclaimer appears, indicate that the content and scientific understanding are specific to the time of publication. This means that while some scientific descriptions are still accurate, the terminology and interpretation of the developmental mechanisms reflect the understanding at the time of original publication and those of the preceding periods, these terms and interpretations may not reflect our current scientific understanding.     (More? Embryology History | Historic Embryology Papers)


Literature

This list is designed to meet the needs of the student beginning the Study of the Central Nervous System. (It does not represent the full bibliography considered in writing the original article.)


For the development of the Central Nervous System:

His, W. Arch. f. Anat. u. Physiol., Anat. Abth., Leipz., 1893.

For a comprehensive text-book on the Nervous System:

VAN GEHUCHTEN, A. Anatome du Systeme Nerveux De L'Homme. 1897.


For general text-books :

Nervensystem. Prof. Dr. H. Ziehen (Jena), 1899; from Dr. Karl von Bardeleben's Anatomie des Menschen. OBERSTEINER, H. Anleitung beim Studium der Nervosen Centralorgane. 1896.

QUAIN'S Anatomy. Vol. in, Pt. i. The Spinal Cord and Brain. Edited by Schafer and Thane. 1895. Also Quain's Anatomy. Vol. m, Pt. n. The Peripheral Nerves.

For the development and scope of the Neurone Conception, with a full review of modern investigation and with complete literature :

BARKER, L. F. The Nervous System. 1899.


For a detailed Anatomy of the Cord and Brain :

v. KOELLIKER, A. Handbuch der Gewebelehre, Bd. n.

Leipz., 1896.


For the Anatomy of the Spinal Cord :

VON LENHOSSE'K, M.


For the Tracts as studied by the Method of Successive Myelenization:

FLECHSIG, P. Die Leitungsbahnen im Gehirn und Eiickenmark. Leipzig (1876).


For the Midbrain :

FOREL, A. Arch. f. Psychiat., Berl., Bd. vn (1877), S. 393495.


For a study of the details of the Medulla Oblongata by the Golgi Method:

RAMO'N Y CAJAL. Beitrag zur Studium der Medulla Oblongata. Deutsche Uebersetz. von Bresler, Leipzig (1896).


For the Acustic Nerve and its central path :

HELD. Arch. f. Anat. u. Phys., Anat. Abth., Leipzig (1891).


For the paths in the cord and brain, especially Medulla and Midbrain :

v. BECHTEREW, W. Die Leitungsbahnen im Gehirn und

TMickenmark. Leipzig (1894).


For Comparative Anatomy:

EDINGER, L. Yorlesungen iiber den Bau der Nervb'sen Centralorgane. Leipzig, 1893.


Journals of Current Contributions:

Le Neuraxe, Van Gehuchten, Lou vain.

Journal of Comparative Neurology, C. J. Herrick, Granville, Ohio, U. S. A.

Brain, London, England.

Arch, fiir Psychiatric und Nervenkrankheiten, Berlin, Germany.

Abbreviations

o, Fibres running from region of lemniscus lateralis toward the dorsal border of brachium conjunctivum.

A. c. (or Aq. c., or Aq. cer.), Aquaeductus cerebri. Silvian.

  1. , Decussating portion of root of N. trigeminus. N. V.

B. c. (or Br. conj., or Brach. conj.), Brachium conjunctivum. Superior cerebellar peduncle.

B. c. (d.), Brachium conjunctivum (dorsal bundle).

C. a., Columna anterior (Columna ventralis). Ventral column. C. c., Canalis centralis.

C. i. (or Coll. inf.), Colliculus inferior. Inferior Corpora Quadrigemina.

C. p., Cornmissura posterior cerebri.

C. r. (or Corp. rest.), Corpus restiforme. Inferior peduncle.

C. s. (or Coll. s., or Coll. sup.), Colliculus superior. Superior Corpora Quadrigemina.

C. t., Corpus trapezoideum.

D. b. c. (or Dec. B. c., or Dec. Br. Conj.), Decussatio brachii conjunctivi. Decussation of superior cerebellar peduncle.

D. betw. nu. c. i., Decussation between nuclei colliculi inferioris.

D. c. n. r., Capsula dorsalis of the nucleus ruber. (Red nucleus.)

Dec. Beet., Commissure between Bechterew's nuclei. (Superior vestibular nucleus.)

Dec. 1., Decussatio lemniscorum.

