Book - A textbook of histology, including microscopic technic (1910) Illustrations

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Böhm AA. and M. Von Davidoff. (translated Huber GC.) A textbook of histology, including microscopic technic. (1910) Second Edn. W. B. Saunders Company, Philadelphia and London.

A Textbook of Histology (1910): Introduction To Microscopic Technic | General Histology | I. The Cell | II. Tissues | Special Histology | I. Blood And Blood-Forming Organs, Heart, Blood-Vessels, And Lymph- Vessels | II. Circulatory System | III. Digestive Organs | IV. Organs Of Respiration | V. Genito-Urinary Organs | VI. The Skin and its Appendages | VII. The Central Nervous System | VIII. Eye | IX. Organ of Hearing | X. Organ of Smell | Illustrations - Online Histology
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Illustrations

Fig. Title Page

1. Microscope . . . . 18

2. Diagram showing the principle of a compound microscope 20

3. Box for imbedding tissues 28

4. Laboratory microtome 33

5. Minot automatic precision microtome 34

6. Minot automatic rotary microtome 34

7. Apparatus for cutting tissues frozen by carbon dioxid 37

8. Movements in honing . .... 38

9. Apparatus for making wax plates, used in reconstruction by Bern's method . . 56

10. Diagram of cell (Huber) 59

11 . Cylindric ciliated cells from the primitive kidney of Petroniyzon planeri ... 60

