Embryology Legal Issues
© Dr Mark Hill (2008)
This page is related to Embryology and the Law. Please note that this is not a comprehensive coverage or even current coverage of all issues. Legislation will vary from country to country and even state to state (in Australia). Many of the issues relate to Ethical principles and rights, which are different for humans and animals.
The main issues relating to the law are: Human Rights, Reproductive Technologies, fertility, abortion, gene manipulation, Quarantine
Note that the dynamic nature of the internet means that some external links may change and no longer work, if so search with the text term of the link.
This information is provided for educational purposes only.
Page Links: Introduction | United Nations- Human Rights |
Agriculture and Resource Management Council of Australia and New Zealand (July 1997) | Australian Legislation |
Australian Legislation | National Health and Medical Research Council |
New Zealand | USA | Europe | Council of Europe - Bioethics |
United Kingdom | UK Department of Health- HFEA |
United Nations- Human Rights
COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS HUMAN RIGHTS AND SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS
November 1994, Fifty-first session Item 14
3 December 1996, Fifty-third session Item 12
COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS- HUMAN RIGHTS AND SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS 1997 (Local Copy)
New South Wales
National Health and Medical
Australian Human Rights Information Centre
E Law - Murdoch University Electronic Journal
- E Law - Murdoch University Electronic
Journal of Law, Vol 3, No 1 (May 1996)
- E Law - Murdoch University Electronic
Journal of Law, Vol 4, No 3 (September 1997)
Human embryo experimentation in Australia
children : a uniform approach to the law and
practice of reproductive technology in
Australia. Report of the Family Law Council
incorporating the report of the Asche Committee
on issues relating to AID, IVF embryo transfer
and related matters, 1985, Canberra
- Asche, Austin Australia.
- ISBN: 0 644 04238 9
National Health and Medical Research Council (Historic)
ABC Radia National- Law Report
Agriculture and Resource Management Council of Australia and New Zealand (July 1997)
armcanz Regulation of Gene Technology
Report to SCARM by the Working Group to Examine the Regulatory System for Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs)
Animals Act 1967 050 Commenced: 16 Nov 1967 III: Disease Control 26A
Regulations governing animal embryos
March 2001 USA considers human embryo research under the new Bush
administration, an article from the BBC.
Chicago-Kent College of Law, Symposium on Reproductive Technologies, Dec 5, 1997
CONCEPTIONS- How Science and Law Are
Shaping Future Generations
Clicking the names below links to a transcript
of each presentation.
Edwards, Ph.D., of Bourn Hall, England,
the scientist responsible for the first in
vitro fertilization birth
Campbell, Ph.D., scientist on the team
responsible for the cloning of Dolly the
sheep, co-inventor on the patent
Haseltine, Ph.D., M.D., director, Center
for Population Research, National Institutes
Caplan, Ph.D., director, Center for
Bioethics, University of Pennsylvania
"Setting Moral Rules for Reproduction"
Albany Law School
2001- Italian doctor claims he
will carry out first human cloning.
Generates enormous furore in
Scientific/Medical/Ethical communities. See
- Transcript of discussion on ABC Radio (Dr. J
Kahn , Dr. JWagner) on Genetic
Technology And Ethics
2001- The Human Genome was
simultaneously published in papers in both
journals. While still incomplete it is the most
accurate map of the genetic background for
development. The sequence was developed by both
an international consortium and a commercial
group. Note that knowing what genes are present
in the genome is only the first step, you then
have to know their function. See also
introduction to the Human
2001- The British parliament passes a
law under the 1990 Human Fertilisation and
Embryology Act to allow cloning of human
embryos. This cloning is to be carried out for
scientific research purposes only to human stem
Third Symposium on Bioethics (15-18 December
1996, Strasbourg, France)
Clicking on the Title below lists the abstracts
from this meeting.
ETHICAL ISSUES ARISING FROM THE APPLICATION
Council of Europe - Bioethics
Parliament (UK) - Human Fertilisation and Embryology Bill introduced 8 November 2007, as a review of the law first announced in January 2004, which included a public consultation in 2005.
"The Bill is intended to update the regulation of assisted reproduction and embryo research (primarily by amending the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act 1990), to ensure that it is fit for purpose in the 21st Century."
Bill key proposals:
- ensuring that all human embryos outside the body – whatever the process used in their creation - are subject to regulation
- regulation of “inter-species” embryos created from a combination of human and animal genetic material for research
- a ban on sex selection of offspring for non-medical reasons
- retention of a duty to take account of the welfare of the child in providing fertility treatment, but removal of the reference to “the need for a father”
- recognising same-sex couples as legal parents of children conceived through the use of donated sperm, eggs or embryos
- altering the restrictions on the use of data collected by the regulator to make it easier to do follow-up research
- increasing the scope of legitimate embryo research activities, subject to controls
(More? Dept of Health - Human Fertilisation and Embryology Bill (UK)
UK Department of Health- HFEA
Metabolism and disposition kinetics of nicotine.
Hukkanen J, Jacob P 3rd, Benowitz NL. Pharmacol Rev. 2005 Mar;57(1):79-115. Review.
- Book Title- William S. Hein & Co., Inc.Hein
Master Catalog REPRODUCTIVE
TECHNOLOGY A RESEARCH GUIDE TO THE LEGAL STATUS OF THE
FROZEN HUMAN EMBRYO
- Author: Coppo, Timothy 1 volume(Vol.) $39.50 (9)
40 (12) pp, 1996, ISBN:0-89941-982-8, LC:95-33288 This
guide raises many legal, medical, and ethical issues
involving cryopreservation and vitro fertilization and
discusses legislation on this topic which has been
passed. Additionally, secondary sources, methods of
legal research, and other information which will be of
assistance to legal researchers is covered.
POLITICS OF ABORTION AND BIRTH CONTROL IN HISTORICAL
PERSPECTIVE edited by Donald T. Critchlow. University
Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1996. 180 pp.
- Reviewed by Cynthia Harrison
on the disposition of embryos produced by in vitro
- Waller, Louis
- Victoria, Australia (1984). Committee to consider
the social, ethical and legal issues arising from in
vitro fertilization (1984)
For those wanting to see dynamic processes of development (and have a reasonably
quick connection) then the Movies pages
are good for watching changes occur.
The study of human development has relied extensively on studying the process
in other model animals. For those wanting to see the process of development
in other species then the other embryos
pages are a good start.
UNSW Embryology ISBN: 978 0 7334 2609 4
UNSW CRICOS Provider Code No. 00098G