D. p., Decussatio pyramidum.

D. rel. to N. V. (Same as /?.), Decussation related to N. trigeminus.

D. t. v. F., Decussatio tegmenti ventralis, of Forel.

D. t. Vide F. to d. M.

D. t. d. M., Decussatio tegmenti dorsalis Meynerti.

F. a. i., Fibrae areuatse internae.

F. a. i. (d.) (or F. a. i. (Dec. 1.)), Fibrse arcuatae internae (distal bundle) or Decussatio lemniscorum.

F. a. i. (p.) (or F. a. i. (cun.)), Fibrae arcuatae internae (proximal bundle).

F. a. i. (vest.) , Fibrae arcuatae internae, pertaining to central vestibular paths.

F. a. e., Fibrae arcuatae externae.

F. betw. B. c. & h. 1. Vide a.

F. B. c. d. Vide B. c. (d.).

F. c. (or F. cu., or Fa. cun.), Fasciculus cuneatus. Column of Burdach.

F. c. s. (or F. do.), Fasciculus cerebellospinalis. Direct cerebellar tract.

F. c. to Fr., Fibres from fasciculus cuneatus to forma tio reticularis. Column of Burdach.

F. fr. d. M., Fibres from Decussatio tegmenti dorsalis Meynerti.

F. fr. f. 1. (1.), Fibres from fasciculus lateralis (lateral group). Lateral column.

F. fr. f. 1. (m.), Fibres from fasciculus lateralis (medial group).

F. fr. 1. m. to s. n., Fibres from lemniscus medialis to substantia nigra.

F. g. (or Fa. gr.), Fasciculus gracilis. Column of Goll.

F. L, Fossa interpedunculare.

Fib. arc. int. Vide F. a. i. (p.).

F. 1., Fasciculus lateralis.

F. 1. m. (or Fasc. 1. med.), Fasciculus longitudinalis medialis. Posterior longitudinal bundle.

F. 1. p., Fasciculus lateralis proprius. Lateral ground bundle.

F. 1. p. (d.), (or F. 1. p. (4)), Bundle continuous with fasciculus lateralis of the cord.

F. p. (or F. Py.), Fasciculi longitudinales pyramidales. (In Fig. 36 F. p. is Fibrse pontis.) Pyramidal tract.

F. r. a., Formatio reticularis alba.

F. r. M. (or Fasc. retrof.), Fasciculus retroflexus Meynerti.

F. sc. dl., Fasciculus cerebellospinalis dorsolateralis. Direct cerebellar tract.

F. to d. M. (or F. to d. t. d.), Fibres to decussatio tegmenti dorsalis Meynerti.

F. v. c. (i.), Fibres connecting vestibular area with cerebellum (inner or medial group).

F. v. c. (o.), Fibres relating the vestibular area with the cerebellum (outer or lateral bundle).

F. v. 1., Fasciculus ventrolateralis. Ventrolateral column.

F. v. p., Fasciculus ventralis proprius. Ventral ground bundle.

L. c. nu. r., Capsula lateralis nuclei rubri.

L. 1. (or Lemn. lat.), Lemniscus lateralis.

L. m., Lemniscus medialis.

L. nu. r., Lectus nuclei rubri. Bed of red nucleus.

L. s., Lemniscus superior.

Med. obi., Medulla oblongata.

Mesenc., Mesencephalon.

Mot. V. Vide N. V (m.).

N. c. Vide N. VIII (Coch.).

N. 1. 1., Nucleus lemnisci lateralis.

N. Ill, Eadix N. oculomotorii.

N. IV (or N. troch.), Eadix N. trochlearis.

N. V, Eadix N. trigemini.

N. V (dec.). Vide/?.

N. V (m.), or N. Mot. V, Eadix N. trigemini (motor).

N. V (s.) (or N. Sen. V), Eadix N. trigemini (sensory).

N. VI, Eadix N. abducentis.

N. VII, Eadix N. facialis.

N. VII p. p. (or VII (a.)), Eadix N. facialis, pars prima.

N. VII p. s. (or N. VII (c.)), Eadix N. facialis, pars secunda.

N. VII g. (i.) (or N. VII (b.)), Eadix N. facialis genu internuin.

N. VIII (coch.) (or N. c.), Eadix N. cochleae.

N. VIII (vest.) (or N. vest.), Eadix N. vestibuli.

N. IX & X, Eadices N. glossopharyngei et vagi.

N. XI, Eadix N. accessorii.

N. XI p. p., Eadix N. accessorii, pars prima.

N. XI p. s., Eadix N. accessorii, pars secunda.

N. XII, Eadix N. hypoglossi.

Nu. a., Nucleus arcuatus.

Nu. a. c., Nucleus alae cinerese.

Nu. c., Nucleus coluxnnaris.

Nu. c. i., Nucleus colliculi inferioris, Figs. 43 and 44. In Fig. 13, Nu. e. i. = Nucleus centralis inferior.

Nu. com., Nucleus commissuralis.

Nu. c. p., Nucleus commissurse posterior, or nucleus fasciculi longitudinalis medialis. Posterior longitudinal bundle.

Nu. c. s. (1.), Nucleus centralis superior, pars lateralis.

Nu. c. s. (m.), Nucleus centralis superior, pars medialis.

Nu. d., Nucleus dentatus.

Nu. f. c. (or Nu. f. cu., or Nuc. f. cun.), Nucleus funiculi cuneati.

Nu. f. c. (1.), Nucleus funiculi cuneati lateralis (Blumenau).

Nu. f. g. (or Nucl. f. gr.), Nucleus funiculi gracilis.

Nu. f. 1. m., Nucleus fasciculi longitudinalis medialis or nucleus commissurae posterioris (oberer Oculomotoriuskern or Darkschewitsch) .

Nu. g., Nucleus globosus.