12-26. Processes of mitotic cell- and nuclear division 65, 66

27-29. Mitotic cell-division of fertilized whitefish eggs (Huber) 67

30. Mitotic division of cells in testis of salamander (Benda and Guenther) ... 69

31-36. Processof fertilization (Boveri) . 72, 73

37. Pigment cell from the skin of the head of a pike 77

38. Isolated cells of squamous epithelium (Huber) 82

39. Surface view of squamous epithelium from skin of a frog 82

40. Simple columnar epithelium from the small intestine of man (Huber) .... 83

41. Pseudostratified columnar epithelium 83

42. Stratified pavement epithelium . . 84

43. Cross-section of stratified squamous epithelium from esophagus of man (Huber) 84

44. Isolated transitional epithelial cells from bladder of man (Huber) 85

45. Cross-section of transitional epithelium from the bladder of a young child (Huber) 85

46. Stratified columnar epithelium 86

47. Ciliated cells from bronchus of dog 86

48. Cross-section of stratified ciliated columnar epithelium from trachea of rabbit (Huber) . . . . 86

49. Goblet cells from bronchus of dog . . 87

50. Mucus-secreting cell (goblet cell) (Huber) ... 87

51. Simple tubular glands ... .... 88

52. Excretory ducts and lumina of the secretory portion of a compound tubular gland . 89

53. Lumina of the secreting portion of a reticulated tubular gland 89

54. Glandular classification .... 90

55. Mesothelium from pericardium of rabbit (Huber) 93

56. Mesothelium from mesentary of rabbit (Huber) 93

57. Mesothelium from peritoneum of frog ... 93

58. Mesothelium covering posterior abdominal wall of frog (Huber) 94

59. Endothelial cells from small artery of mesentery of rabbit (Huber) 94

60. Mesenchymatous tissue from the subcutis of a duck embryo 97

61. Development of the different types of connective tissue from the mesenchyma (Huber) 98

62. White fibrils and bundles from teased preparation of a fresh tendon from tail of rat (Huber) 99

62^. Elastic fibers from ligamentum nuchas of ox 99

63. Reticular fibers from a thin section of a lymph-gland (Huber) IOI

64. Reticular connective tissue from lymph-gland of man 102

65. Areolar connective tissue from subcutaneous tissue of rat (Huber) 102

66. Cell-spaces in the ground- substance of areolar connective tissue of young rat (Huber) 103

67. Connective-tissue cells from pia mater of dog (Huber) . . . . 103

68. Pigment cells found on the capsule of sympathetic ganglion of frog (Huber) . 103

69. Leucocyte of frog with pseudopodia 104

70. Fibrous connective tissue from great omentum of rabbit 105

71. Longitudinal section of tendon 106

72. Cross-section of secondary tendon bundle from tail of rat (Huber) 106

73. Tendon cells from tail of rat (Huber) 107

74. Cross-section of ligamentum nuchse of ox (Huber) 107

75. Fat-cell . . 107

76. Hyaline cartilage 108

77. Section through cranial cartilage of squid 109

78. Insertion of the ligamentum teres into the head of the femur no

79. Elastic cartilage from external ear of man Ill

80. Longitudinal section through a lamellar system (v. Ebner) 113

81. 82. Lamellae seen from the surface (v. Ebner) 113

83. Segment of a transversely ground section from the shaft of a long bone, showing lamellar system . . : .... ... 114

84. Portion of a transversely ground disc from the shaft of a human femur ... 115

85. Longitudinal section through a long bone of a lizard embryo .... 117

86. Longitudinal section of the proximal end of a long bone of a sheep embryo . 118

87. Longitudinal section through area of ossification from long bone of human embryo (Huber) ... 119

88. Longitudinal section through epiphysis of arm bone of sheep embryo .... 122

89. Section through the lower jaw of an embryo sheep 123

90. Cross-section of developing bone from leg of human embryo, showing endo chondral and intramembranous bone development (Huber) . 124

91. Cross-section of shaft (tibia of sheep) 125

92. Nonstriated muscle from the intestine of a cat 135

93. Cross-section of striated muscle-fibers 136

94. Muscle-fiber from ocular muscles of rabbit 136

95. Striated muscle-fiber of frog, showing sarcolemma (Huber) 137

96. Diagram of structure of fibrils of a striated muscle-fiber (Huber) 138

97. Diagram of transverse striation in the muscle of an anthropoid 138

98. Transverse section through the striated muscle-fiber of a rabbit 139

99. Striated muscle-fiber of man 140

100. Cross-section through the trapezius muscle of man ... 140

101. Branched, striated muscle-fiber from tongue of dog (Huber) 141

102. Cross-section of rectus abdominis of child, under low magnification (Huber) 142

103. Longitudinal section through the line of junction between muscle and tendon 142

104. 105. Longitudinal and cross-section of muscle-fibers from the human myocardium 143