Nu. 1. s., Nucleus lateralis superior of Flechsig.

Nu. N. c. d. (or Nu. N. cochl. cl.), Nucleus N. cochleae dorsalis.

Nu. N. c. v., Nucleus N. cochleae ventralis.

Nu. N. v. 1. (or Nu. N. vest. 1.), Nucleus N. vestibuli lateralis.

Nu. N. v. m. (or Nu. N. vest, m.), Nucleus N. vestibuli medialis (Schwalbe).

Nu. N. v. s. (or Nu. N. vest, s.), Nucleus N. vestibuli superior (von Bechterew).

Nu. N. Ill, Nucleus N. oculomotorii.

Nu. N. Ill, 1., (or Nu. N. Ill (a.)), Nucleus N. oculomotorii, pars lateralis.

Nu. N. Ill, m. (or Nu. N. Ill (b.)), Nucleus oculomotorii (medial nucleus).

Nu. N. IV, Nucleus N. trochlearis.

Nu. N. V, Nucleus N. trigemini.

Nu. m. m. N. V, Nuclei motorii minores N. trigemini.

Nu. m. p. N. V, Nucleus motorius princeps N. trigemini.

Nu. N. VI (or Nucl. N. abd.), Nucleus N. abducentis.

Nu. N. VII, Nucleus N. facialis.

Nu. N. XII (or Nucl. N. hyp.), Nucleus N. hypoglossi.

Nu. N. XII, a. K., Nucleus of Holler.

Nu. o. a. d., Nucleus olivaris accessorius dorsalis. Accessory olive.

Nu. of r., Nucleus of the roof.

Nu. o. a. m., Nucleus olivaris accessorius medialis.

Nu. o. i., Nucleus olivaris inferior. Olive.

Nu. o. s., Nucleus olivaris superior. Superior olive.

Nu. o. s. 2, Nucleus olivaris superior, at its junction with the nucleus lemnisci lateralis.

Nu. r., Nucleus ruber. Eed nucleus.

Nu. r. t., Nucleus reticularis tegmenti.

Nu. t. s. (or Nu. tr. sol.), Nucleus tractus solitarii.

Nu. x. of 1. c. of nu. r., Nucleus capsulse lateralis nuclei rubri.

Nu. y., Anterolateral extremity of nucleus of N. vest, medialis.

P. f., Pedunculus flocculi.

Py., Pyramis. Pyramid.

R. d. N. V, Radix descendens (mesencephalica) N. trigemini.

R. d. N. vest, (or Rad. desc. N. vest.), Radix descendens N. vestibuli.

R. 1., Recessus lateralis ventriculi quarti. Lateral recess of fourth ventricle.

S. 1., Transverse series.

S. 2., Horizontal series.

S. a., Striae acusticse.

S. a. p. (or St. a. p., or Str. alb. p., or St. alb. p.), Stratum album profundum.

Sen. V. Vide N. V. (s.).

S. f., Substantia ferruginea.

S. g. (or Sub. gel., or Sub. gel. Rolandi), Substantia gelatinosa Rolandi.

S. i. 1. (or St. i. 1.), Stratum interolivare lemnisci. (In Fig. 20 extend the line through the olive.)

S. n., Substantia nigra.

St. g. c. (or St. gr. c.), Stratum griseum centrale. Central gray matter.

T. fr. D. to c. (or Tr. fr. nu. D.), Tract from Deiters' nucleus to the funiculus lateralis to lateral column.

T. s. ( (or Tr. s., or Tr. sol.), Tractus solitarius.

T. s. N. V (or T. s. n. t., or Tr. s. n. t., or Tr. s. N. V), Tractus spinalis N. trigemini.

V. q., Ventriculus quartus.



Historic Disclaimer - information about historic embryology pages 
Mark Hill.jpg
Pages where the terms "Historic Textbook" and "Historic Embryology" appear on this site, and sections within pages where this disclaimer appears, indicate that the content and scientific understanding are specific to the time of publication. This means that while some scientific descriptions are still accurate, the terminology and interpretation of the developmental mechanisms reflect the understanding at the time of original publication and those of the preceding periods, these terms and interpretations may not reflect our current scientific understanding.     (More? Embryology History | Historic Embryology Papers)


An Atlas of the Medulla and Midbrain (1901): Chapter I. Introductory | Chapter II. The Long Tracts | Chapter III. The Columns Of The Spinal Cord | Chapter IV. Cerebellar Peduncles | Chapter V. The Cerebral Nerves And Their Nuclei | Chapter VI. The Cerebral Nerves And Their Nuclei (Continued). Lateral Group | Chapter VII. The Inferior And Accessory Olives | Chapter VIII. The Midbrain | Chapter IX. The Formatio Reticularis Alba And Grisea | General Summary of what Is shown In Reconstruction | References To Literature | Abbreviations | Description of Figures and Plates


Cite this page: Hill, M.A. (2019, July 23) Embryology Book - An Atlas of the Medulla and Midbrain - References. Retrieved from https://embryology.med.unsw.edu.au/embryology/index.php/Book_-_An_Atlas_of_the_Medulla_and_Midbrain_-_References

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