106. Longitudinal section of heart-muscle (Huber) 146

107. Bipolar ganglion cell from the ganglion acusticum of a telecost 150

108. Chromatophile granules of a ganglion cell from the Gasserian ganglion of a telecost 151

109. Nerve-cell from the anterior horn of the spinal cord of an ox 151

110. Motor neurones from anterior horn of the spinal cord of new-born cat (Huber) 152

111. A nerve-cell with branched dendrites (Purkinje's cell), from cerebellar cortex of rabbit .... 152

112. Pyramidal cell from cerebral cortex of man 153

113. Nerve-cell from dendrites ending in claw-like telodendria 154

114. Ganglion cell with a T-shaped process 154

115. Ganglion cell from Gasserian ganglion of rabbit (Huber) 155

116. Ganglion cells from spinal ganglion of rabbit embryo 155

117. Neurone from inferior cervical sympathetic ganglion of rabbit (Huber) . . . 156

118. Longitudinal section of nerve-fiber . . 157

119. Transverse section through sciatic nerve of frog 158

120. Medullated nerve-fibers from rabbit 159

121. Remak's fibers from pneumogastric nerves of rabbit ... ..... 159

122. Diagram to show composition of a peripheral nerve-trunk (Huber) .... l6l

123. Cross-section through a peripheral nerve 161

124. Peripheral motor neurone (Huber) . 163

125. Motor nerve-ending in voluntary muscle of rabbit (Huber-De Witt) .... 164

126-130. Motor endings in striated voluntary muscles ... 165

131. Motor nerve-ending in striated voluntary muscle of frog (Huber-De Witt) . . 166

132. Motor nerve-ending on heart muscle-cells of cat (Huber-De Witt) .... 166

133. Motor nerve-ending on involuntary nonstriated muscle-cell from intestine of cat (Huber-De Witt) 166

134. Peripheral sensory neurone (Huber) 167

135. Termination of sensory nerve-fibers in the mucosa and epithelium of urethra of cat (Huber) 168

136. End-bulb of Krause from conjunctiva of man (Dogiel) 169

137. Meissner's tactile corpuscle (Dogiel) . . 170

138. Genital corpuscle -from glans penis of man (Dogiel) 171

139. Cylindric end-bulb of Krause from intermuscular fibrous tissue septum of cat (Huber) 172

140. Vater-Pacinian corpuscle from the mesentery of a cat 173

141. Pacinian corpuscles from the mesorectum of a kitten (Sala) 174

142. Corpuscle of Herbst from bill of duck 175

143. Intrafusal muscle-fiber from neuromuscular nerve end-organ of rabbit (Huber) 176

144. Cross-section of a neuromuscular nerve end-organ from interosseous muscle of man (Huber) ... ... ... . 176

145. Neuromuscular nerve end-organ from plantar muscles of dog ( Huber-De Witt) 177

146. Neurotendinous nerve end-organ from rabbit (Huber-De Witt) 178

147. Cross-section of neurotendinous nerve end-organ of rabbit (Huber-De Witt) . 179

148. Ranvier's crosses from sciatic nerve of rabbit 181

149. Medullated nerve-fiber from sciatic nerve of frog 181

150. Ganglion cell from anterior horn of spinal cord of calf 182

151. Human red blood-cells 188

152. Rouleau formation of human erythrocytes 1 88

153. Hemin, or Teichmann's crystals, from blood stains on a cloth (Huber) . . . 188

154. Crenated human red blood-cells 188

155. Red blood-corpuscles subjected to the action of water 188

156. Red blood-corpuscles from various vertebrate animals 189

157. White blood-corpuscles from normal blood of man 191

158. Ehrlich's leucocytic granules 192

159. Fibrin from laryngeal vessel of child (Huber) 195

160. Solitary lymph-nodule from human colon 197

161. Transverse section of human cervical lymph-gland, showing the general structure of a lymph-gland 198

162. Section from human lymph-gland 199

163. Section through the human spleen 203

164. Lobule of the spleen (Mall) 205

165. Cells containing pigment, blood-corpuscles, and hemic masses from spleen of dog 206

166. Section through human spleen showing reticular fibrils 206

167. Cover-glass preparation from bone-marrow of dog 208

168. Section through human red bone-marrow ... 209

169. Small lobule from thymus of child, well-developed cortex 211

170. Hassall's corpuscle and a small portion of medullary substance from thymus of child ten days old (Huber) 211

171. Cross-section of human carotid artery 217

172. Section through human artery, one of the smaller of the medium-sized ... 217

173. Precapillary vessels from mesentery of cat (Huber) 218

174. Cross-section of human internal jugular vein 219

175. Section of small human vein . . . 220

176. Endothelial cells of capillary and precapillary from mesentery of rabbit (Huber) 221

177. Small artery from oral submucosa of cat with nerve-terminations 222

178. Section of a cell-ball from glomus caroticum of man , . 225

179. Thoma-Zeiss hemocytometer 232

180. Section through lower lip of man . 237

181. Longitudinal section through a human tooth, showing lines of Retzius . . . 239

182. Portion of ground tooth from man, showing enamel and dentin .... 240

183. Longitudinal section through human molar from the center of the enamel layer

184. Cross-section of human tooth, showing cement and dentin 243

185. Nerve termination in pulp of rabbit's molar (Huber) 244

186-189. Four stages in the development of tooth in sheep embryo 245

190. Portion of cross-section through developing tooth 246

191. Fungiform papilla from human tongue (Huber) 247

192. Cross-section of human tongue showing filiform papillae . . 248

193. Longitudinal section of foliate papilla of rabbit, snowing taste-buds (Huber) 249

194. Longitudinal section of a human circumvallate papilla 250

195. Schematic representation of a taste-goblet (Hermann) 251

196, 197. Section through pharyngeal tonsil of man . . 252, 253

198. Section through salivary gland of rabbit, with injected blood-vessels ... 255

199. Model of a small portion of a sublingual gland of man 256

200. Section of human submaxillary gland 257

201. Section of parotid gland of man 257

202. Portion of a model of a salivary gland with mucus secretion 258

203. Alveoli from submaxillary gland of dog (Huber) 258

204. Model of a gland of v. Ebner, from a boy 260

205. Section of esophagus of a dog . ... 263

206. Section of human esophagus, showing a cardiac gland with a dilated duct . 264

207. Epithelium of human stomach, covering fold of mucosa between two gastric crypts 266

2c8. Vertical section through fundus of human stomach . . 267

209. Fundus glands from fundus of stomach of young dog (Huber) 267

210. Section through junction of human esophagus and cardia 268

211. Vertical section through human pylorus 270

212. Section of human pylorus 271

213. Section through fundus of human stomach in condition of hunger 272

214. Section through fundus of human stomach during digestion 272

215. Illustrations of models, made after Bern's wax-plate reconstruction method, of glandular structures and duodenal villi of human intestine 273

216. Section through mucous membrane of human small intestine 275

217. Longitudinal section through summit of villus from human small intestine . . 276

218. Section through the junction of the human pylorus and duodenum . . . . 278

219. Section of solitary lymph-nodule from vermiform appendix of guinea-pig . . 279

220. Section through colon of man, showing glands of Lieberkiihn 280

221. Transverse section of human vermiform appendix (Huber) 281

222. Solitary lymph-follicle from human colon 282

223. Section through fundus of injected cat's stomach 283

224. Schematic transverse section of human small intestine (Mall) 285

225. Portion of the plexus of Auerbach from stomach of cat (Huber) 286

226. Section of esophagus of cat showing nerve-terminations (Huber) 287

227. Section through liver of pig, showing chains of liver-cells 289

228. Section through injected liver of rabbit 290

229. 230. Human bile capillaries . 291

231. Diagram of hepatic cord in transverse section 292

232. Section through the human liver, showing the beginning of bile-ducts . . . 292

233. Injected blood-vessels in liver lobule of rabbit 293

235. Reticulum of dog's liver 294

236. Connective tissue from liver of sturgeon, showing reticulum 295

237. Liver of rabbit, showing the so-called stellate cells of Kupffer (Huber) . . 296

238. Section through liver lobule of dog, showing stellate cells 297

239. Transverse section through alveolus of frog's pancreas 299

240. Model of lobule of human pancreas 299

241. 242. Section through human pancreas 300, 301

243. Relation of three adjoining alveoli to excretory duct, illustrating origin of centro-acinal cells . 3 2

244. Section of human pancreas, showing gland alveoli surrounding an area of Langerhans (Huber) ... 302

245. Vertical section through mucous membrane of human larynx 309

246. Longitudinal section of human trachea (Huber) 311

247. Transverse section through human bronchus 312

248. 249. Sections of cat's lungs ... 313

250. Internal surface of human respiratory bronchiole (Kolliker) 314

251. Inner surface of human alveolus, showing respiratory epithelium (Kolliker) . 315

252. Respiratory epithelium in amphibia . 316

253. Scheme of lung lobules after Miller . . . 317

254. Reconstruction in wax of a single atrium and air-sac with the alveoli (Miller) 317

255. Section of human lung, showing elastic fibers (Huber) 318

256. Section through injected rabbit's lung . . 318

257. Cross-section of thyroid gland of man (Huber) 319

258. Section from parathyroid of man (Huber) 321

259. Kidney of new-born infant ... 323

260. Isolated uriniferous tubules 324

261. Median longitudinal section of adult human kidney 325

262. Section of cortical substance of human kidney 326

263. Section of proximal convoluted tubules from man 327

264. Epithelium from proximal convoluted tubule of guinea-pig, with surface and lateral views .... 328

265. Cortical portion of longitudinal section of kidney of child (Huber) 328

266. Section of medulla of human kidney ... 329

267 Longitudinal section through papilla of injected kidney 330

268. Section through junction of two lobules of kidney 331

269. Diagrammatic scheme of uriniferous tubules and blood-vessels of kidney . 333

270. Direct anastomosis between an artery and vein in a column of Berlin of child' 335

271. Section of lower part of human ureter . ... 337

272. Transverse section of the wall of the human bladder, giving a general view of its structure 338

273. Section of suprarenal cortex of dog 340

274. Arrangement of intrinsic blood-vessels in cortex and medulla of dog's adrenal (Flint) 341

275. Section from ovary of adult dog (Waldeyer) 345

276. Section from ovary of young girl 340

277-280. Sections from cat's ovary 348

281. Transverse section through the cortex of a human ovary 349

282. Representation of behavior of the chromatin during the maturation of the ovum (Riickert) . . 351

283. Scheme of the development and maturation of an ascaris ovum (Boveri) . . 352

284. Section of oviduct of young woman 7 355

285. Section from uterus of young woman ... 4 357

286. Section of human vagina (Huber) 358

287. Section of human labia minora (Huber) 359

288. Diagram showing the characteristics of spermatozoa of vertebrates 361

289. Human spermatozoa . . 362

290. Longitudinal section through human testis and epididymis 363

291. 292. Sustentacular cells 364

293. Section of human testis (Huber) 365

294. Section through human vasa efferentia 366

295. Cross-section of vas epididymidis of human testis (Huber) 366

296. Section of dog's testis with injected blood-vessels 367

297. Cross- section of vas deferens near epididymis (human) (Huber) 368

298. Cross-section of wall of seminal vesicle (human) (Huber) 369

299. Section of prostrate gland of man (Huber) . . 369

300. Schematic diagram of spermatogenesis as it occurs in ascaris (Boveri) .... 373

301. Schematic diagram of section through convoluted seminiferous tubule of mammal (Hermann ) . . 375

302. Section of convoluted tubule from rat's testicle 376

303. Under surface of the epidermis . ... 380

304. Cross-section of skin of child with injected blood-vessels 381

305- Prickle cells from the stratum Malpighii of man 382

306. Cross-section of human epidermis 383

307. Cross-section of negro's skin 384

308. A reconstruction, showing the arrangement of the blood-vessels in the skin of

the sole of the foot (Spaltcholz) 385

309. Nerves of epidermis and papillae from ball of cat's foot 386

310. 311. Meissner's corpuscle from man 387

312. Grandry's corpuscles from duck's bill 388

313. Transverse section of human scalp . . 390

314. Longitudinal section of human hair and follicle 391

315. Cross-section of human hair with follicle 392

316. Longitudinal section of cat's hair and follicle, showing nerve-termination . . 393

317. Longitudinal section through human nail and its groove 394

318. Transverse section through human nail and its sulcus 395

319. Coiled portion of a sweat-gland from the plantar region of a man, reconstructed by Bern's wax-plate method (Huber Adamson) 396

320. Cross-section of coiled tubule of sweat-glands from human axilla . . . . 396

321. Tangential section through coiled tubule of sweat-glands from human axilla 397

322. Sebaceous gland with a portion of the hair follicle, reconstructed by Bern's wax-plate method 398

323. Section of alveoli from sebaceous gland of human scalp (Huber) 399

324. Model of small portion of a secreting mammary gland 400

325. Section of mammary gland of nullipara (Nagel) 401

326. Transverse section through human skin 404

327. Cross-sections of human spinal cord 407

328. Schematic diagram of spinal cord in cross-section (von Lenhossek) 409

329. Schematic cross-section of spinal cord (Ziehen) .. 410

330. Section through human cerebellar cortex vertical to the surface of the convolution 413

331. Schematic diagram of cerebellar cortex 414

332. Cell of Furkinje from human cerebellar cortex 415

333. Granular cell from the granular layer of the human cerebellar cortex .... 415

334. Vertical section of human cerebral cortex 418

335. Large pyramidal cell from human cerebral cortex 419

336. Schematic diagram of cerebral cortex 420

337. Olfactory bulb 422

338. Longitudinal section of spinal ganglion of cat (Huber) 424

339. Ganglion cell from the Gasserian ganglion of a rabbit (Huber) 425

340. Diagram showing the relations of the neurones of a spinal ganglion (Dogiel) 426

341. Neurone from inferior cervical sympathetic ganglion of a rabbit (Huber) . . 427

342. From section of semilunar ganglion of cat (Huber) 428

343. From section of stellate ganglion of dog (Huber) 429

344. From section of sympathetic ganglion of turtle (Huber) 430

345. From section of sympathetic ganglion of frog (Huber) 430

346. Schematic diagram of a sensorimotor reflex arc according to the modern neurone theory 431

347. Schematic diagram of a sensorimotor reflex cycle 432

348. Schematic diagram of the reflex tracts between a peripheral organ and the

brain cortex . 433

349. Neurogliar cells ( Huber) 434

350. Neurogliar cells from cross-section of the white matter of the human spinal cord (Huber)

351. Section through injected cerebral cortex of rabbit 438

352. Schematic diagram of the eye (Leber and Flemming) 447

353. Section through the anterior portion of human cornea 449

354. Corneal spaces of dog > 450

355. Section through the human choroid 452

356. Meridional section of the human ciliary body 454

357. Injected blood-vessels of the human choroid and iris 456

358. Section of the human retina 458

359. Section through point of entrance of human optic nerve 460

360. Section through human macula lutea and fovea centralis 461

361. Schematic diagram of the retina (Ramon y Cajal) , 463

362. Injected blood vessels of the human retina 465

363. Injected blood-vessels of human macula lutea 466

364. Vertical section of upper eyelid of man . . 471

365. Meibomian or tarsal gland, reconstructed after Bern's wax-plate method . . . 472

366. Schematic representation of the complete auditory apparatus (Schwalbe) . . 477

367. Cross-section of the Eustachian tube 479

368. Right bony labyrinth (Quain, after Sommering) 480

369. Membranous labyrinth from five-month human embryo (Schwalbe, after Retzius) 481

370. Transverse section through an osseous and membranous semicircular canal of an adult human being 482

371. Vertical section through the anterior ampulla . . 484

372. Longitudinal section of the cochlea of a cat 486

373. Section through a turn of the osseous and membranous cochlear duct of the cochlea of guinea-pig

374. Organ of Corti (Retzius)

375. Surface of organ of Corti, with surrounding structures (Retzius) 493

376. Scheme of distribution of blood-vessels in labyrinth (Eichler) ...... 495

377. Portion of transverse section of the olfactory region of man 499